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Gerdien Jonker

In this article, I explore the dominant narratives about Islam in German history textbooks from the eighteenth century until the present day. I thereby deconstruct a longue durée script with a rather curious pattern. Until the 1980s, textbook narratives about Islam were rooted exclusively in people's historical imagination. Only when the children of Turkish workers entered the classroom did textbook authors try to accommodate knowledge based on real encounters. By addressing the di erent stages of this longue durée script, I enquire into the functions of narratives as they underpinned a German and European "we."

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Dietrich Thränhardt

In the mid- to late-nineteenth century, millions of Germans emigrated

to the New World. Today, however, immigration to Germany

is an integral aspect of everyday life in the country. The consequences

of immigration are far-reaching, ranging from the wealth of

culinary options offered by Italian, Greek, or Chinese restaurants, to

the social costs of employing thousands of foreign workers in Germany’s

construction sector. In the Ruhr River area, Germany’s

largest industrial melting pot, Turkish names are now as common as

Polish names—the latter representing an immigrant group that settled

in the area some 100 years ago.

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Asher Colombo and Giuseppe Sciortino

On 11 November 2002, the terms of the amnesty promoted by the second

Berlusconi government to legalize those foreign workers without

residence permits expired. The amnesty, the fifth of its kind in Italy

over the last two decades, saw the submission of 702,156 applications.

If, as expected, the overwhelming majority of these applications

see the concession of residence permits, the overall effect will

be greater than that of the sum of the two previous amnesties, promoted

respectively by the Lamberto Dini government in 1995 and the

Romano Prodi government in 1998.

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Giving them the slip

Israeli employers' strategic falsification of pay slips to disguise the violation of Thai farmworkers' right to the minimum wage

Matan Kaminer

In a 2013 Facebook post, Israel’s then Minister of Economy Naftali Bennett (2013; my translation) wrote: 'If an Israeli employer knows that he has to pay every worker the minimum wage, give him one day off a week, pay overtime and produce pay slips – he just won’t employ infiltrators and foreign workers. He will choose an Israeli worker. This is how we dry the main fuel which sets fire to the problem of infiltrators in south Tel Aviv and across the country, and at the same time do justice to workers who are exploited in substandard conditions.' Bennett posits the equal protections of labour law as primarily informed not by a universalist concern for the welfare of all workers but by a desire to exclude both documented ‘foreign workers’ and undocumented ‘infiltrators’ from the labour market. A document – the pay slip – serves in Bennett’s plan as an icon of legality and a tool in the hands of this policy of exclusion through egalitarianism.

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Migration and the Persian Gulf

Demography, Identity and the Road to Equitable Policies

Ali Modarres

In 2005, the nations of the Gulf Cooperative Council (GCC), which consist of Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates, housed over 12 million international migrants. Employed mainly within the service and construction industries, these foreign workers have become a demographic majority in some GCC countries, creating an urgent need for more progressive immigration and equitable integration policies. This article provides an overview of migration to the region, situating it within the larger global emigration/immigration context. By focusing on the various stages of migration and the economic role played by migrants, the article argues for policies that protect the economic, social and political rights of labour migrants. It concludes with recommendations that consider conditions in both the GCC and migrants' countries of origin.

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Catherine Plum, Klaus Berghahn, Gregory Smulewicz-Zucker, David Freis, and Matthew Eckel

emphasize the nuances of power relationships between sed leaders and average citizens—the role of bargaining, compromise and the “congruence of interest, arrangements and interdependence” (19). They see foreign workers and other minority groups as agents

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Sociology in the Garden

Beyond the Liberal Grammar of Contemporary Sociology

Nissim Mizrachi

against the deportation of children of foreign workers, Meir Park, in central Tel Aviv, 4 March 2011. A 12-year-old girl representing these children reads a speech, written in Hebrew, that stresses her Israeliness and integration into local life. In the

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“Four Guys and a Hole in the Floor”

Racial Politics of Mobility and Excretion among BC-Based Long Haul Truckers

Amie McLean

initiatives for importing foreign drivers as unskilled laborers, including under the Temporary Foreign Worker program. These programs have been widely criticized for permitting and encouraging the suppression of wages and working conditions, as well as

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Assaf Shapira

claims) were identified. Figure 1 Political claims by year Since the early 1990s, Israel has witnessed an influx of migrant workers admitted to the country according to the ‘foreign worker’, or ‘guest worker’, model. They receive a temporary residence

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Neutrality in foreign aid

Shifting contexts, shifting meanings—examples from South Sudan

Elżbieta Drążkiewicz

of the actual state of affairs, equipped with their own imported presumptions about what constitutes a good politician, foreign workers were calling up the military past of Sudanese leaders as evidence of their aggressive behavior and as an argument