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Desired formality

Labor migration, black markets, and the state in Chile

Sofía Ugarte

bureaucracies in charge of migration management and control. Here, formal labor can be understood as an object of desire. I follow Lauren Berlant's proposal of an object of desire as “a cluster of promises we want someone or something to make possible for us

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Reading Desires

Romanian Pimps Striving for Success in the Transnational Street Economy

Trine Mygind Korsby

transnational business. I introduce the concepts of “reading desires” and “instillation of love” through which I argue that the pimps are highly socially skilled in distinct social domains, which enables them to read and “access” the desires of others

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‘Need’ and ‘Desire’ in Shakespeare's Sonnets and Mawlana's Ghazals

A Levinasian Reading

Seyedeh Sahar Mortazavi, Zahra Jannessari Ladani, and Hossein Pirnajmuddin

have similar philosophical views concerning the concepts of satiable and a-satiable desire, concepts that have theoretically been put forth by French philosopher Emmanuel Levinas whose views provided the ground necessary for the argument of this

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Pakeezah: Dreamscape of Desire

Richard Allen and Ira Bhaskar

This article describes how Kamal Amrohi's Pakeezah distils the idioms of the historical courtesan film, poised as they are between the glorification of courtesan culture and lamenting the debased status of the courtesan; between a nostalgic yearning for the feudal world of the kotha and a utopian desire to escape from it. The article argues that Pakeezah self-consciously defines the particular “chronotope”, or space-time, of the historical courtesan genre by showing that nothing less than a transformation of the idioms of that genre is required to liberate the courtesan from her claustrophobic milieu—whose underlying state is one of enervation and death—into the open space and lived time of modernity.

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Fraternal Friendship and Commemorative Desire

Danny Kaplan and Niza Yanay

Based on a case study of Israeli men's friendships, this article examines the inter-relations between the experience of male relationships in everyday life and established representations of fraternal friendship. We delineate a script for male bonding that echoes ancient epics of heroism. This script holds a mythic structure for making sense of friendship in everyday life and places male relatedness under the spectral ideal of death. Whereas various male-to-male arenas present diverse and often displaced expressions of male affection, we contend that sites of commemoration present a unique instance in which desire between men is publicly declared and legitimized. The collective rituals for the dead hero-friends serve as a mask that transforms a repudiated personal sentiment into a national genre of relatedness. We interpret fraternal friendship as a form of private/public identification/desire whereby the citizen brother becomes, via collective rituals of commemoration, the desired brother.

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Desire versus Horniness

Sexual Relations in the Collectivist Society of Tajikistan

Colette Harris

Desire focuses on a particular object, while horniness stems from a generalized feeling of sexual arousal. In Tajikistan, people are discouraged from the former and are expected to experience their sexuality as the latter. The story of Rustam and the clashes with his father Malik over the choice of his bride serve to demonstrate the tensions between the two types of sexuality. Women have more difficulties experiencing desire than men, owing to the reification of the hymen and their expected subordination to their husbands. The conceptual differences between Rustam and his father are to some extent due to differences between collectivism and individualism. The concluding discussion suggests that Western culture may be less individualistic in this regard than is often believed.

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Fate, Agency, and the Economy of Desire in Chinese Ritual and Society

P. Steven Sangren

For many Western observers, Chinese religion and cosmology appear rife with contradictions, among them the recurrent motif in litera- ture and myth of preordination or fate, on the one hand, and a relentless attempt, through ritual means, to discern, control, or change fate, on the other. This article argues that the obsession with fate and luck is best comprehended with reference to desire understood as a human universal. Underlying one's hope to control the future lies a psychologically more fundamental wish to claim ownership of one's being. I argue that fate and luck are operators in a symbolic economy that implicitly posits what Freud terms the 'omnipotence of thoughts'. Moreover, if the underlying principle of Chinese notions of fate and luck can be termed an 'economy of desire', it is a principle that also coordinates and encompasses Chinese patriliny, family dynamics, and wider collective institutions.

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The Aesthetic of Desire and the Feminine Path of Individuation

The Case of Forough Farrokhzad

Mahdieh Vali-Zadeh

what I call ‘the poetics of individuation’ in Forough's lyrics and her developmental path related to the expression of love. To fill this gap, the focus of the current article is on analysing the developmental aesthetic of desire in Forough's poems

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Being-for-itself and the Ontological Structure

Can Being-for-itself Avoid Bad Faith?

Ronald E. Santoni

regard to its desire , as Sartre claims, to be “ Being-in-Itself-For-Itself ”, or what he calls “God” and the ens causa sui? Given that Sartre regards the pursuit of this “God,” or simply of Being , to be in bad faith, two intertwined concerns

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The Desire to Help

Vernacular Humanitarian Imaginaries in China

Jiazhi Fengjiang

-night dinners and karaoke. Such place-based (versus organisation-based) research allowed me to gain insights into the entanglement of their desires and imaginaries with local sociality and politics beyond the space and time of volunteering. As Liisa Malkki