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Benoît Challand

This article argues that the symbolic borders of Europe and the existence of external Others have been at times more important than Europe's center or its actual physical boundaries, especially during the first decades after the foundation of the European Communities. Analyzing textual and visual sources taken from some ninety French, Italian, and German history textbooks published between 1950 and 2005, the various sequences in which European integration has been constructed are highlighted. Communism, the first external Other, provided the first minimum common denominator for a nascent political Europe. It was not until the end of the Cold War that a projection of a distinct European identity appeared. Nevertheless, the role of new external Other(s) remains important for the evolution of the discourse of a European identity. This article draws attention to the Others, seeking to embed the Others' perspective in narratives of Europe.

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Francesca Vassallo

The 2012 French presidential election witnessed an increase in discussion about the European Union and its policies. To an equal degree the two top contenders, Nicolas Sarkozy and Fran?ois Hollande, criticized European policies and made promises to rectify EU mistakes, if elected. European institutions and decisions became scapegoats for domestic failures and tough economic choices, reflecting a long-term surge in Euroscepticism among French voters, especially in comparison to EU averages. Both candidates sought advantage by engaging in “EU-Negative“ campaigns to be able to mobilize as many potential voters as possible. Surprisingly, a half-year of EU criticisms has not led, at least in the short term, to a further increase in anti-EU positions in the public opinion.

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Luke B. Wood

work presented here is to account more fully for the Greek bailout package in its final form including a strong role for the International Monetary Fund ( imf ) and an expanded, albeit still limited role for European institutions. Extant Literature and

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Sophie Meunier

security on the European continent. The initial conception of these European institutions and the theory of the spillover process that propelled European integration forward in the 1950s were the brainchild of the visionary Frenchman Jean Monnet. The

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Naila Maier-Knapp

-Asian Financial Crisis. In the eyes of the Asian countries, the crisis furthermore demonstrated that they cannot rely on the European institutional integration experience as a source of inspiration. While the current crises in the Western hemisphere are

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The End of the European Honeymoon?

Refugees, Resentment and the Clash of Solidarities

Siobhan Kattago

profound and should give citizens renewed hope in representative democracy and European institutions. This sense of solidarity is not naïve but rooted in Kant’s realisation that perpetual peace is only possible when sovereign states are structurally

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The Social Consequences of Brexit for the UK and Europe

Euroscepticism, Populism, Nationalism, and Societal Division

Steve Corbett

British Euroscepticism go wider and deeper than just the politics of the UK’s relationship with European institutions to include the legacy of English nationalism that is grounded in the myths of the British Empire (British exceptionalism) and impact of

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Two Patterns of Modernization

An Analysis of the Ethnic Issue in Israel

Shlomo Fischer

Europe as an arena for securing instrumental benefits. European institutions, if they were even established in the East, were created in a non-systematic way in response to specific situations and circumstances. Accordingly, a key aspect of the

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Joyce Marie Mushaben, Shelley Baranowski, Trevor J. Allen, Sabine von Mering, Stephen Milder, Volker Prott and Peter C. Pfeiffer

-economic trajectories discussed in Chapter 10, suggest a particular character to European institutions, perhaps indicative of a nascent European identity. These two chapters also highlight considerable tension between domestic policy preferences and those promoted

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Cues for Integration

Foreign Policy Beliefs and German Parliamentarians’ Support for European Integration

A. Burcu Bayram

question is useful because it simply taps the extent to which mp s are willing to bring new policy areas under eu decision-making. The second question captures mp s’ views on delegating greater power to European institutions. The supranationalism