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Tailoring Truth

Memory Construction and Whitewashing the Nazi Past from Below

Mikkel Dack

years later, following the collapse of the regime, Becker filled out another questionnaire, this one for the u.s. Military Government as part of denazification proceedings. In this form, his language and tone were much different. He disclosed no

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Lauren Schwartz

How, in the aftermath of National Socialism and World War II, was the memory landscape of Munich and Bavaria denazified under the Office of the Military Government of the United States? Supplementing existing cultural approaches and scholarship on denazification in Bavaria, this article considers the execution of Allied Control Council Directive Number 30 by the American occupation government (omgus) in Bavaria, in conjunction with appropriated native Bavarian bureaucracies and bureaucrats, to inventory and assess the built environment in order to register militaristic or Nazi monuments and prioritize their removal or modification. The limitations of the project to renew or restore the monument landscape confront in turn the limitations on the “bureaucratic manufacture of memory” in the modification of individual memory.

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Daniela R. P. Weiner

At the end of the Second World War, education was seen by the Allies as a powerful tool in the remaking of postwar Europe. The Allies believed that the denazification, reorientation, and reeducation of Italian and German children through schools and

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Introduction

Innocence and the Politics of Memory

Jonathan Bach and Benjamin Nienass

reclaim that innocence by proclaiming Germany as the innocent victim. After World War II, denazification and courts established administrative and legal boundaries within which claims of innocence could be formulated and adjudicated, while the “zero hour

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Gavriel D. Rosenfeld, The World Hitler Never Made (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005)

Reviewed by Sheri Berman

Terri Givens, Voting Radical Right in Western Europe (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005)

Reviewed by David Art

Steinar Stjernø, Solidarity in Europe: The History of an Idea (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004)

Reviewed by Aaron P. Boesenecker

David Monod, Settling Scores: German Music, Denazification, and the Americans, 1945-1953 (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2005).

Reviewed by Ivan Raykoff

Patricia Mazón and Reinhild Steingröver, eds., Not So Plain as Black and White: Afro-German Culture and History, 1890-2000 (Rochester: University of Rochester Press, 2005)

Reviewed by Karen M. Eng

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Remembering the “Forgotten Zone”

Recasting the Image of the Post-1945 French Occupation of Germany

Corey Campion

unlike Lord Vansittart in England and Henry Morgenthau, Jr. in the United States, Vermeil believed that National Socialism was the product of an inherent German character flaw that demanded harsh treatment and a thorough denazification and

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The District Leadership Cadre of the Stasi

Who Were These Men and Why Did They Not Crush Mass Protest in 1989?

Uwe Krähnke, Anja Zschirpe, Philipp Reimann, and Scott Stock Gissendanner

leadership and were the “willing executioners” of the party’s claim to total control. Both generations profited from denazification and other purges of established elites conducted by the Soviets and, later, by the sed regime. The integrated generation

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Ernst Leitz of Wetzlar and Helping the Persecuted

Scope of the Research and Some Reflections

Frank Dabba Smith

prosecutor of the denazification court, 6 March 1947, Hessisches Hauptstaatsarchiv Wiesbaden HHStAW, Bestand 520/F in K.1991. 16 Wiedl, ‘Der liberale Demokrat’, 127. 17 Donna Harsch, German Social Democracy and the Rise of Nazism (Chapel Hill, NC

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Thomas Klikauer, Norman Simms, Helge F. Jani, Bob Beatty, and Nicholas Lokker

being one of the five or six leading personalities of the modern German people, and the only one whose charisma would have been a match for Hitler. 7 In the period after Nazi Germany, Neiman says, “almost everyone lied during their denazification

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David F. Patton

party reportedly encouraged its supporters to heckle and disrupt a political event. 24 A fierce critic of denazification policies, the bhe , which may have had the most ex-Nazi functionaries as party officials, helped overcome the postwar blockade