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“There Was No Genocide in Rwanda”

History, Politics, and Exile Identity among Rwandan Rebels in the Eastern Congo Conflict

Anna Hedlund

This article analyzes how the 1994 genocide in Rwanda is recalled and described by members of a Hutu rebel group, the Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Rwanda (FDLR) whose leadership can be linked to the 1994 atrocities in Rwanda. The article explores how individuals belonging to this rebel group, currently operating in the eastern territories of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), articulate, contest, and oppose the dominant narrative of the Rwandan genocide. Based on ethnographic fieldwork with members of the FDLR in a rebel camp, this article shows how a community of exiled fighters and second-generation Hutu refugees contest the official version of genocide by constructing a counterhistory of it. Through organized practices such as political demonstrations and military performances, it further shows how political ideologies and violence are being manufactured and reproduced within a setting of military control.

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Introduction

The Longitudinal Ethnography of Violence

Lidewyde H. Berckmoes, Marie Rosenkrantz Lindegaard, and Dennis Rodgers

in Southern Africa .” Journal of Southern African Studies 36 ( 2 ): 263 – 283 . Hedlund , Anna . 2020 . Hutu Rebels: Exile Warriors in the Eastern Congo . Philadelphia : University of Pennsylvania Press . Herbert , Steve. 2000 . “ For

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A Social Negotiation of Hope

Male West African Youth, ‘Waithood’ and the Pursuit of Social Becoming through Football

Christian Ungruhe and James Esson

. “ ‘I Am an Intellectual’: War, Youth and Higher Education in Goma (Eastern Congo) .” AnthropoChildren 6 . http://popups.ulg.ac.be/2034-8517/index.php?id=2489 (accessed 4 November 2016 ). Pelican , Michaela , and Jan P. Heiss . 2014

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(Mis)Leading the Reader

Decolonising Adventure Comics in Baruti and Cassiau-Haurie's Le Singe jaune

Alicia Lambert

and traumatised families, but also keeps being perpetuated in the exploitation of coltan mines and other minerals in Eastern Congo. The comic stresses the importance of moving away from material interests to focus on human relationships, and to embrace

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Looking for the child soldier

The judicial investigation in the case of Thomas Lubanga Dyilo

Milena Jakšić

's team of investigators drew up an initial list of incidents ‘of potential interest’, that is, that the ICC could prosecute. Each province in eastern Congo was looked at to identify crime scenes. The investigators’ attention quickly focused on the Ituri

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Blurred memories

War and disaster in a Buddhist Sinhala village

Mara Benadusi

, Nandini , and Mark Schuller . 2008 . Capitalizing on catastrophe: Neoliberal strategies in disaster reconstruction . Lanham, MD : Altamira Press . Hedlund , Anna . 2014 . Exile warriors: Violence and community among Hutu rebels in the Eastern

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Moving Onward?

Secondary Movers on the Fringes of Refugee Mobility in Kakuma Refugee Camp, Kenya

Jolien Tegenbos and Karen Büscher

various and mixed reasons. The following example of twenty-seven-year-old Antoine illustrates the complexity of how mobility is practiced in wartime situations. Antoine said he was born in Bukavu in eastern Congo as the grandson of a Burundian refugee

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Becoming a Fearless Tiger

The Social Conditions for the Production of LTTE Fighters

Giacomo Mantovan

the Tamil Tigers . Philadelphia : University of Pennsylvania Press . Hedlund , Anna . 2020 . Hutu Rebels: Exile Warriors in the Eastern Congo . Philadelphia : Pennsylvania University Press . Hellmann-Rajanayagam , Dagmar . 2005 . “ And

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Book Reviews

Steven Brooke, Dafne Accoroni, Olga Ulturgasheva, Anastasios Panagiotopoulos, Eugenia Roussou, Francesco Vacchiano, Jeffrey D. Howison, Susan Greenwood, Yvonne Daniel, Joana Bahia, Gloria Goodwin Raheja, Charles Lincoln Vaughan, Katrien Pype, and Linda van de Kamp

cosmopolitan Kenyan man, who travel together through Kenyan cities and villages to eastern Congo, and their continued conversations online. Here already one of the lesser-known aspects of long-standing ethnographic research is revealed: the intimacy of