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From Forced Conversion to Marranism

Crypto-Jews in Morocco and Their Fate

Paul B. Fenton

-Andalus were either wiped out or forcefully converted to Islam. 1 In 1165, in response to the religious and psychological issues raised by this mass conversion, Moses Maimonides (1135–1204) composed his Iggeret ha-shemad ( Epistle on Forced Conversion

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Béchir Oueslati, Marie McAndrew, and Denise Helly

This article examines the evolution of the representation of Islam and Muslim cultures in textbooks in Quebec. Results indicate signicant improvements in the new secondary school history textbooks, both quantitatively (for they contain more information about pillars, key concepts, and relations with Christianity and Judaism) and qualitatively (on account of their depth of coverage, fewer negative views than in the 1980s, and fewer factual errors than in the 1990s). The positive role played by Muslim scientists in preserving old knowledge and enriching is also recognized. However, textbooks still view Islam as a religion of submission, proscriptions, and forced conversion, failing to recognize the diversity within Islam and Muslim cultures.

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Muslim Lands, Christian Heroes, Jewish Voices

The Judeo-Spanish Ballad Tradition of Morocco

Hillary Pomeroy

The Spanish Jews who fled to North Africa from the 1391 pogroms were joined a century later, in 1492, by a larger wave of exiles, the thousands of Jews who had chosen to leave Spain rather than convert to Christianity. These fellow Jews, the megorashim or expelled Jews, had been forbidden to take 'gold and silver or minted coins' out of Spain (Edwards 1994: 52). They did, however, take with them invisible assets: their Spanish language and culture. This Iberian presence in Morocco was further reinforced by the arrival of a third group of Spanish-speaking Jews fleeing the forced conversions imposed by Portugal in 1497.

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Marc Saperstein and Ruth Scott

who came before the Spanish Inquisition in the 1480s and 1490s were not ‘Jews who had been forcibly converted to Christianity’. The mass forced conversion on the Iberian peninsula occurred in 1391; the remit of the Spanish Inquisition was to

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The Word of the Lord to Shylock

Biblical Forms in the Translations of Shakespeare’s The Merchant of Venice to Hebrew

Atar Hadari

existential threat to Jewish life, the Hebrew reception of that word in Shakespeare retains one meaning: miscegenation. By translating it this way, the Hebrew suggests that the threat to Shylock is not the loss of his money or even forced conversion. Rather

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Jeremy Schonfield, Alinda Damsma, and Marc Saperstein

’s intriguing book raises many questions. As Cohen notes at the beginning of his study, hardly anything is known about the author, except that he left Spain in 1492, lived in Portugal before, during and after the forced conversion in 1497 of all Jews on

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Introduction

Understanding Experiences and Decisions in Situations of Enduring Hardship in Africa

Mirjam de Bruijn and Jonna Both

people in the region underwent the same fate. Others chose refuge, which was often, though not always, synonymous with rebellion. Despite his forced conversion, Adoum was now a Muslim praying five times a day. He had also become a seasonal migrant to N

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Richard H. Weisberg

hands as a commercial surety, 12 once again intervenes to discombobulate an otherwise stable world. It is not only the forced conversion that post-Holocaust audiences of course dislike, but even more two legalistically cruel settlements of Shylock

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The Merchant ON Venice [Boulevard, Los Angeles], Chicago, 2007

Universalizing Shakespeare’s Play after the Holocaust

Michael Shapiro

’s version, minus the forced conversion, which here is reduced to a donation to the rebuilding of the Ayodhya mosque and a letter of apology. Kurup had earlier in the play used Portia to extol the virtues of empathy, in a parallel to Shakespeare’s ‘quality

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Jonathan Elukin

Shakespeare give him his great speech that humanizes him? 1 On the other hand, if Shylock is meant to be an object of pity and to challenge Christian prejudices, why is he brutally silenced by a forced conversion? 2 I would like to suggest a way to