Search Results

You are looking at 1 - 10 of 1,629 items for :

  • Refine by Access: All content x
  • Refine by Content Type: All x
Clear All Modify Search
Restricted access

Neil Hibbert

This paper examines the prospects for social justice in a democratic community that is justified through the idea of contractual exchange as a cooperative scheme for mutual advantage. Common assumptions concerning the narrow institutional range of the mutual advantage framework are argued against, clearing away certain tensions between exchange and markets and equality and the welfare state. However, it is maintained that the principle of equality must further condition institutional formation beyond efficiency to satisfy the requirements of social justice. It is further advanced that the interest-based motivation in the idea of efficient exchange can be maintained in an egalitarian framework, when the shared interests and expectations of citizenship constitute an equal political baseline, from which universal social entitlement can be justified.

Open access

The “awkwardnesses” of aid and exchange

Food cooperative practices in austerity Britain

Celia Plender

Self-help and mutual aid have been at the heart of the consumer cooperative movement and its response to food insecurity since its inception. Yet how these terms are conceptualized and practiced in contemporary food co-ops often has more to do with their individual histories, ideologies, and the values of those involved than it does the history of the cooperative movement. Drawing on ethnographic examples from two London-based food co-ops with different backgrounds, this article explores how each enacts ideals of aid and exchange. It argues that the context of austerity creates “awkwardnesses” between and within personal values and organizational structures in the face of inequality, leading to blurred boundaries between different models of aid and exchange and the forms of moral accounting that these entail.

Restricted access

John Drakakis

Exchange In 1859 Marx began his Contribution to the Critique of Political Economy with a reference to Aristotle’s The Politics . His concern was with ‘the wealth of bourgeois society’ and its capacity for accumulating ‘commodities’ where

Restricted access

‘Rates of Exchange’ Rather than Intellectual Exchanges

An Unknown Correspondence between Marcel Mauss and Victor Branford (1923–24) about the Franco-British Relationship in Interwar Sociology

Baudry Rocquin

. 2 Light is thrown on all this by a previously unknown correspondence that, as part of my research, I discovered in the Keele University Archives. It consists of an exchange of three letters dated 1923–24 between Marcel Mauss and Victor Branford

Open access

Taxes for Independence

Rejecting a Fiscal Model of Reciprocity in Peri-urban Bolivia

Miranda Sheild Johansson

are long and those at Impuestos are short—it is necessary to disaggregate tax and examine the specific exchanges that each tax involves, as well as the various relationships and imaginaries that they are constituted by and conjure up. This article

Restricted access

Archaeology and Ethnographic Collections

Disentangling Provenance, Provenience, and Context in Vanuatu Assemblages

James L. Flexner

untapped source of information that can be used to explore basic questions necessary to the larger theories we build about the past. In exchange, archaeological investigations of museum collections provide opportunities for museums to increase their

Restricted access

Beyond Economy and Religion

Resources and Socio-cosmic Fields in Odisha, India

Roland Hardenberg

human and non-human actors. Actions establishing relations between humans define the ‘social field’. Within this field, resources are tangible and intangible objects used for exchange and provisioning. Exchange as defined here refers to the ‘reciprocity

Restricted access

Fair Exchange

Utilisation of Working Animals (and Women) in Ancient Mesopotamia and Modern Africa

Jill Goulder

. 3900–3200 BC. By the mid-Uruk, systems of large-scale long-distance import and export of goods – by boat, by porters and later by donkey – exchanged grain and textiles from centralised production for luxuries as well as building materials and other

Restricted access

Leo Coleman

and possessions. Lately, for example, Grégoire Mallard has revisited Marcel Mauss's work on ‘the form and reason for exchange in archaic societies’ – long an anthropological classic – for insights into sovereign debt, reparations and international

Open access

The Worth of the ‘While’

Time and Taxes in a Finnish Timebank

Matti Eräsaari

Helsinki Timebank, the mutual exchange network discussed in this article. The Timebank is an unregistered network of citizens who trade services and assistance with each other using their own currency, the ‘while’. This arrangement encourages Helsinki