Claude Langlois's work on the French Revolution captures the experience of ordinary people in the country as a whole. Against an interpretation that sees the Revolution as resulting in a secular, modernized France, he emphasizes the ambiguity and uncertainties of the outcome. He is above all interested in assessing the impact of the Revolution on the Church. Although the Revolution had a profound impact on the personnel, landscape, finances, and politics of the Church, the Concordat created the conditions for recovery. There were restorations in pastoral care and practices but in addition, there were also ruptures, especially in the long term. Alongside a nineteenth century of unexpected piety, there were also regions and groups of low practice and indifference. The article also discusses Langlois's contributions to the political history of the coup of 1799, and to population studies.
Entre méfiances et défis
Mara Viveros Vigoya
gouvernement colombien, malgré l’abolition du Concordat et la reconnaissance constitutionnelle de la pluralité religieuse ; l’émergence et la prolifération des mouvements qui cherchaient à faire valoir les droits des groupes opprimés sexuellement dans le cadre
New and Renewed Perspectives
sidelines in all negotiations,” and that ultimately “it wished to bridle the French episcopacy by imposing a concordat.” 30 In the summer and early autumn of 1942, before the semi-autonomy of the Vichy regime was ended, Laval had less success with the