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Early Modern Terminology for Dialect

Denigration, Purism, and the Language-Dialect Dichotomy

Raf Van Rooy and Alexander Maxwell

The early modern period witnessed great terminological diversity in grammar, lexicography, philology, and other proto-linguistic sciences. Among other things, scholars proposed a variety of new terms related to the novel language-dialect dichotomy

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The Functioning of the Anabar Dolgan Language and the Dialect Vocabulary of the Sakha Language

Ninel V. Malysheva, Marina I. Kysylbaikova, and Aitalina V. Timofeeva

, Turkic Sakha (or Sakha-speaking groups), and later Zatundra Russian peasants ( Dolgikh 1963 ). As Stapert points out, if we consider the Dolgan language only from a linguistic point of view, “Dolgan may well be considered a dialect of Sakha, but as soon

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Belonging through Languagecultural Practices in the Periphery

The Politics of Carnival in the Dutch Province of Limburg

Leonie Cornips and Vincent De Rooij

In this article, we will present two case studies of language and cultural practices that are part of or strongly related to carnival, in the Dutch peripheral province of Limburg, and more precisely in the southern Limburgian city of Heerlen, which in turn is considered peripheral vis-à-vis the provincial capital Maastricht. We will consider carnival as a political force field in which opposing language and cultural practices are involved in the production of belonging as an official, public-oriented 'formal structure' of membership, and belonging as a personal, intimate feeling of being 'at home' in a place (place-belongingness) (Antonsich 2010; Yuval-Davis 2006). In the case studies presented here, we take seriously the idea that ideology, linguistic form and the situated use of language are dialectically related (Silverstein 1985). In doing so, we wish to transcend disciplinary boundaries between anthropology and (socio)linguistics in Europe.

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The Dynamics of Language Endangerment

A Comparative Study

Brigitte Pakendorf

, even though all the indigenous inhabitants of Siberia were subject to the effects of colonization and Sovietization, there are big differences in vitality between individual languages and even between dialects of one language (cf. Vakhtin 2001: 85

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“My Visa Application Was Denied, I Decided to Go Anyway”

Interpreting, Experiencing, and Contesting Visa Policies and the (Im)mobility Regime in Algeria

Farida Souiah

a visa. In the Maghrebi dialects, “those who burn” the borders, harragas, are those who leave without documentation. The word reflects the fact that they do not respect the mandatory steps for legal departure. Also, they figuratively “burn” their

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Le désir poétisé ou le goût des Fleurs du mal (poésie maure de Mauritanie / poésie arabe antéislamique)

Corinne Fortier

, de joie, et de souffrance ( Roubaud 1994 : 166 ). Un sentiment où se mêle plaisir et tourments n'est-ce pas la définition même du désir ? Dans la société maure, le ghazal , dont le véhicule privilégié est le dialectal, traduit mieux les

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Jodenhoeks

The Amsterdam Jewish Dialect and Its Influence upon the Dutch Language

Justus van de Kamp

Until 1940 Amsterdam had a significant and largely lower-class Jewish population. The Yiddish and Portuguese languages of this community melted with Dutch and immigrant influences into a specific Amsterdam Jewish dialect. This idiom had a considerable influence on the Dutch language, especially after the death of its speakers during World War Two.

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'Is There Any Boudin on the Moon?'

Depicting Cajun Ethnicity in Bec Doux et ses amis

Fabrice Leroy

The Bec Doux et ses amis comics series, written by Cajun authors in Cajun French, is little known outside of its native French-speaking Louisiana. Although it can be inscribed within the wider Cajun ethnic revival that began in the late 1960s, it constitutes a unique example of graphic self-representation in this field of cultural productions. This article examines how the series' use of regional French, in the context of increasing acculturation by a dominant English-speaking America, is not only a statement of cultural resistance, but also a creative negotiation of communication with a dialectal readership, within the comics format. The article also focuses on the iconic effectiveness of the series, and more specifically on its nuanced and authentic depiction of the Cajun minority's ethnic habitus, in order to understand the complexities of such cultural self-caricature.

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From Crime to Cultural Heritage

Cross-border Activities and Relationships in the Tornio River Valley

Helena Ruotsala

This article concentrates on one particular local cross-border activity carried on after the Second World War. This was a type of smuggling called joppaus in the local dialect, a practice which was enabled by the post-war economic recession and the scarcity of goods from which Finland suffered. This form of unauthorised economy is said to have been responsible for the rapid revival of the region and its inhabitants after the destruction inflicted by the war. The standard of living in the Tornio River Valley has been better than in the north of Finland in general, and this has been explained in part by this type of smuggling. Furthermore, in the last few decades joppaus has become part of the local cultural heritage.

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Screening the East, Probing the Past: The Baltic Sea in Contemporary German Cinema

Alexandra Ludewig

Since the fall of the Berlin Wall, unification, and the subsequent reinvention

of the nation, German filmmakers have revisited their

country’s cinematic traditions with a view to placing themselves creatively

in the tradition of its intellectual and artistic heritage. One of

the legacies that has served as a point of a new departure has been

the Heimatfilm, or homeland film. As a genre it is renowned for its

restorative stance, as it often features dialect and the renunciation of

current topicality, advocates traditional gender roles, has antimodern

overtones of rural, pastoral, often alpine, images, and expresses

a longing for premodern times, for “the good old days” that supposedly

still exist away from the urban centres. The Nazis used Heimat

films in an effort “to idealize ‘Bauerntum’ as the site of desirable traditions

and stereotyped the foreign (most often the urban) as the

breeding ground for moral decay.”