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Ming-Lun Chung

bullying rates, and the evaluation of anti-bullying intervention. Bhaskar (1979) critically pointed out the positivists’ misunderstanding of natural science and suggested that the main task of critical realism is to shift the focus from epistemology to

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Steven Corbett

The central aims of this article are, first, to theoretically explore the relationship between social quality (in particular, the conditional factor of social empowerment) and participatory democracy. This uses the democratic dialectic (Bernard 1999) as a normative guide to assess democratic values. Second, the article describes how this theoretical discussion of the social quality of participatory democracy can be operationalized in critical qualitative sociological research. This offers a new direction for social quality research, which has thus far involved theoretical development and the establishment and use of statistical indicators (Beck et al. 1998, 2001; van der Maesen and Walker 2012). The findings of two empirical case studies are called in as evidence that, to different extents, participatory democratic settings can be socially empowering. This research suggests implications for the full realization of social quality in existing liberal and social democratic societies.

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Gracjan Cimek

In the globalized world, it is difficult to consider the quality of societal life without taking into account the influence of international processes on the state. The fundamental task of the perspective of the geopolitics of critical realism is

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Jaap Westbroek, Harry Nijhuis, and Laurent van der Maesen

's philosophy of science is referred to as “critical realism.” In an ontological sense, this means that societal totality must be regarded as “an ensemble of structures, practices and conventions which individuals reproduce or transform, but which would not

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, Chung explores the question of the proposition and application of critical realism as developed by Roy Bhaskar (1979) —namely, whether the “generative mechanisms behind school anti-bullying policy making” can be justified. The purpose is to learn how

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Laurent J.G. van der Maesen

Life: Towards a Cross-Cultural Approach .” In Social Quality: A Vision for Europe , ed. W. Beck , L. J. G. van der Maesen , F. Thomése and A. Walker , 69 – 87 . The Hague : Kluwer Law International . Collier , A. 1994 . Critical

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Singing with Dignity

Adding Social Quality to Organization Studies on Aging

Prabhir Vishnu Poruthiyil

. Reed . 2011 , “ Responses to Social Constructionism and Critical Realism in Organization Studies .” Organization Studies 32 ( 1 ): 7 – 26 . 10.1177/0170840610394289 Phillips , D. 2011 . “ The Individual and the Social: A Comparative Study of

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Searching for a New Way of Thinking about Society

A Noospheric Social Quality Orientation for Development toward Sustainability

Vyacheslav Nikolayevitch Bobkov and Nikolay Vyacheslavovich Bobkov

, is also inspired by Roy Bhaskar’s (1978 , 1979) theory on critical realism. As one of the ways to assess social quality, the following has been suggested ( Gordon 2007 ): socioeconomic security—a range of adequate means (standards) related to