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Daniel P. Ritter

collapse.” This might appear to be a minor, linguistic point of disagreement, but I suggest that there is real value in maintaining the term “revolution” while recognizing that an undeniable evolution of the phenomenon has occurred over the last four

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Jaap Westbroek, Harry Nijhuis, and Laurent van der Maesen

ontologies that assume both the irreversibility of time (difference between past and future) and the presence of increasing levels of organization (evolution). Their research subjects and their contexts can—and do—change over time. Their experiments are

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The Mathematics of Evolution

Dreaming about Four Dimensions with Edwin A. Abbott and May Kendall

Wolfgang Funk

This article links the rise of non-Euclidean geometry with the ascent of theories of evolution in the second half of the nineteenth century, and argues that the upsurge of speculations on higher dimensional space figures as a corollary of the pre-eminence of Darwinian ideas in the late Victorian imaginary. It first provides a short sketch of the development of thinking in higher dimensions from Plato's 'allegory of the cave' to the late Victorian popularisation of the subject in the works of Charles Hinton and H.G. Wells. On this basis, it goes on to examine two literary texts from the 1880s, Edwin A. Abbott's novel Flatland and May Kendall's poem 'A Pure Hypothesis'. Both texts are premised on the assumption that there are different versions of the world with different numbers of spatial dimensions, and that through the faculty of dreaming it is possible to transcend the boundaries between these worlds. This article shows how both texts use this central conceit to pose serious questions about contemporary class hierarchies as well as the ethical implications of scientific progress.

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Torben Grodal

Book Review of Brian Boyd, Joseph Carroll, and Jonathan Gottschall, eds. Evolution, Literature and Film: A Reader (New York: Columbia University Press, 2010)

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Nicholas Parlato, Gail Fondahl, Viktoriya Filippova, and Antonina Savvinova

diminishment in the standing of Indigenous northerners in relation to both subsoil users and other national minorities. Despite the success of SR's TTP system, it may not persist in this form over time. The evolution of TTP formation procedures detailed in

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Keith Alexander

Much more also remains to be learned about the evolution of the Left. During the time period addressed here, organizations that would eventually become part of the Green Party were sprouting up all across West Germany. Research at the local level will

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Torben Grodal

, and Sacred Symbols: The Evolution of Religion as an Adaptive Complex .” Human Nature 16 ( 4 ): 323 – 359 . Andrade , Eduardo , and Joel Cohen . 2007 . “ On the Consumption of Negative Feelings .” Journal of Consumer Research 34 ( 3

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Sabina Spielrein

Her Life, Erasure, Rediscovery and Recognition as a Key Psychoanalytic Thinker

John Launer

Sabina Spielrein was a Russian psychoanalyst who worked in Zurich, Berlin, Geneva, Moscow and Rostov-on-Don. She influenced many well-known thinkers in psychoanalysis and psychology, including Jung, Freud, Piaget, Claparède, Vygotsky and Luria. After her death in the Shoah, her life and works were largely forgotten until the discovery of correspondence revealing her erotic relationship with Jung. She was then reinvented as a ‘femme fatale’ in popular culture. It is only in the twenty-first century that the details of her life have been properly reconstructed and that psychoanalysts have recognised her stature as an original thinker in many areas, including the death instinct, child development, attachment and evolution. This article gives an account of her life, explores the reasons for her erasure, and examines her two most significant papers.

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Gilberto Conde

demonstrations in the early months of 2011 rarely voiced religiously oriented slogans. Many early enthusiasts of the protests became skeptical of this evolution and stopped supporting the democratic transition in Arab countries. However, as Achcar (2013) has

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Menno W. Straatsma and Reinier J.W. de Nooij

Integrated river management is heralded as the new style of river management, but it has been preceded by a number of previous styles, and is unlikely to be the last. This article presents the first analysis of the evolution of river management using Spiral Dynamics (SD). SD provides a growth hierarchy of value systems (vMemes), reflecting increasing complexity and inclusiveness ranging from instinctive to holistic. Based on an interpretation of literature and policy documents, we conclude that (1) SD provides a broad interpretative framework that can be applied in all river basins, (2) river management in the Netherlands shows the subsequent dominance of the blue, orange, and green vMeme, yellow is at the take-off phase, (3) further transition to yellow integrated river management requires identification of barriers to change. We give an overview and policy implications. Further research should be oriented towards quantification of vMemes in stakeholders and landscaping measures.