The article investigates an essential characteristic of the Federal Republic of Germany's search for self-assurance in foreign cultural representations after World War II. A normative behavioral pattern, described here as an “attitude of restraint,” emerged during the Adenauer era, resulting in representations without emulation. The article focuses on German participation in world fairs-an example that reveals the multi-layered mechanisms linking diplomacy with culture, political attitudes with individual experiences and memories, and foreign relations with social conditions. The formation of an attitude of restraint constituted part of the long-term process of West German self-education and shaped cultural identities in the Federal Republic. The self-assurance re-found during the Adenauer era is placed in the context of political debates about the break with the Nazi past, defense against communist East Germany, and the selective turn toward an international modernity. Furthermore, the article offers an explanation regarding the diffusion of certain behavioral norms through everyday experience and practice.
French Cultural Policies in Britain during the Second World War
The Second World War challenged the well-established circulation of cultural practices between France and Britain. But it also gave individuals, communities, states, and aspiring governments opportunities to invent new forms of international cultural promotion that straddled the national boundaries that the war had disrupted. Although London became the capital city of the main external Resistance movement Free France, the latter struggled to establish its cultural agenda in Britain, owing, on the one hand, to the British Council’s control over French cultural policies and, on the other hand, to the activities of anti-Gaullist Resistance fighters based in London who ascribed different purposes to French arts. While the British Council and a few French individuals worked towards prolonging French cultural policies that had been in place since the interwar period, Free French promoted rather conservative and traditional images of France so as to reclaim French culture in the name of the Resistance.
Cristina Clopot and María Dolores Fernandes del Pozo
Akagawa, Natsuko (2015), Heritage Conservation and Japan’s Cultural Diplomacy: Heritage, National Identity and National Interest (London: Routledge), 227 pp., Hb: €112, ISBN: 9780415707626
Okely, Judith (2012), Anthropological Practice: Fieldwork and the Ethnographic Method (London: Berg), 224 pp., Pb: £18.99 ISBN: 9781845206031
Wade Jacoby, Imitation and Politics: Redesigning Modern Germany (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press)
Review by Marc Morjé Howard
Manfred F. Boemeke, Roger Chickering, and Stig Föster, eds., Anticipating Total War: The German and American Experiences, 1871-1914 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999)
Review by Geoff Eley
Elizabeth Heinemann, What Difference Does a Husband Make? Women and Marital Status in Nazi Postwar Germany (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1999)
Review by Jennifer Kapczynski
Michael Brenner, After the Holocaust: Rebuilding Jewish Lives in Postwar Germany. (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1997)
Review by Marsha L. Rozenblit
Fredric Jameson, Brecht and Method (London: Verso, 1998)
Review by Eric Jarosinski
Jessica C. E. Gienow-Hecht, Transmission Impossible: American Journalism as Cultural Diplomacy in Postwar Germany, 1946-1955 (Baton-Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1999)
Review by Anna J. and Richard L. Merritt
Sheri Berman, The Social Democratic Moment. Ideas and Politics in the Making of Interwar Europe (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1998)
Review by Teresa Kulawik
Frederick Kempe, Father/Land: A Personal Search for the New Germany (New York: 1999)
Review by Hilary Collier Sy-Quia
Kylie Message, Eleanor Foster, Joanna Cobley, Shih Chang, John Reeve, Grace Gassin, Nadia Gush, Esther McNaughton, Ira Jacknis, and Siobhan Campbell
Book Review Essays
Museum Activism. Robert R. Janes and Richard Sandell, eds. New York: Routledge, 2019.
New Conversations about Safeguarding the Future: A Review of Four Books. - A Future in Ruins: UNESCO, World Heritage, and the Dream of Peace. Lynn Meskell. New York: Oxford University Press, 2018. - Keeping Their Marbles: How the Treasures of the Past Ended Up in Museums—And Why They Should Stay There. Tiffany Jenkins. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2016. - World Heritage and Sustainable Development: New Directions in World Heritage Management. Peter Bille Larsen and William Logan, eds. New York: Routledge, 2018. - Safeguarding Intangible Heritage: Practices and Politics. Natsuko Akagawa and Laurajane Smith, eds. New York: Routledge, 2019.
The Filipino Primitive: Accumulation and Resistance in the American Museum. Sarita Echavez See. New York: New York University Press, 2017.
The Art of Being a World Culture Museum: Futures and Lifeways of Ethnographic Museums in Contemporary Europe. Barbara Plankensteiner, ed. Berlin: Kerber Verlag, 2018.
China in Australasia: Cultural Diplomacy and Chinese Arts since the Cold War. James Beattie, Richard Bullen, and Maria Galikowski. London: Routledge, 2019.
Women and Museums, 1850–1914: Modernity and the Gendering of Knowledge. Kate Hill. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2016.
Rethinking Research in the Art Museum. Emily Pringle. New York: Routledge, 2019.
A Natural History of Beer. Rob DeSalle and Ian Tattersall. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2019.
Fabricating Power with Balinese Textiles: An Anthropological Evaluation of Balinese Textiles in the Mead-Bateson Collection. Urmila Mohan. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2018.
Introduction to Special Issue
Magnus Marsden, Diana Ibañez-Tirado, and David Henig
fields of ‘popular geopolitics’ and ‘cultural diplomacy’ has tended to focus chiefly on discourse. We suggest that this methodological emphasis has drawn attention to the ways in which the forms of diplomatic activity important to everyday life also
Ireneusz Pawel Karolewski, Julian Pänke, and Jochen Roose
that Germany's contribution to the world is generally viewed positively, 5 often linked to the domestic management of the Euro crisis and continued economic growth. German cultural diplomacy is perceived as important in promoting an image of the nation
Keïta Fodéba and the Imagining of National Culture in Guinea
Andrew W. M. Smith
the national company of the newly independent Guinea. Their appearance offered an important image of Guinean cultural diplomacy in a fraught racial environment in the United States, with the concurrent activity of the civil rights movement ensuring
Greagh Smith, Conal McCarthy, Bronwyn Labrum, Ken Arnold, Dominique Poulot, Jill Haley, Jun Wei, and Safua Akeli Amaama
these new urban museum spaces. Part III mainly discusses the openness of Chinese museums. This openness refers not only to cultural diplomacy, or exhibition exchanges and partnership-building oriented by cross-cultural collaborations, but also to
Remaking the World Cultures Displays at the National Museum of Scotland
an explicit political agenda of free admission to national museums and a rhetoric of cultural diplomacy ( Lidchi 2007 ). In England, the UK Coalition (2010–2015) and Conservative (since 2015) governments have relied more significantly on ideas of