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Women's Uprising in Poland

Embodied Claims between the Nation and Europe

Jennifer Ramme

Abstract

In 2016 a legislative proposal introducing an abortion ban resulted in female mass mobilisations. The protests went along with frequent claims of Polish as well as European belonging. Next to this, creative appropriations of patriotic symbols related to national movements, fights and uprisings for independence and their transformation into a sign of female bodily sovereignty could be observed all over the country. The appearance of bodies needs to be looked at in relation to the concrete political context and conditions in which bodies materialise (). Bodies are in this sense always relational, but they also depend. The article argues that the constitution of ‘European bodies’ can serve to empower people exposed to and oppressed by nationalist biopolitics. In such cases a ‘European body’ might be constituted in distinction to the nation/nationalism and its claim of ownership on female bodies (the ‘national body’) and by performing multiple belongings extending national belonging.

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A Great Endeavor

The Creation of the Hungarian Feminist Journal A Nő és a Társadalom (Woman and Society) and Its Role in the Women's Movement, 1907–1913

Orsolya Kereszty

The monthly journal A Nő és a Társadalom (Woman and society) was launched in 1907 by two organizations, Feministák Egyesülete (Association of Feminists) and Nőtisztviselők Országos Egyesülete (National Organization of Female Clerks) in Budapest. Based on archival research, this article describes the foundation of the journal in 1907, the working methods it strived to adopt, and the role editor-in-chief Róza Schwimmer played during this period. The article shows that A Nő és a Társadalom performed a variety of crucial functions in the Hungarian women's movement of the time, including that of being a means of informal education for its readers.

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Hélène Périvier and Rebecca Rogers

feminist movement. The Emergence of Statistical Language Since the middle of the seventeenth century, men had gathered in learned societies to debate contemporary issues in a world where scientific reasoning increasingly seemed to offer the key to

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Feminism and Feminist History-Writing in Turkey

The Discovery of Ottoman Feminism

Serpil Çakır

The formation of a feminist consciousness and memory in Turkey coincided with a historical period in which both social movements and academic studies proliferated. Towards the end of the 1980s, the increasing number of women's organisations and publications began to impact upon both the feminist movement and academic research in the area of women's studies. This, combined with the expansion of the civil societal realm, has resulted in many topics and issues related to women becoming part of the public discussion, thereby contributing to the development of a new feminist consciousness. This article discusses the impact of the work in the field of women's history and the ensuing discovery of an Ottoman feminism on the formation of such a feminist consciousness and memory in Turkey.

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Amanda H. Littauer

Abstract

Drawing on letters and writings by teenage girls and oral history interviews, this article aims to open a scholarly conversation about the existence and significance of intergenerational sexual relationships between minor girls and adult women in the years leading up to and encompassing the lesbian feminist movement of the 1970s. Lesbian history and culture say very little about sexual connections between youth and adults, sweeping them under the rug in gender-inflected ways that differ from the suppression of speech in gay male history and culture about intergenerational sex between boys and men. Nonetheless, my research suggests that, despite lesbian feminists’ caution and even negativity toward teen girls, erotic and sexual relationships with adult women provided girls access to support, pleasure, mentorship, and community.

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The Stigma of Emotions

Mary Wollstonecraft's Travel Writing

Lila Harper

Mary Wollstonecraft, the first writer to establish a coherent feminist assessment of her society’s treatment of women, in effect started the feminist movement as we know it today. Her Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1792) was a landmark proclamation of women’s political/social rights.1 Less well known, however, is her Letters Written during a Short Residence in Sweden, Norway, and Denmark, an account of her 1795 travels in Scandinavia and an important text for understanding the situation of later nineteenth-century women travel writers.2 This book, Wollstonecraft’s last work before her untimely death, is a complex text. Here, Wollstonecraft tries to come to terms with her personal despair while securing her intellectual reputation. Additionally, this work established the travel genre as a form women could use to present themselves authoritatively in a narration and within a vocation. In essence, Wollstonecraft’s writing offered an invitation for women to participate in a narration of exploration, one very different from the traditional narration that required that the woman hold a fixed position and wait for experience to come to her. Instead, as Mary Morris indicates in her collection of women’s travels, Maiden Voyages: Writings of Women Travelers, travel narratives allow a woman to ‘be the stranger who comes to town’ (1993: xxii). At the same time, the public interpretation of Wollstonecraft’s life, an unusually public life for her time, provided warning signs for later women of the boundaries for behaviour which they could not ignore if they wished to maintain a level of social acceptance. As a result, Wollstonecraft’s own reception and reputation, the narration which others made of her life, delineated and established the boundaries of nineteenth-century women’s discourse.

