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Richard H. Robbins

—money, debt, and economic growth—have been largely undertheorized by classical economists, which has consequently obscured, unintentionally or otherwise, vulnerabilities in our political economy and seriously distorted economic policy. To understand our

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Overconsumption as Ideology

Implications for Addressing Global Climate Change

Diana Stuart, Ryan Gunderson, and Brian Petersen

, who has become essential for sustaining high rates of production and economic growth. Raoul Martinez (2017) describes strategic decisions aimed to create worker-consumers. For example, following industrial disputes in 1919 and a surge in socialist

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Fernando Antonio Ignacio González, Maria Emma Santos, and Silvia London

, G. , Sanchez , E. , & Segarra , V. ( 2020 ). Clustering and regime dynamics for economic growth and income inequality . Structural Change and Economic Dynamics 52 , 99 – 108 . doi: 10.1016/j.strueco.2019.09.010 . 10.1016/j.strueco.2019

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Johannes Fedderke

The definition of what precisely we mean by poverty is controversial. Yet empirical evidence establishes firmly that both the gap between the richest and the poorest countries in the world has been widening (as measured in terms of per capita GDP) since 1960, and that since independence a number of the very poorest countries in the world have experienced negative growth in per capita GDP. Regardless of whether one is concerned with relative or absolute conceptions of poverty, therefore, it is difficult to argue that poverty has not become a problem of greater urgency.

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Syed Shahbaz Hussain and Pirzada Sami Ullah Sabri

This article analyzes and explores what policies Pakistan adopted to tackle its environmental challenges, effects and outcomes. The research consists of an overview of Pakistan's national environmental policy development and explains the motives and reasons to understand in what context the state formulates these policies. It also makes assessments and evaluations about to what extent policies are successful in achieving their objectives. The study suggests some implications of the Pakistan experience to cope with the global challenges of environmental protection.

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D.M.G. Sutherland

Claude Langlois's work on the French Revolution captures the experience of ordinary people in the country as a whole. Against an interpretation that sees the Revolution as resulting in a secular, modernized France, he emphasizes the ambiguity and uncertainties of the outcome. He is above all interested in assessing the impact of the Revolution on the Church. Although the Revolution had a profound impact on the personnel, landscape, finances, and politics of the Church, the Concordat created the conditions for recovery. There were restorations in pastoral care and practices but in addition, there were also ruptures, especially in the long term. Alongside a nineteenth century of unexpected piety, there were also regions and groups of low practice and indifference. The article also discusses Langlois's contributions to the political history of the coup of 1799, and to population studies.

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Manufacturing a Multifunctional Countryside

Operational Landscapes, Urban Desire, and the French State, 1945–1976

Venus Bivar

The story of postwar France, of les trente glorieuses , is typically imagined as a story of economic growth and urban modernity. At the end of the Second World War, France was still a largely rural and agricultural nation. Farming employed a full

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The Economics of Decolonisation

Institutions, Education and Elite Formation

Nicola Viegi

economic development and the interaction between political history and modern economic growth. It is a stimulating and ever-expanding literature, which has its roots in the new institutional economics pioneered by Douglas North (1990) and the public

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“Amazing Rapidity”

Time, Public Credit, and David Hume's Political Discourses

Edward Jones Corredera

stimulate commerce and foster economic growth to regulate the happiness of the individual. “In times when industry and the arts flourish,” a virtuous cycle of labor stimulated the self and the economy as “men are kept in perpetual occupation, and enjoy, as

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Narratives of Development

An Anthropological Investigation into Narratives as a Source of Enquiry in Development Planning

Taapsi Ramchandani

example of it for future development projects. In order fully to apprehend the context within which economic growth has taken place, the IGO hired me to do a five-week study of the historical, social and economic factors that have contributed to CBC