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Maria Ferretti and Enzo Rossi

Agonist theorists have argued against deliberative democrats that democratic institutions should not seek to establish a rational consensus, but rather allow political disagreements to be expressed in an adversarial form. But democratic agonism is not antagonism: some restriction of the plurality of admissible expressions is not incompatible with a legitimate public sphere. However, is it generally possible to grant this distinction between antagonism and agonism without accepting normative standards in public discourse that saliently resemble those advocated by (some) deliberative democrats? In this paper we provide an analysis of one important aspect of political communication, the use of slippery-slope arguments, and show that the fact of pluralism weakens the agonists' case for contestation as a sufficient ingredient for appropriately democratic public discourse. We illustrate that contention by identifying two specific kinds of what we call pluralism slippery slopes, that is, mechanisms whereby pluralism reinforces the efficacy of slippery-slope arguments.

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Deliberative Democracy

Taking Stock and Looking Ahead - Selen A. Ercan with André Bächtiger

Selen A. Ercan and André Bächtiger

parliamentary debates, I did not set out to test deliberative theory. Rather, I wanted to make a contribution to institutional theory and comparative politics, showing that different institutional settings can lead to higher-quality deliberation and more

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Dethroning Deliberation

A Response to Caspary

Jeff Jackson

quite reminiscent of deliberative democracy (though he does not connect his view with deliberative theory) are more central to Dewey’s thinking, particularly the practice of rationally weighing competing viewpoints in order to reach a mutually acceptable

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The Deliberative Potential of Facultative Referendums

Procedure and Substance in Direct Democracy

Alice el-Wakil

, e.g., Gastil and Richards 2013 ; Leib 2006 ; Urbinati 2006 ). The most recent, “systemic” development in deliberative theory has introduced innovative ways to discuss and even defend direct democratic arrangements from the deliberative perspective

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Jeffrey D. Hilmer and Max Halupka

(fugitive democracy), and Chantal Mouffe (agonistic democracy) (131ff.). But they are not without their shortcomings. Participatory theory is increasingly conflated with deliberative theory, thus too narrowly defining political participation (158). It is

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Free from State Violence or Free to Comply?

A Revised Typology of Coercion and Repression in Liberal Democracies

Barbora Capinska

strict deliberative theory, advocates the use of coercive methods in the narrow and therefore violent sense “in a context of preexisting inequality … to maintain basic rights, equal opportunity, and the other conditions that help participants approach the

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Anna Scolobig, Luigi Pellizzoni, and Chiara Bianchizza

given option. In this sense, policy context, process options and their outcomes represent “nested” issues in which the room for maneuvering can be tighter than deliberative theory is generally ready to recognize. Conclusion Building on evidence from two

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Bernard Matolino

of traditional African consensual practices, by examining the issues of immanence, pure deliberative rationality, and their implications for deliberative theory’ ( Ani 2014: 345 ). Thus what Ani seeks to do is to show why he cannot fully accept

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Sectarianism and Recognition in Iraq

From Consociationalism to Deliberation?

Nicolas Pirsoul

Iraq. The goal of this endeavor is to contribute to research on the theory of recognition in the Middle East and explore the mutually constitutive relations between recognition and deliberative theory in deeply divided societies. The article is

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Nadia Urbinati

For Habermas’s theory of postmetaphysical rationality as “reflective competence,” see Habermas (1981: 2) . 11 Within deliberative theory we witness the growing of an anti-electoral mentality and practice, as for instance the deliberative fora, the