This article addresses the fascist leagues' policies and philosophies regarding the political role of women, particularly the question of female suffrage. Unlike the parliamentary Right, which did not attempt to mobilize women until 1935, the fascist leagues envisioned women as key political players as early as 1924. Often invoking female work and sacrifice during the war, as well as women's supposedly superior moral aptitude, the leagues presented themselves as the forces that truly respected women's potential and importance in the state. To the leagues the domestic identities and concerns of women were not only compatible with fascist notions of politics, but rendered women potentially better fascists and citizens. Leaders of the organizations expected women to be wives and mothers, producing more children for France, while at the same time the leagues advocated that women engage in national politics and world affairs.
Interwar Fascism and the Franchise
Women's Suffrage and the Ligues
What Do (Parties Think) Women and LGBTI Citizens Want?
Party Platforms, Gender, and Sexuality in the 2021 German Federal Election
Louise K. Davidson-Schmich
discontinue measures to end gendered inequalities for women and lgbti people and instead to reinforce traditional gender and sexuality roles, primarily within the family. Voting patterns in the 2021 election indicate that the AfD's approaches were not well