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“Must Be Clean, Safe and Discreet”

The Lexicon of Discretion in Men's Same-Sex Online Hook-Ups

Joseph De Lappe, Gavin Brown, and Cesare Di Feliciantonio

On social media hook-up apps for same-sex attracted men such as Grindr or FabGuys, it is not unusual to read requests for “discretion” or that potential sexual partners should be “discreet.” The requests frequently use related terms such as “clean

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Poverty and Shame

Interactional Impacts on Claimants of Chinese Dibao

Jian Chen and Lichao Yang

which to discuss how dibao and shame are intrinsically connected in relation to discretion, rights, and negotiation. The Dibao System in China Chinese society is characterized by a strong rural-urban dichotomy. Most government policies are shaped by

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Granting ‘Human Dignity’

How Emotions and Professional Ethos Make Public Services

Sophie Andreetta

the official and unofficial goals that they are working towards ( Spire 2008 ). Most of these scholars demonstrate that the way civil servants exercise discretion, particularly when dealing with migrants, contributes to reducing access to public

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Workings of the State

Administrative Lists, European Union Food Aid, and the Local Practices of Distribution in Rural Romania

Ştefan Dorondel and Mihai Popa

In this article we analyze local distribution practices within an EU food aid program in Romania. We show that an understanding of this program's implementation can contribute to our understanding of how the state works in present-day Romania and, more generally, to the anthropology of the state. We examine the ways in which local-level bureaucrats gain discretion and exercise it when implementing the program. By securing greater control over a scarce transnational resource, local officials are able to shape national policy according to local distributive models. The described distribution process is conducive to community building, although in very different ways in the two rural settings being studied. We argue for a relational analysis of the workings of the state that explores the embeddedness of local actors and their participation in historically shaped power relations.

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The sanctioning state

Official permissiveness and prohibition in India

Ajay Gandhi

to sanction these migrants’ presence is expressed in the spaces between competing, unevenly resourced institutional blocs, and in officials’ everyday habits of discretion and discrimination. Before we examine the historical and contemporary

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The State, Legal Rigor, and the Poor

The Daily Practice of Welfare Control

Vincent Dubois

This article focuses on the means by which the state controls welfare recipients in France. The paradox of these actions, which are made in the name of legal rigor but are characterized by ambivalence and the discretionary power of grassroots agents, reveals the broader functioning of a government over the poor. These actions are based on the combination of a multitude of individual relationships, which, although unevenly coordinated, derive from the structural rationale of the post-welfare era. Individualization and uncertainty signal not so much a disaggregation of the state as a consistent mode of governance in which discretion and leeway accorded to street-level bureaucrats are necessary for the state to exert power over citizens' behaviors.

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Sisyphean Struggles

Encounters and Interactions within Two US Public Housing Programs

Erika Gubrium, Sabina Dhakal, Laura Sylvester, and Aline Gubrium

despair and paralysis, limiting action. Thus, when welfare systems engage in shaming they are potentially counter-effective (Gubrium et al. 2014; Walker et al. 2013 ). We operationalize the concepts of rights, discretion, and negotiation in the service

Open access

Social Media and the Commodification of Attention/Inattention in the Changing Egyptian Belly Dance Industry

Margaret L. Morley

assumptions and question the extent to which they apply to the members of society made more vulnerable by inequalities of gender, race, class, and more. I will demonstrate that such inequities contribute to the commodification of discretion and inattention

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Antipoverty Measures

The Potential for Shaming and Dignity Building through Delivery Interactions

Erika Gubrium and Sony Pellissery

. Our analysis focuses on how the elements of rights, discretion, and negotiation shape service provision interactions. The findings offer an empirical basis for identifying how shame may be reflected in provider discourses and for identifying the

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Building Dignity?

Tracing Rights, Discretion, and Negotiation within a Norwegian Labor Activation Program

Erika Gubrium, Leah Johnstone, and Ivar Lødemel

participants. Our aim is to explore how the presence of a labor activation ethos within social assistance shapes and changes the balance of rights, discretion, and negotiation that are available to and mark the interactions between service providers and program