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More Than Trolleys

Plausible, Ethically Ambiguous Scenarios Likely to Be Encountered by Automated Vehicles

Noah Goodall

As the act of driving becomes increasingly automated, vehicles will encounter situations where different objectives of safety, mobility, and legality will come into conflict. These situations require a vehicle to compare relative values of different entities and objectives, where the action of the vehicle has a moral component. While discussion of these scenarios often focuses on the “trolley problem” thought experiment, these types of life-or-death moral dilemmas may be rare in practice. This article identifies four far more common examples of routine driving that require decisions with some level of ethical reasoning about how to distribute risk. These scenarios may be useful for automated vehicle developers in assessing vehicle safety and responding to potential future regulations, as well as for regulators in developing performance requirements.

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Sue Frohlick, Kristin Lozanski, Amy Speier, and Mimi Sheller

What mobilizes people to take up reproductive options, directions, and trajectories in ways that generate the possibilities and practices of mobilities? People’s desires for procreation or to resolve fertility challenges or partake in sperm donation, egg freezing, or surrogacy; the need for abortion services; and forced evacuation for childbirth care all involve movement. Reproductive aspirations, norms, and regulations move people’s bodies, as well as related technologies and bioproducts. At the same time, these corporeal, material, in/tangible mobilities of bodies, things, and ideas are also generative of reproductive imaginaries and practices. Reproduction is mobile and movement affects reproduction. Building from an interdisciplinary workshop on reproductive mobilities in Kelowna, Canada, this article aims to push the mobilities framework toward the edges of feminist, affect, queer, decolonizing, materialist, and nonrepresentational theories in thinking through both reproduction and movement.

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Kathleen Frazer Oswald

Safety to National Security,” in Ethics of Mobilities , ed. Sigurd Bergman and Tore Sager (Burlington, VT: Ashgate, 2008), 39–64, here: 44. 24 Jeremy Packer, “Rethinking Dependency: New Relations of Transportation and Communication,” in Thinking with

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Christopher Howard and Wendelin Küpers

Other Essays (New York: Harper 1977). 9 Martin Heidegger, Being and Time (1927; repr., New York: State University of New York Press, 1996). 10 See, e.g., Andreas Sphan, “Moralizing Mobility? Persuasive Technology and the Ethics of Mobility

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Media Ecologies of Autonomous Automobility

Gendered and Racial Dimensions of Future Concept Cars

Julia M. Hildebrand and Mimi Sheller

Entstehungsgeschichte der Cultur aus neuen Gesichtspunkten (Braunschweig: Druck & Verlag von Georg Westermann, 1877). 34 Jeremy Packer, “Automobility and the Driving Force of Warfare: From Public Safety to National Security,” in The Ethics of Mobilities: Rethinking

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Home and Away

Place Appreciation and Purposeful Relocation in Later Life

Neil Thin

. Silverstein (eds.) ( 1999/2009 ), Handbook of Theories of Aging ( Dordrecht : Springer ). Bergmann Sigurd , and Tore Sager (eds) ( 2008 ), The Ethics of Mobilities: Rethinking Place, Exclusion, Freedom and Environment . Aldershot, UK : Ashgate

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The Non-Secular Pilgrimage

Walking and Looking in Ken Cockburn and Alec Finlay’s The Road North

Alice Tarbuck and Simone Kotva

’, 37. 40 Solnit, Wanderlust , 45–63. 41 Merton, Mystics and Zen Masters , 92. 42 Peter Nynäs, ‘From Sacred Place to an Existential Dimension of Mobility’, in The Ethics of Mobility: Rethinking Place, Exclusion, Freedom and Environment , ed. Sigurd