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Richard Westra

Introduction Mainstream Green thinking on eco-sustainable social change subdivides into two broad genres. 1 One holds that eco-sustainability can be wrung out of the current economy by making prices sensitive to ecological costs (Speth 2009). This

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Multiscalar moral economy

Global agribusiness, rural Zambian residents, and the distributed crowd

Tijo Salverda

Beginning with Edward P. Thompson's (1971 , 1991) and James C. Scott's (1976 , 2000) seminal contributions, the moral economy concept has traveled in various directions. For Thompson and Scott, as well as in recent contributions (e

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Hege Høyer Leivestad and Johanna Markkula

not afford to come to a halt. The shipping giant's bankruptcy, finally declared in 2017, was in many ways an announced death. Since the 2008 economic recession, a weakened economy hit a shipping sector that, based on previously high freight costs and

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Forgotten moralities of agrarian economy in Bali

Production and exchange, business and friendship

Graeme MacRae

The moral dimension of agrarian economies Agrarian economies are based on the provisioning of human communities, by way of managed technological interventions into ecological processes and systems of exchange, distribution, and consumption of the

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Bjørn Schiermer

This article attempts to put forward new perspectives on solidarity in Durkheim's work, useful for an understanding of contemporary reality. First, it sketches why his modern 'cult of man' should be understood as an instance of mechanical solidarity, and discusses how to generalize this scenario and move beyond the idea of the 'cult of man' as mechanical solidarity's sole modern instance. Next, it investigates some of the shortcomings of Durkheim's diagnosis of modernity itself. This is in an effort to show how these shortcomings – reflected in his critique of the modern economy, his interactionism, his focus on the whole and his insensitivity to the ephemeral and aesthetic – led Durkheim to overlook the persistence of mechanical solidarity in the modern world and hindered him from developing the explanatory potential of his sociology of religion in a modern context. The article then explores the dynamic, decentred, 'individualized' and mediated nature of contemporary forms of collective formation by selectively extrapolating from the relation in Durkheim's work between the individual and the social. Finally, in returning to the question of mechanical solidarity in modern society, it outlines the contours of a concept of collective consciousness applicable to a modern setting.

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Economy, Society, the State

The Revival of Political Economy

David Reisman

It’s all in Marshall: ‘Political Economy or Economics is a study of mankind in the ordinary business of life; it examines that part of individual and social action which is most closely connected with the attainment and with the use of the material requisites of wellbeing’ (Marshall, 1890 [1949]: 1). Well-being is better than ill-being. Production, consumption, distribution and exchange make us feel better off in our own estimation. The clergyman saves souls. The doctor saves bodies. The banker saves savings. The economist saves wellbeing. We all do what we can.

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Beyond Economy and Religion

Resources and Socio-cosmic Fields in Odisha, India

Roland Hardenberg

purposes (see Hemme et al. 2007 ). For more than 40 years, Marshall Sahlins (2013: 163) has questioned what he has recently referred to, citing John Quiggins, as “zombie economic ideas.” By this phrase, Sahlins means that “the economy” is not seen as an

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Kai Krüger

German Economic History The social market economy is the foundation of our country's economic success. 1 —Angela Merkel … an export article made in Germany. 2 —Economics Minister Peter Altmaier on the German economic system

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Dave Elder-Vass

The significance of giving as a contemporary socio-economic practice has been obscured both by mainstream economics and by the influence of the anthropological tradition. Andrew Sayer’s concept of moral economy offers a more fruitful framework for an economic sociology of contemporary giving, and one that appears to be largely consistent with social quality approaches. This article analyzes giving from the perspective of moral economy, questioning the view that giving is a form of exchange, and opening up the prospect of seeing it as the outcome of a more complex constellation of causal factors. It uses examples from the digital economy, in particular the phenomenon of open-source software, which nicely illustrates both the progressive potential of digital gifts and the ways in which they can be absorbed into the commercial economy.

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Christopher S. Allen

Henry Farrell, The Political Economy of Trust: Institutions, Interests and Interfirm Cooperation in Italy and Germany (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2009).

Jeremy Leaman, The Political Economy of Germany under Chancellors Kohl and Schroeder: Decline of the German Model? (New York: Berghahn, 2009)

Wolfgang Streeck, Re-Forming Capitalism: Institutional Change in the German Political Economy (New York: Oxford University Press, 2009)