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Erika Friedl

Abstract

Ideas about childhood and children’s experiences in a tribal area in southwest Iran have been changing along with major local sociopolitical relations over the past century quite in accordance with the functionalist model of education and socialization. However, in the most recent stage – a globalizing, consumer-driven society in a closed, totalitarian political system – child-rearing prepares children to have great aspirations and be dedicated consumers without furnishing opportunities and habits to attain the one and sustain the other. The ethnographic details about this development described in this article in the format of three stages are based on longitudinal anthropological fieldwork in Boir Ahmad over 50 years.

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Elaine MacKinnon

of separation from their children and feelings of utter helplessness with regard to their welfare. Even when they survived, they faced serious and sometimes irreparable ruptures in family relations, and in some cases they were the only ones able to

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What Has Made Me?

Locating Mother in the Textual Labyrinth of Mark Z. Danielewski's House of Leaves

Katherine Cox

In Mark Z. Danielewski’s House of Leaves, the architecture of the family is scrutinised and stretched to breaking point. Partnerships and relationships, which by implication suggest ‘nearness’, are graphically torn apart before partial reconciliations are achieved. The bonds of the family are costly, combining the beloved aspect of the term ‘dear’ with its more detrimental meanings. ‘Near and dear’ denotes a physical and emotional proximity that is revealed to be acutely and negatively exaggerated in Danielewski’s novel. The physical and emotional ‘nearness’ of family life is teased out as understanding and reunion are approached through journey, specifically through the mythic confrontation with the labyrinth. Gradually, through allusion to mythological struggle and unavoidable psychoanalytical ties, the novel implicitly confers a transformation of the family through a journey of remembrance. The spatial manipulation of family relations and the inevitable reformation of these relationships, elicited through the labyrinth, are primary considerations in this article.

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Dafna Halperin

This study aims to identify future care preferences and examine the associations between personal resources, filial expectations, and family relations and the preferences of independent elderly Jews and Arabs aged 65 and over, using mixed methods. Data were collected using structured interviews of 168 Jews and 175 Arabs; additionally, 20 Jews and Arabs were interviewed in depth to enable more detailed analysis. The main findings show the effects of the modernization and individualization processes on elder preferences. Significant differences were found between Jews and Arabs for most variables. Whereas Jews' first preference was formal care, with mixed care following as second, Arabs preferred mixed care to other types. Differences in several factors associated with preference for mixed care were also noted, including in categories that were identified in the qualitative phase, such as 'dignity' versus 'honor' and the meaning of 'home'.

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Queering Virginity

From Unruly Girls to Effeminate Boys

Eftihia Mihelakis

“romance values virginity as part of a system of patriarchal family relations in which the loss of female virginity positions women in submissive roles” (33–34). In the second chapter, “Between Pleasure and Pain: The Textual Politics of the Hymen,” Jodi

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Introduction

Anthropological Approaches to the Study of Children in the Middle East

Erika Friedl and Abderrahmane Moussaoui

health. Cultural as well as legal circumstances in the age of consent in a research situation with minors make it difficult to research children’s cultural activities and ideas, and motivate anthropologists to focus on inter-family relations rather than

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Householding and social reproduction

Comment on Newberry and Rosen

Deborah James

written elsewhere, “the debt conundrum juxtaposes apparently unlike sets of values. Cherished and non-commodified family relations, on the one hand, both induce and are subject to the inexorable force of commodified payment-plus-interest on the other

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Noisy Lives, Noisy Bodies

Exploring the Sensorial Embodiment of Class

Camilla Hoffmann Merrild, Peter Vedsted, and Rikke Sand Andersen

informal conversations on family relations, practical day-to-day business, local gossip and so on – all the things that occur in the small-scale community where everybody more or less knows each other, where time is in abundance and socialising is highly

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Estella Carpi, Sandy F. Chang, Kristy A. Belton, Katja Swider, Naluwembe Binaisa, Magdalena Kubal-Czerwińska, and Jessie Blackbourn

labour market and the effect of these migrations in the country. He presents the research conclusions in the context of three time frames: short-, mid-, and long-term. The latter time frame can have lasting effects. In the next chapter, “Family Relations

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Victoria Churikova, Alexey Druzyaka, and Alina Galimova

highlight the process of Christianization among Siberian indigenous people. A large section, “Cognition, Gender, and Social Relations,” contains materials on the traditional and current sociocultural state of family relations among Khanty, Mansi, Siberian