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Franco Ruzzenenti and Aleksandra Wagner

Energy efficiency, in the context of rising environmental concerns and the perennial alarm regarding energy security, is more than the merely serendipitous result of technological progress within the narrow field of energy processes. It is not

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Neil Hibbert

This paper examines the prospects for social justice in a democratic community that is justified through the idea of contractual exchange as a cooperative scheme for mutual advantage. Common assumptions concerning the narrow institutional range of the mutual advantage framework are argued against, clearing away certain tensions between exchange and markets and equality and the welfare state. However, it is maintained that the principle of equality must further condition institutional formation beyond efficiency to satisfy the requirements of social justice. It is further advanced that the interest-based motivation in the idea of efficient exchange can be maintained in an egalitarian framework, when the shared interests and expectations of citizenship constitute an equal political baseline, from which universal social entitlement can be justified.

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La santé dans les pays en développement

Défaillances de l'aide, équité et légitimité

Mamadou Barry, Bruno Boidin, and Stéphane Tizio

*Full article is in French

English abstract: The aim of this article is to study the efficiency of health aid through an analysis of recommendations made by those working in development assistance. The central focus concerns the legitimacy of these recommendations. We show that recent directions in health aid still neglect equity and sustainability issues. We also discuss how to introduce ethical considerations into health aid.

Spanish abstract: Este artículo examina las condiciones de la eficiencia de la ayuda para la salud, dadas las opciones de políticas de salud preconizadas por los actores de la ayuda al desarrollo. La pregunta sobre la legitimidad de estas preconizaciones constituye el centro de la reflexión. El artículo muestra que las recientes orientaciones en la ayuda al desarrollo en el campo de la salud dejan de lado asuntos de equidad y sostenibilidad de las políticas. En este contexto se proponen pistas que permitan introducir consideraciones éticas en la ayuda a la salud.

French abstract: Cet article s'interroge sur les conditions d'efficacité de l'aide à la santé compte tenu des options de politiques de santé préconisées par les acteurs de l'aide au développement. La question de la légitimité de ces préconisations est au cœur de notre réflexion. Nous montrons que les orientations récentes de l'aide au développement dans le domaine de la santé négligent toujours les questions d'équité et de soutenabilité des politiques. Nous proposons alors des pistes perme ant d'introduire des considérations éthiques dans l'aide à la santé.

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Wal-Mart Goes To Germany

Culture, Institutions, and the Limits of Globalization

Matthias Kaelberer

example of creating efficiencies in the retail sector. Once Wal-Mart had reached a certain saturation point in its domestic American market, internationalization of the company’s retail business became a new area of activity during the 1990s. Given Wal

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Elias L. Khalil

so, the reduction of exploitation would necessarily entail the increase of efficiency, that is the expected wellbeing per capita. This article arrives at a definitive answer, called here the ‘Impossibility Result’: when a group, say society X, acts

Open access

Jon Schubert

declarations and speed up maritime imports and the increasingly grim realities of a blocked import economy almost at a standstill. Focusing on the way importers, customs brokers ( despachantes ), and customs agents improvise to straddle the new efficiency

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Karen Pearlman

. However, the rightness of feeling does not necessarily arise from efficiency of transfer of attention or embodied simulation of explicitly continuous actions. Rather, an editor may use time, space, and movement in any number of creative ways to generate

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Extractive Conservation

Peasant Agroecological Systems as New Frontiers of Exploitation?

Anne Cristina de la Vega-Leinert and Peter Clausing

Sparing (segregated land use) Land Sharing (integrated land use) Goal Optimization of land use Coherent and diverse landscape matrix Focus Agricultural productivity / efficiency Agroecological productivity   Landscape monofunctionality Landscape

Open access

Are Inexpensive Solutions Affordable?

Bio-Sand Water Filters and Improved Wood Stoves in San Miguel Totonicapán

Matthew Krystal

, a household potable water filter and a high-efficiency wood cooking stove, to link these problems in their solution. A rural family that uses a household filtration system to produce drinking water no longer burns firewood to purify contaminated

Free access

Empowering or impoverishing through credit

Small-scale producers and the Plan Chontalpa in Tabasco, Mexico

Gisela Lanzas and Matthew Whittle

, the availability of credit is supposed to increase efficiency in regions characterized by low productivity by enabling producers to make optimum investments in their production. Additionally, since it is supposed to increase economic efficiency, many