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Michael Banton

If social units are to be classified it must be by reference to some distinctive characteristic or characteristics that they share. Administrative classifications are usually based on the characteristics identified in the everyday language that reflects practical knowledge. Classifications that will assist the growth of social scientific knowledge have to be based on the identification of theoretically relevant characteristics. Classification precedes the naming of categories. Experimental research into the relative strength of civic and ethnic preferences could uncover the variables that underlie popular notions of nation, race and ethnic group.

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Ekaterina Chekhorduna, Nina Filippova, and Diana Efimova

Translator : Jenanne K. Ferguson

!” As with other epics, the consciousness of ethnic group is reflected in the Olonkho. The entire process of the formation of personhood is the result of the integration of various values, and therefore “the Olonkho is a valuable legacy of spiritual

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Pan-African Linguistic and Cultural Unity

A Basis For pan-Africanism and the African Renaissance

Simphiwe Sesanti

language ( wa Thiong’o 1993: 41 ). While the call for an African continental language is both revolutionary and noble, the fear of linguistic domination of one ethnic group by another should not be underestimated. In a recent informal conversation (2017

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Azim Malikov

processes. Frequently, the same clan can be found in more than one ethnic group ( Schlee 1994 ). To understand the complex of identities that includes ethnic as well as regional, religious and others, the concept of multiple identities (multiidentity) has

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Babak Rezvani

are depicted in a number of authoritative websites. The Russian Federation: Anthroponyms and Toponyms Onomastics is the study of names; of anthroponyms, i.e. personal names, ethnonyms, i.e. names of ethnic groups, and toponyms, i.e. names of

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Pushkar Sohoni

preferred to the African bush elephant ( Loxodonta africana ), the Indian elephant ( Elephas maximus ) was not an option for logistical reasons. Similarly, local African ethnic groups like the Azande were an alternative to importing Indian mahouts, because

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Cècile Mathieu

Translator : Matthew Roy

for considering these post-World War I cultural imaginaries. I will examine the question of otherness in this dictionary through the study of ethnonyms (names of peoples or ethnic groups) and demonyms or gentilics (names for residents or natives of a

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A Clash of Civilizations?

Pegida and the Rise of Cultural Nationalism

David N. Coury

, and Frank Walter recount in their overview of the history of Pegida, the founders of the group wished to concentrate their resistance on migrants and immigrants and rejected any solidarity with ethnic groups, choosing instead to focus on German

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Rune Hjalmar Espeland

Across Africa, conflicts over land rights are increasingly centered on notions of autochthony. This article analyzes a violent event that took place in 2003 in connection with ethnically biased land redistribution in Western Uganda. Through the concepts of autochthony and communal violence, it analyzes the wider political context, tracing the processes from ethnic conflict to communal violence between autochthonous Banyoro and immigrant Bafuruki ethnic groups. Foregrounding the role of rumors in communal violence, it argues that rumors are not simply a response to conflict. Rather, they are constitutive of the situation, particularly in the formation of common moral imagination and in shaping the direction of social processes between the conflicting parties.

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Ryôta Nishino

This article examines how middle school history textbooks published between 1951 and 1995 explain the origins of the Japanese as an ethnic group (minzoku). The analysis shows that despite the relatively long period from which the sample of textbooks was taken, these texts continue to emphasize two categories of Japanese identity: a biologically heterogeneous people through prehistoric immigration and a unified language. Building on the latter theme, the textbooks continued to treat the innovation of the kana as a quintessential development underlying the Japanese cultural achievement. The analysis reveals that the narrative tone shifted from being emotive in the early 1950s texts to somewhat muted in later decades.