Our title may sound provocative. How can conservation, the purpose of which is to protect Nature from degradation, be associated with extraction, that is, the exploitation of natural resources? This statement is a paradox in a paradigm that
Peasant Agroecological Systems as New Frontiers of Exploitation?
Anne Cristina de la Vega-Leinert and Peter Clausing
Planetary changes associated with the Anthropocene challenge longestablished ideas and approaches within biodiversity conservation, such as wilderness, wildness, native and exotic species, species and ecosystem diversity, and what counts as success in biodiversity conservation. This article reviews and analyzes how the Anthropocene is being used within the literature on biodiversity conservation. It finds that the idea of a new epoch has been used to frame a broad range of new approaches and concepts to understanding and stemming the loss of biodiversity. These new ideas are diverse and sometimes contradictory, embracing a range of ethical values and positions. Yet the term Anthropocene is not widely used within the biodiversity conservation literature. Despite the cross-disciplinary nature of the Anthropocene, interdisciplinary research on these new concepts and approach is rare, and the insights of the humanities are almost entirely absent. Debates about conservation in the Anthropocene are a continuation of long-running controversies within conservation, such as how it should relate to human development, and over the concept of wilderness. Overall, this review demonstrates that the literature on biodiversity conservation in the Anthropocene is not well established, is both diverse and new, while echoing longstanding debates in conservation, and it indicates the direction such literature might take in future.
The Case of the Baka of Southeast Cameroon—A Variation on the Habitual Mobility–Immobility Nexus
Harrison Esam Awuh
1950 by decree number 75/50 of the French colonial administration. 7 Following the creation of Dja Reserve and based on the “fortress” conservation ideology that the presence of people in protected areas is anathema to the idea of nature protection
Ideology, Epistemology, and the Measurement of Human Population Growth on Protected Area Edges
David M. Hoffman
The epistemic community of conservation biology has a normative and epistemological engagement with human population growth and biodiversity conservation on the edges of protected areas (PAs). This article unpacks how this epistemic community frames
Franziska von Verschuer
conservation of agricultural biodiversity—gave warning of a looming “rendezvous with extinction,” a lot has changed in the agricultural and agro-political landscape. When they red-flagged the increasing loss of plant genetic diversity advancing since the mid
Ryan Tucker Jones
continuities across the revolutionary divide. 15 Arsen'ev worked out rules to govern the successful applicants’ operations. These rules are often derived from longstanding Far Eastern concerns about conservation informed by a relentless historical series of
How a Māori Meeting House in England cultivated relationships and understanding
conservation work). Photo by Chris Lacey, National Trust Images. The derelict state of Hinemihi in the years after the eruption led to the opportunity for William Hillier, Fourth Earl of Onslow and Governor of New Zealand from 1889 to 1892, to purchase
Kate Pride Brown
concentrated urban population. Managers of these systems have implemented different types of water conservation strategy to augment their supply portfolio as they attempt meet the expected growing demand. These municipalities have met with varying levels of
A Case Study of the Bhotia of Uttarakhand (India)
The debate over the extent to which tribals and other indigenous communities have the right to use natural resources found in and around their traditional habitat is one which continues to take place even today. The present paper discusses this very issue in the context of the Bhotia, a tribal community living in the Himalayan foothill state of Uttaranchal (India); their rights to extract and use medicinal plants vis-à-vis the country's forest policy banning it; the issue of conservation of biodiversity and the place of local communities in such endeavours; the plight of the local forest dwellers in the wake of non-recognition of their rights on the forests, and their interaction with this situation. An attempt has also been made to put forward a few suggestions to solve this continuing and nearly universal problem in an amicable way not only among the Bhotia but also among other indigenous groups facing a similar situation. The paper is chiefly based on primary data collected through in-depth interviews, discussions and observations on the selected group.
Analyzing conservation politics in the Sundarbans
such negotiations, as scratches inflicted on their sovereignty. The article examines how the Sundarbans mangrove forests in South Asia, despite being steadily integrated into the global conservation discourse, continue to witness state assertions of