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English Wetland Immersions

Encountering, Slowing, Navigating, Imagining in Terrestrial Water Worlds

Mary Gearey

cultural representations of wetlands to frame modes of care beyond the material. Not all manifestations of care are explicit and linear. Cultural practices and representations that evoke the uncanny, the unsettling, and the unheimlich 4 are as potent

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“Avoiding the mistakes of the past”

Tower block failure discourse and economies of risk management in London's Olympic Park

Saffron Woodcraft

-maintenance, disempowering, unnecessary, mostly ugly, and they can never be truly safe.” A powerful dystopian imaginary dominates political and cultural representations of Britain's postwar tower blocks. Constructed to provide council-owned modern housing for working

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Islamic Immaterial Culture and Ethnopolitical Symbols in Georgia and the Russian Federation

Babak Rezvani

Abstract

This article discusses the ethno-political and immaterial cultural representations of Russia's and Georgia's Muslim minorities as reflected in their anthroponyms, toponyms, flags and coats of arms. It is obvious that Such representations reflect cultural expressions, as they may depict ethnic or religious symbols. Both Russia's and Georgia's attitudes towards Islamic cultural expressions are rather liberal. Symbols and names tell a lot about a people's cultural freedom and orientation. However, it appears from research that religious practice and freedom do not necessarily correlate perfectly with representation of symbols. In accordance with the legacy of the Soviet nationalities policy, by which certain ethnic groups were afforded privileges in an autonomous region, the current representations of immaterial culture and ethno-political culture seem to have a territorial rationale.

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Bande dessinée and the Penal Imaginary

Graphic Constructions of the Carceral Archipelago

Charles Forsdick

Abstract

The article offers an overview of the history and cultural representations in visual media from the 1860s onwards of French penal colonies or bagnes, and their status as graphic lieux de mémoire. It focuses specifically on French Guiana and New Caledonia and seeks to contextualise the portrayal of the motif in a varied corpus of bandes dessinées. The article argues that graphic history provides a unique forum in which aspects of the penal colonies about which there is little understanding – the transcolonial itineraries of convicts; the penal everyday; the role of carceral heritage as part of a useable past – are elucidated. Although some works primarily foreground celebrity bagnards such as Eugène Dieudonné or Henri Charrière (Papillon), albums such as those of Stéphane Blanco and Laurent Perrin allow the potential of the bande dessinée to create connections that are multilayered and multidirectional.

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Reports

Exhibitions, Publications, Films, Music and Conferences

Danila Mayer, Elizabeth Berk, Ali Abdi, Soheila Shahshahni, Latofat Tolibjonova, Trinidad Rico, Hassan Asif, and Fakhri Haghani

Exhibitions ‘Tuzlu Su – Saltwater: A Theory of Thought Forms’: The 14th Edition of the Istanbul Biennial of Contemporary Arts, 5 September – 1 November 2015

Publications Ellen Amster (2013), Medicine and the Saints: Science, Islam, and the Colonial Encounter in Morocco, 1877–1956, Austin, TX: University of Texas Press. 334 pp. US$30.00, ISBN: 9780292762114.

Madawi Al-Rasheed (2013), A Most Masculine State: Gender, Politics, and Religion in Saudi Arabia. London: Cambridge University Press. 352 pages. $26.28. ISBN-10: 052112252X.

Films Iran Burger, by Mas’ud Ja’fari Jowzani (2015).

Music Cultural Representations of New Uzbeks: Society, Music, Media

Conferences Islamic Pasts: Research Workshop, 10–11 December 2014, Doha, Qatar

Ethnography of Iran: Past and Present, 2–3 October 2015, Princeton University

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Representation without Emulation: German Cultural Diplomacy in Search of Integration and Self-Assurance during the Adenauer Era

Johannes Paulmann

The article investigates an essential characteristic of the Federal Republic of Germany's search for self-assurance in foreign cultural representations after World War II. A normative behavioral pattern, described here as an “attitude of restraint,” emerged during the Adenauer era, resulting in representations without emulation. The article focuses on German participation in world fairs-an example that reveals the multi-layered mechanisms linking diplomacy with culture, political attitudes with individual experiences and memories, and foreign relations with social conditions. The formation of an attitude of restraint constituted part of the long-term process of West German self-education and shaped cultural identities in the Federal Republic. The self-assurance re-found during the Adenauer era is placed in the context of political debates about the break with the Nazi past, defense against communist East Germany, and the selective turn toward an international modernity. Furthermore, the article offers an explanation regarding the diffusion of certain behavioral norms through everyday experience and practice.

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the Sociology of Military Knowledge in the IDF

From 'Forging' to 'Deciphering'

Zeev Lerer and Sarit Amram-Katz

This article discusses the links between military knowledge production and the cultural representations of war based on the Israeli experience during the past two decades. It argues that the locus of military knowledge production has moved from what can be described as 'forging knowledge' to 'deciphering knowledge'. This transition is linked to a crisis in the classic representation of war, which is based on the congruence between three binary signifiers: enemy, arena, and violence. The article asserts that the blurring of these three signifiers has created a Bourdieuian field of military knowledge production in which symbolic capital is obtained from the production of knowledge that deciphers the new uncertainty. The article follows the relations between the binaries and the types of knowledge that have been imported and translated in the IDF with regard to four major operational settings: the Oslo redeployment, the Second Intifada, the disengagement from Gaza, and the aftermath of the Second Lebanon War.

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Spiritual Beliefs and Ecological Traditions in Indigenous Communities in India

Enhancing Community-Based Biodiversity Conservation

Maria Costanza Torri and Thora Martina Herrmann

ARTICLE RETRACTED

From time immemorial, local and indigenous communities in India have developed traditions, representations, and beliefs about the forest and biodiversity. The cultural practices and beliefs of a community play a significant role in enhancing community-based initiatives, particularly in achieving sustainability in the long term. Nevertheless, too often conservation policies do not take into consideration the link between the culture of local communities and their environment. A comprehensive understanding of the relationship between cultural traditions and practices related to biodiversity and their current status and manifestations is crucial to the concept of effective and sustainable conservation policy. This article examines the traditional practices of the communities in the Sariska region (Rajasthan, India) as well as their beliefs and their values, underlining the special relationship that these tribal and indigenous communities maintain with the forest and their usefulness in community-based conservation. Some conclusive remarks on the importance of adapting conservation approaches to local cultural representations of the environment will be drawn.

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De-coding the Gendered Order of Memory in 'Hitlers Frauen'

Claudia Lenz and Kirsten Heinsohn

Building on the assumption that cultural representations of the past contribute to the establishment and regulation of gendered power relations, this article investigates the representations of female participation in the Nazi regime in the German television series Hitlers Frauen. Stuart Hall's concept of decoding is used for a critical media analysis, asking how men and women are positioned as historical agents or passive objects in the series. In fact, the series plays on the gendered symbols and representations associated with the Third Reich. It reproduces traditional ideas regarding the (non)relation between femininity and politics and evokes a sexualized imaginary where women are seduced by a powerful, charismatic leader. Women are represented as dependent-materially, physically, and emotionally. In this way, the television series contributes to the continuation of traditional gender regimes. Even when the series apparently reacts to ongoing debates about women's role within the Nazi system, it disappoints those who hoped to learn about the reasons, interests, and possibilities of women between 1933 and 1945.

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Beyond Representation

Technofeminisms and the Promise of Computing for Girls

Amélie Lemieux

legacies of Ada Lovelace and Hedy Lamarr to delving into the herstories of the Silicon Valley boom and cultural representations of women and technology in Hollywood movies, Blair articulates how women were able to hold their own and she points to all the