Search Results

You are looking at 1 - 10 of 73 items for :

  • "creolization" x
  • Refine by Access: All content x
  • Refine by Content Type: All x
Clear All Modify Search
Restricted access

Creole festivals and Afro‐Creole cosmopolitanisms in Mauritius

Laura Jeffery

Focusing ethnographically on the Creole festivals in Mauritius, this article examines coexisting cosmopolitan and localising processes in a non‐elite and rooted context. It outlines the marginalisation of Creoles in Mauritius before elucidating three processes evident in Afro‐Creole collective identification: cross‐continental inspiration from the ‘Creole world’ of the African diaspora; regional ethnic identification as Indian Ocean island Creoles with overlapping histories and shared cultural traditions; and the localising identity politics of differentiation of each ‘Creole culture’ as unique and rooted in a particular island or state.

Open access

Francis, a Criollo Pope

Valentina Napolitano

centuries, Criollo emerged as a ‘color’ category, connected to a history of slavery and part of a lived taxonomical imagination in which space, race, and politics intersected. The term is indeed polymorphic. In places like Mexico, creolization is connected

Restricted access

Creolizing contradance in the Caribbean edited by Manuel, Peter


Restricted access

Existential Philosophy and Antiracism

An Interview with Lewis R. Gordon

T Storm Heter

's writings have inspired an explosion of interest in Africana Existentialism, an open-ended, creolizing philosophy. In the interview below, Gordon outlines the existential situations that face us today. How is human liberation possible given the soul

Restricted access

Book Reviews

Mariske Westendorp, Bruno Reinhardt, Reinaldo L. Román, Jon Bialecki, Alexander Agadjanian, Karen Lauterbach, Juan Javier Rivera Andía, Kate Yanina DeConinck, Jack Hunter, Ioannis Kyriakakis, Magdalena Crăciun, Roger Canals, Cristina Rocha, Khyati Tripathi, Dafne Accoroni, and George Wu Bayuga

Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Brazil CLARK, Emily Suzanne, A Luminous Brotherhood: Afro-Creole Spiritualism in Nineteenth-Century New Orleans , 280 pp., notes, index. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2016. Hardback, $34

Restricted access

‘Being a model for the world’

Performing Creoleness in La Réunion


In this article, I shall argue that concepts of Creoleness are used both to formulate an ethics of modern time and mobility, and to form social realities whose experience, among others through tourism, brings this very ethics alive. Creoleness presents itself here as a powerful allegory to think about time in terms of a linear process, as ‘history’ emanating in an imaginary point of purity and origin, and leading towards a state of increasing melange and ‘creolisation’. Through a historical and ethnographic study of landscape poetic, spatial planning and museum initiatives in the Indian Ocean island of La Réunion, I will show how the island and islanders were made to inhabit and ultimately to perform this allegory as a means to participate in a global modernity. Through the particular focus on a recent museum project, the article will point to the ambivalences underlying this new sign‐economy within which facets of the islanders’ everyday life are elevated as to be or become a ‘model for the world’.

Restricted access

“A Horde of Brigands?” The Great Louisiana Slave Revolt of 1811 Reconsidered

Robert L. Paquette

Most historians, even specialists in the field of slavery, know little about the largest and bloodiest slave insurrection in United States history. The revolt broke out in a sugar-producing region in the Territory of Orleans in 1811, one year before Louisiana's statehood. A disciplined army of rebels composed of men and women, African-born slaves and creole slaves, mulattoes and blacks, skilled slaves and field hands, marched down the east bank of the Mississippi River in quickstep toward New Orleans. Stunned eyewitnesses observe slaves in military formation with drums beating and flags waving. At least some of the leaders of the revolt were uniformed, mounted on horseback, and wielded rearms. Charles, a mulatto slave driver allegedly from Saint-Domingue (Haiti), led the uprising. The 1811 insurrection raises big questions about the causes and content of slave rebellion. Why did the insurrection break out when and where it did? How were slaves of different types from different plantations mobilized to revolt? Was the Louisiana insurrection influenced by the slave revolution in Saint-Domingue? Or were the causes of the revolt local? Why did free-people of color assist whites in suppressing the movement? What were the goals of the rebels? Summary justice led to the grisly executions and mutilations of scores of slaves. Did torture and terror have the desired results for the master class?

Restricted access

“White” Guadeloupeans of “Mixed” Ancestry

Complicating Analyses of Whiteness and White Supremacy

Ary Gordien

nationalists. Some of the symbols used during the 2009 strike (the “traditional” ka drums, the exclusive use of French Creole, and the celebration of slave revolts) were forged by the founders of Guadeloupean nationalism. LKP also directly targeted powerful

Restricted access

The Colonial State and Carnival

The Complexity and Ambiguity of Carnival in Guinea-Bissau, West Africa

Christoph Kohl

-Bissau, particularly in times of crisis. Luso-African creole communities, I will argue, were important agents in this history of colonial crisis and carnival mimesis. In the former Portuguese Guinea—today the independent state of Guinea-Bissau—creole groups have played

Restricted access

Justice, Loyalty and Cosmopolitan Politesse in Mauritius

Thomas Hylland Eriksen

than cosmopolitan. Yet, the cosmopolitan ideals of mauricianité are also practiced every day. A Tamil bus driver meets and greets his Creole colleague as Anyone, or even as a friend and colleague. In principle, the friendly banter over beer and rum in