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Upward mobility in a forgotten tribe

Notes on the "creamy layer" problem

Megan Moodie

Public discussions of recent demands by the Gujjars of Rajasthan, India, for inclusion on the list of the state's affirmative action beneficiaries have often veered away from the legitimacy of their claims and toward whether elite Gujjar leaders can speak for less educated and less affluent community members. This article examines how this latter set of questions-often described as the “creamy layer“ problem in reference to a group's elite who have “risen to the top“ and need to be “skimmed off“-can obscure the real workings of affirmative action on the ground and the limitations encountered by groups seeking upward mobility. Ethnographic research with the Dhanka tribe reveals deep concerns that upwardly mobile groups are in danger of downward mobility without the protection of affirmative action-based hiring practices, and that middle class elites within the tribe can be important political advocates for others within the community.

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The Punctum and the Past

Sartre and Barthes on Memory and Fascination

Patrick Eldridge

mental image that relates the mind to another absent object), Sartre holds that memory involves a double consciousness . There is only a simple object, but memory has a complex structure of intentions relating to it. In La transcendence de l’égo Sartre

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Introduction

Transnationalism and Transgenerationalism in the Middle East and Its Diasporas

G. J. Breyley

Interactions across the Middle East and between the region and the rest of the world have arguably intensified in recent years, from shifts in economic and cultural relations to unprecedented levels and changing forms of migration. In response, anthropologists and others working in the social sciences and humanities have deepened their collective investigation of transnationalism, approaching this theme and the questions it raises in diverse ways (see Alsultany and Shohat 2013; Chatty 2015; Graw and Schielke 2012; Hage 2005; Kearney 1995; Naficy 2003, 1999; Silverstein 2015; Vertovec 2009). Many scholars have explored the limitations of thinking in ‘national’ categories, while at the same time observing the persistence of this way of thinking and its effects on the everyday lives of those who live transnationally or experience ‘the diasporic condition’. Jumana Bayeh (2014: 19) suggests that: ‘Defined by alterity, double consciousness and a fragmented identity, the diasporic condition, like the figure of the foreigner, accepts the dis-integrated subjectivity of the self and in turn exposes the nation-state’s own internal heterogeneity’. The articles in this interdisciplinary special issue variously address these and other aspects of the diasporic condition in several different Middle Eastern and diasporic contexts.

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Ocean, Motion, Emotion

Mobilities and Mobilizations in the Pacific

Matt Matsuda

, the University of Wollongong, July 2013. 2 Paul Gilroy, The Black Atlantic: Modernity and Double Consciousness (Cambridge MA: Harvard University Press, 1993); Sugata Bose, A Hundred Horizons: The Indian Ocean in the Age of Global Empire (Cambridge

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Enacting inclusivity in the preparation of emerging scholars

A response to programme reform in higher education

Saran Stewart, Chayla Haynes, and Kristin Deal

advance others in the aspiration of becoming a faculty member. The analysis presented a set of four interwoven themes: performing, double consciousness, reconciliation, and renewal and accountability. Together, I refer to this process as socialisation by

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Black Moves

Moments in the History of African-American Masculine Mobilities

Tim Cresswell

particular forms of consciousness. Paul Gilroy has famously written of the “Black Atlantic” as a mobile site of hybridity where “double consciousness” emerged. 34 He manages to turn the most oppressive of mobilities into a celebration of nomadic cross

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Rethinking the Margins with André Schwarz-Bart

From The Last of the Just and A Woman Named Solitude to the Posthumous Narratives

Kathleen Gyssels

even invisible to his own ‘spiritual family’ of writers, mourns a Haim Schuster in Morning Star (MS 155). The double consciousness 60 is characteristic of colonial and Jewish subjects, as Gilroy aptly stresses in the subtitle of Black Atlantic

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Minority Report

Perceptions and Realities of Black Men in Heterosexual Porn

Darryl L. Jones II

. Acknowledgements I would like to thank my interviewees for their time and the thoughtful insight they provided on their careers and experiences in the industry. References Allen , Ernest . 1997 . “ On the Reading of Riddles: Rethinking Du Boisian ‘Double

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Alejandro Miranda

(2001): 609–621. 45 Paul Gilroy, The Black Atlantic: Modernity and Double Consciousness (London: Verso, 1993), 72–110. 46 This description is based on field notes regarding a fandango in Santa Ana, California, 2 August 2013. 47 My translation. 48 The

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Staying out of Place

The Being and Becoming of Burundian Refugees in the Camp and the City

Simon Turner

.” Copenhagen : Centre for Development Research . Gilroy , Paul . 1987 . There Ain’t No Black in the Union Jack: The Cultural Politics of Race and Nation . London : Hutchinson . Gilroy , Paul . 1993 . The Black Atlantic: Modernity and Double