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Enforcing Apartheid?

The Politics of “Intolerability” in the Danish Migration and Integration Regimes

Julia Suárez-Krabbe and Annika Lindberg

of research that highlights the ways that migration control enforces and reproduces racist logics and racial hierarchies—within as well as beyond national borders ( Aas 2013 ; Bowling and Westenra 2018 ). Indeed, militarized border enforcement

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Subjecting International Relations to the Law of Nature

A Neglected Aspect of the Early Modern Jurists and Edmund Burke

Camilla Boisen

In this article, I deal with the issue of how the early modern thinkers dealt, over time, with the question of 'international law' and its enforcement. To draw out Burke's underappreciated view of enforcement, it recounts the law of nations ideas by some of the main jurists of the period such as Vitoria, Gentili and Suárez. As is well known, their differentiation of the law of nations from the law of nature led to the gradual emergence of the legal principle and moral right of intervention to prevent gross violations of the natural law in the discourse of international justice. Such ideas were refined by Grotius, who largely equated international law with punishment, something Pufendorf and Vattel would later criticise. I argue that it is nevertheless Edmund Burke to whom we must look to bridge the two concerns of international law: authority and enforcement. Burke provided the conceptual scope needed to plausibly resolve the issues of enforcement by prescribing specific common law foundations, binding the legal and the moral in international law and presenting it as domestic law. This way of looking at Burke is under-recognised and provides insight into some of the same concerns we face today with enforcement in international law.

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Militias as Law Enforcement in Eastern Indonesia?

Jeremy J. Kingsley

This article demonstrates how an integral element of the fabric of governance on the eastern Indonesian island of Lombok, and many other parts of the Indonesian archipelago, are non-state local security arrangements, such as night watches and militias. These groups play a significant role in the local infrastructure of security and law enforcement. Consequently, this article challenges a common assumption by legal scholars, and many other observers of Indonesia, that state-based institutions such as the police are the exclusive, and only legitimate, mode of law enforcement in Indonesia. Through an ethnographic engagement with the idea of law enforcement on Lombok, I seek to broaden these assumptions about legitimate modes of statecraft. These non-state entities fill a void in the Indonesian law enforcement architecture that the state is unable or unwilling to fulfil (or potentially finds it more practical to delegate to local non-state institutions).

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The enforced cooling down of an overheated world

Thomas Hylland Eriksen

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Enforcing order. An ethnography of urban policing by Fassin, Didier

Ieva Jusionyte

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Building Walls, Destroying Borderlands

Repertoires of Militarization on the United States–Mexico Border

Jennifer G. Correa and Joseph M. Simpson

For over a quarter century, the 1994 Border Patrol Strategic Plan has been at the helm of gaining “operational control” of the United States–Mexico border, outlining increases in enforcement personnel, surveillance technologies, and enhanced

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Terms of Silence

Weaknesses in Corporate and Law Enforcement Responses to Cyberviolence against Girls

Suzanne Dunn, Julie S. Lalonde, and Jane Bailey

enforcement undermine the utility of reporting as one tool in an equality tool kit that should be available not only to support girls in dealing with attacks but also to advance the systemic changes required to create an online environment in which girls

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Contesting the Social Contract

Tax Reform and Economic Governance in Istria, Croatia

Robin Smith

, being a successful entrepreneurial family defines one's economic agency and confers an important social status. The mode of fiskalizacija enforcement seemed to threaten both values. Ultimately, fiskalizacija highlighted a mutual distrust: the state

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Sanctuary City Organizing in Canada

From Hospitality to Solidarity

David Moffette and Jennifer Ridgley

for local police forces to assist with immigration law enforcement, which has traditionally been seen as a federal responsibility. It is estimated that there are currently over three hundred jurisdictions (cities and counties mostly) that have declared

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Dirty Work, Dangerous Others

The Politics of Outsourced Immigration Enforcement in Mexico

Wendy Vogt

in US efforts to externalize its border enforcement strategy by curbing the arrival of unauthorized Central American and Caribbean asylum seekers and migrants crossing its territory. This hypocrisy, particularly in the context of Programa Frontera Sur