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Extractive Conservation

Peasant Agroecological Systems as New Frontiers of Exploitation?

Anne Cristina de la Vega-Leinert and Peter Clausing

Our title may sound provocative. How can conservation, the purpose of which is to protect Nature from degradation, be associated with extraction, that is, the exploitation of natural resources? This statement is a paradox in a paradigm that

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George Holmes

Planetary changes associated with the Anthropocene challenge longestablished ideas and approaches within biodiversity conservation, such as wilderness, wildness, native and exotic species, species and ecosystem diversity, and what counts as success in biodiversity conservation. This article reviews and analyzes how the Anthropocene is being used within the literature on biodiversity conservation. It finds that the idea of a new epoch has been used to frame a broad range of new approaches and concepts to understanding and stemming the loss of biodiversity. These new ideas are diverse and sometimes contradictory, embracing a range of ethical values and positions. Yet the term Anthropocene is not widely used within the biodiversity conservation literature. Despite the cross-disciplinary nature of the Anthropocene, interdisciplinary research on these new concepts and approach is rare, and the insights of the humanities are almost entirely absent. Debates about conservation in the Anthropocene are a continuation of long-running controversies within conservation, such as how it should relate to human development, and over the concept of wilderness. Overall, this review demonstrates that the literature on biodiversity conservation in the Anthropocene is not well established, is both diverse and new, while echoing longstanding debates in conservation, and it indicates the direction such literature might take in future.

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Parks, Proxies, and People

Ideology, Epistemology, and the Measurement of Human Population Growth on Protected Area Edges

David M. Hoffman

The epistemic community of conservation biology has a normative and epistemological engagement with human population growth and biodiversity conservation on the edges of protected areas (PAs). This article unpacks how this epistemic community frames

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Conservation-Induced Resettlement

The Case of the Baka of Southeast Cameroon—A Variation on the Habitual Mobility–Immobility Nexus

Harrison Esam Awuh

1950 by decree number 75/50 of the French colonial administration. 7 Following the creation of Dja Reserve and based on the “fortress” conservation ideology that the presence of people in protected areas is anathema to the idea of nature protection

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The Making of Conservation Science

Report on the Brill-Nuncius Seminar on the Material and Visual History of Science, organized by Sven Dupré (Utrecht University/University of Amsterdam) and Esther van Duijn (Rijksmuseum Amsterdam), 29–30 April 2021

Tijana Žakula

exhibition was mentioned in virtually all the lectures that were delivered during the Brill Nuncius seminar held on 29–30 April 2021, which focused on the formation of conservation science in the post-World War II period, from the 1940s through the 1970s

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Franziska von Verschuer

conservation of agricultural biodiversity—gave warning of a looming “rendezvous with extinction,” a lot has changed in the agricultural and agro-political landscape. When they red-flagged the increasing loss of plant genetic diversity advancing since the mid

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Ryan Tucker Jones

continuities across the revolutionary divide. 15 Arsen'ev worked out rules to govern the successful applicants’ operations. These rules are often derived from longstanding Far Eastern concerns about conservation informed by a relentless historical series of

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Hinemihi o te Ao Tawhito

How a Māori Meeting House in England cultivated relationships and understanding

Michael Upchurch

conservation work). Photo by Chris Lacey, National Trust Images. The derelict state of Hinemihi in the years after the eruption led to the opportunity for William Hillier, Fourth Earl of Onslow and Governor of New Zealand from 1889 to 1892, to purchase

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Retaining character

Heritage conservation and the logic of continuity

Thomas Yarrow

In anthropology and beyond, discussions of character have more often focused on this as a quality of human subjects rather than of the material world. How is character figured as a quality of historic buildings, monuments and places? I situate this question through an ethnographic focus on conservation professionals in Scotland, tracing the practices through which ‘character’ is recognised, understood and conserved. My account explores the practices and dispositions through which practitioners attune themselves to this quality, and highlights the role character plays in resolving a central dilemma for conservation: how things can remain as they are, even while changing. This ethnographic focus questions some of the materially essentialist analytic frameworks that have prevailed in literatures on both conservation and character, while highlighting forms of practice that are elided more than illuminated by countervailing deconstructive approaches to these topics: actions, ideas and commitments that stem from heritage professionals’ own sense of character as ‘in‐built’.

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Kate Pride Brown

concentrated urban population. Managers of these systems have implemented different types of water conservation strategy to augment their supply portfolio as they attempt meet the expected growing demand. These municipalities have met with varying levels of