The Oslo peace process has effectively stalled and failed. In this article I show that by positioning the Oslo process and any political and civic forces involved with it as tainted by irrational and emotional weakness, neo-conservative figures and institutions within Israel have successfully argued for a hyper-masculinized Israeli security paradigm. In this configuration, the process of cooperation and the acknowledgement of Palestinian claims are viewed as weak and reprehensible, while aggressive military strategies, deterrence, and the demand for unequivocal Palestinian acceptance of Israel’s terms are perceived as rational and responsible actions that protect Israeli interests. By conflating security with the state, Israeli political leaders perpetuate the conflict rather than resolve it.
The Israeli-Palestinian Conflict
This article considers the Club of Bulgarian Women Writers as a case study on the interrupted feminisation of twentieth-century Bulgarian belles-lettres and culture. It argues that the modernisation project of Bulgarian intellectuals in the interwar years led to an environment propitious for the emergence of a cohort of women literati who furthered women's emancipation, and generated an original and popular textual tradition. The Club, which existed between 1930 and 1949, was emblematic of the wide acceptance of women intellectuals in patriarchal monarchical Bulgaria, and their subsequent marginalisation in the post-war socialist republic. Having declared gender equality fulfilled, the communist regime considered literary interest in womanhood or the individual hostile to its social and political agenda. Interwar women intellectuals, whose very worldview demanded an unrestrained confluence of personal, female and intellectual identities, lost their social importance. Likewise, the Club and its members were excised from cultural and public memory until the 1990s.
The Construction of Masculinity among German Students
This article discusses strategies of constructing masculinity among German school boys and shows the close interrelation of social status, social and symbolic value, and the success or failure of playing with male gender orders. It highlights the important role of the body in these processes. Based on data from ethnographical research the article shows that the body is an actor as well as target in the subordination strategies, which often includes the feminisation of other boys
Being “Boy,” Being “Filipino,” Being “Other”
, suggesting a deeper complexity when it comes to identity construction for Filipino boys. In terms of masculinity as an intersection of identity, Kale Fajardo has found through ethnographic study that “Filipino peoples in general have been feminized through
Reflective Remarks in Three Snapshots
, generational conflict and the continuing subjugation of feminized voices are certainly among the themes paramount in Shakespeare’s works, but it would be a gross simplification to reduce the value of the work of the Bard to what he can teach us about these
things, are undergoing a process of redefinition and feminization. With respect to military-police relations, I address three key dimensions of the processes occurring in this hybrid operational environment: the legal dimension, the technological
Fredrik Nyman, Roberta Zavoretti, Linda Rabben, and David M. R. Orr
. Geissler ( 2005 ), Medical Anthropology ( Maidenhead, UK : Open University Press ). The Look of a Woman: Facial Feminization Surgery and the Aims of Trans-Medicine Eric Plemons, Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2017, ISBN: 978
Anne-Laure Amilhat Szary
-entendus”; i.e., “male-heard”) that has brought regional scholars to underestimate the differences and tensions that criss-cross territories at the meso-scale too. This does not lead to a mere feminization of regions, but brings back into light the importance
Thirty Years of Women's History
This article evaluates the influence of Claude Langlois's research on female religious congregations in the field of women's history. It explores how his central findings contributed to scholarship on the feminization of religion before generating a strain of revisionist historiography concerning the history of girls' education and the history of the nursing profession and health care. Specifically, Langois's work has led scholars to investigate the archives of religious congregations and evaluate the emergence of a professional ethos among teaching and nursing nuns. The article concludes with an analysis of his more recent writings on missionary congregations and how this also has inspired work on the gendering of religious mission.
Simone de Beauvoir, Djamila Boupacha, and the Algerian War
This article situates Simone de Beauvoir's involvement in the case of Djamila Boupacha, an FLN militant who was tortured by the French Army in 1960, in the context of the repeated revelations of torture in course of the Algerian War. Drawing on Beauvoir's writings on ethics and other contemporary denunciations of torture, the essay illuminates how Beauvoir worked to overcome wide-spread public “indifference.” By focusing public attention on the Army's sexually degrading treatment of Boupacha, Beauvoir figured torture as a source of feminine and feminizing national shame.