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Reclaiming Romanian Historical Feminism

History Writing and Feminist Politics in Romania

Roxana Cheşchebec

Stefania Mihailescu, Din istoria feminismului românesc. Antologie de texte (1838–1929) (From the history of Romanian feminism. Collection of documents [1838–1929]), Iasi: Polirom, 2002, 376 pp., 18.90 RON (pb). ISBN 973-681-012-7

Stefania Mihailescu, Emanciparea femeii române. Antologie de texte. Vol. I (1815–1928) (Romanian women’s emancipation. Collection of documents. Vol. I [1815–1928]), Bucuresti: Editura Ecumenica, 2001, 605 pp., (pb). ISBN 973-99782-1-5

Maria Bucur, Mihaela Miroiu eds., Patriarhat si emancipare în istoria gîndirii politice românesti (Patriarchy and emancipation in the history of Romanian political thought), Iasi: Polirom, 2002, 270 pp., (pb). ISBN 973-681-130-1

Mihaela Miroiu, Drumul catre autonomie. Teorii politice feministe (The road to autonomy. Feminist political theories), Iasi: Polirom, 2004, 307 pp. 17.90 RON (pb). ISBN 973-681-646-X

Ghizela Cosma, Femeile si politica în România. Evolutia dreptului de vot în perioada interbelica (Women and politics in Romania. The evolution of the right to vote in the interwar period), Cluj-Napoca: Presa Universitara Clujeana, 2002, 174 pp. (pb). ISBN 973-610-069-3

Ghizela Cosma, Virgiliu ̨ârau eds., Conditia femeii în România în secolul XX. Studii de caz (Woman’s condition in Romania in the twentieth century. Case studies), Cluj-Napoca: Presa Universitara ̈ Clujeana, 2002, 213 pp. (pb). ISBN 973-610-127-4

Alin Ciupala, Femeia în societatea româneasca a secolului al XIX-lea (Woman in Romanian Society of the nineteenth century), Bucuresti: Editura Meridiane, 2003, 174 pp. (pb). ISBN 973-33-0481-6

Simona Stiger, ‘Miscarea feminista româneasca din Transilvania (1850–1914)’ (The Romanian feminist movement in Transylvania [1850–1914]), in Prezenòe feminine. Studii despre femei în România (Feminine presences. Studies about women in Romania), eds., Ghizela Cosma, Eniko... Magyari-Vincze and Oviciu Pecican, Cluj-Napoca: Editura Fundaòiei Desire, 2002, 237–266, 488 pp. (pb.). ISBN 973-85512-4-2

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Sercan Çınar and Francisca de Haan

feminist movement], 5Harfliler.com , 30 June 2016, http://www.5harfliler.com/sirin-tekeli-ile-soylesi-kari-kuvvetlerinden-feminist-harekete/ . 5 “KAHUDEV,” http://www.kahudev.com/sayfalar/kunye.php , accessed September 12, 2017. 6 Tekeli, Kadınlar ve

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Erin Newcomb

-wave feminist movement (epitomized by Frances Hodgson Burnett’s 1905 A Little Princess ) and Disney’s mid-century princess films; the second-wave feminist movement’s countercultural narratives; Disney’s late-century pseudo-feminist films; and third

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Men and Masculinities the Journal

Raewyn Connell's Influence on its New Vision

Joseph D. Nelson, Tristan Bridges, and Kristen Barber

feminist movement on masculinity studies. Broadening masculinities scholarship to center more than a Western focus, Connell asserts that scholars and activists in several countries throughout the world are prioritizing feminist research on boys and men