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Situating the Investigation on Clandestine Graves in Mexico

Between the Forensic and Affective Turns

Carolina Robledo Silvestre and Paola Alejandra Ramírez González

play a role in the field of enforced disappearance, is added to this already disturbing scenario. The mistrust towards the Mexican State means there are strained relationships with the science coming from the State's laboratories and offices, showing

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Waiting for the disappeared

Waiting as a form of resilience and the limits of legal space in Turkey

Özgür Sevgi Göral

This article situates the case of in a broader context of sovereignty, law and waiting in Turkey. To do so, I put the production of a category for the relatives of the disappeared through a peculiar temporal lens, scrutinising different waiting types that create intertwined notions of hope, loyalty, anxiety and ambiguity. Different forms of waiting mean different temporalities, along with other demands. I thus scrutinise the performances, acts and demands of these temporalities. I then analyse the trajectory for , revealing insights into the limits of legal space and the notion of justice, since this trajectory interrupted the typical waiting patterns for the relatives of the disappeared, transforming their temporal subjectivity. Although it ended without any form of recognition, the case itself was followed by the relatives of the disappeared, who participated attentively. This participation, I believe, reveals crucial information about temporality, subjectivity, violence and legal space in Turkish Kurdistan.

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Anthropologies of Forensic Expertise in the Aftermath of Mass Violence

Zahira Aragüete-Toribio

condition for the appropriate burial of a murdered and desecrated body. Anthropologists whose works have focused on understanding death and enforced disappearance in these contexts have argued that these efforts to retrieve the human remains of war and

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How to Scale Factional Divisions in Conflict Situations

Finding Perpetrators and Switchboard Operators in Post-Authoritarian Argentina

Antonius C.G.M. Robben

In conducting fieldwork among perpetrators of state violence, it is a major methodological problem to gain access to competing factions within the research population. Ethnographers often succeed in finding access to at least one faction but this successful rapport might then immediately close off other factions that mistrust the ethnographer’s politics, intentions, or alleged sympathies. The ethnographic challenge is to find intermediaries or switchboard operators, as they are called in this article, who have established informal channels of communication between hostile factions. Switchboard operators have the following characteristics: discretion, neutrality, lack of formal power, disinterestedness, trustworthiness, and they act as a conduit of communication. This article describes how switchboard operators were located in Argentina, and how they played a crucial role in my fieldwork among a broad spectrum of military perpetrators who had terrorized the Argentine people between 1976 and 1983 with enforced disappearances and state repression.

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Space of Hope for Lebanon’s Missing

Promoting Transitional Justice through a Digital Memorial

Erik Van Ommering and Reem el Soussi

eligible for prosecution. In addition, in 2007 Lebanon acceded to (but did not yet ratify) the UN Convention on the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance (ICCPED), “the only treaty that explicitly recognizes a right to know the truth

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Sanctuary in Countries of Origin

A Transnational Perspective

Alexandra Délano Alonso

of deportations from Mexico to Central America, in a context of wide corruption and limited institutional infrastructure that led to significant violations of migrants’ rights, including abductions, extortion, trafficking, enforced disappearance, and

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Steve Kwok-Leung Chan

states are entitled to administrative and financial autonomy, with opt-out clauses of the Union ten years later. 10 Rights groups reported human rights violations by the Tatmadaw, including unlawful killings, torture and other ill-treatment, enforced

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Corinna Mullin and Ian Patel

violations, including deliberate killing, rape and sexual violence, torture, enforced disappearance, and execution without fair trial guarantees” ( Human Rights Watch 2014 ). Article 10 delineated the criteria for establishing victimhood, and, after much