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Oili Pulkkinen

Newtonian science and mechanics left an important imprint on the Scottish Enlightenment. Even though the usage of mechanical metaphors, especially that of a “state machine” per se, were rare in Scottish philosophy, its conception of the human, animal and political bodies as mechanisms that function according to regular principles, or laws, helped to shape many of the theories that have now become popular in various fields of Scottish studies. Most research in these fields focus on the conceptions of history related to theories of economic advancement. In this article the author suggests that the theories produced in the Scottish Enlightenment were also nuanced attempts to describe how historical mechanisms operate.

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Erick White

symbolic, structural, and functional logics that defined Theravada Buddhism as a religious system. Similarly, in terms of ideology, sociality, and practice, monks and mediums were presented as oppositional ideal types. And in the conjectural histories of

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Charles Bradford Bow

the appendix of Theory of Moral Sentiments (3rd ed., 1767). 52 That early example of stadial theory, which Dugald Stewart later coined as “Theoretical or Conjectural History” in his life of Adam Smith, emphasized the exercise of external sense

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Invoking a World of Ideas

Theory and Interpretation in the Justification of Colonialism

David Boucher

, and to American case law. In a series of conjectural histories exploring the relation between progress and decadence these thinkers broadly agreed that societies develop through four stages. These are hunting and gathering, pastoralism and nomadism

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J. D. Y. Peel

Marloes Janson, Wale Adebanwi, David Pratten, Ruth Marshall, Stephan Palmié, Amanda Villepastour, and J. D. Y. Peel

Edited by Richard Fardon and Ramon Sarró

: 111 ). Positioning his focus on narratives of the past in the present within the debates on ‘conjectural history’ from, among others, Malinowski, Cunnison, and Bohannan, John devised an agenda for historical anthropology that would address the