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Seeking Recognition, Becoming Citizens

Achievements and Grievances among Former Combatants from Three Wars

Johanna Söderström

How do former combatants understand and make themselves into a citizen category? Through exploring the life narratives of former combatants from three different wars (Namibia, Colombia, and United States–Vietnam), this article locates similarities in the claims for recognition. The achievements or the grievances associated with the war and their homecoming made them deserving of special recognition from the state, the country, or other veterans. These claims situate these veterans in a political landscape, where they are called upon to mend and affirm the relation with the state, achieve recognition from society, and defend their fellows, which inform their citizenship practices, as it shaped their political mobilization and perceived political status. Through seeking recognition, they affirm their role as citizens.

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The Good, the Bad, and the Awkward

The Making of War Veterans in Postindependence Mozambique

Nikkie Wiegink

Th is article traces the emergence of three categories of war veterans in postindependence Mozambique: former fighters of the liberation war against the Portuguese colonial administration, the former soldiers of the Mozambican Armed Forces, and former Renamo combatants who both fought in the postindependence war. The article follows the emergence, negotiation, contestation, and transformations of these categories through memory politics, bureaucratic practices of inclusion and exclusion, and veterans’ collective political practices “from below.” By showing how some war veterans are come to be regarded as “worthy” of privileged state resources and others as enemies of the state, while again others are in an in-between position, the article shows how war veterans come to occupy specific citizenship positions and that these positions are contingent and changeable over time.

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Transit Migration in Niger

Stemming the Flows of Migrants, but at What Cost?

Sébastien Moretti

desert, migrants must resort to the services of people who know and can navigate territory that is controlled by a nebula of militias, armed groups, and criminals. The Tuareg, in particular, some of whom are former combatants, have taken advantage of this

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Marrying into the Nation

Immigrant Bachelors, French Bureaucrats, and the Conjugal Politics of Naturalization in the Third Republic

Nimisha Barton

]esiding in France for ten years, speaking the French language fluently, [being a] former combatant in the Russian army, being of Russian origin [but] without a precise nationality, married legitimately to a war widow, a mother of a French child aged 15 years

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Matthew Carey, Ida Nielsen Sølvhøj, Eve Monique Zucker, Younes Saramifar and Louis Frankenthaler

opposition to the occupation and the common derision they face in Israeli society. One group—those associated with the Israeli NGO Combatants for Peace—is composed of former combatants, either in the Israeli military or in the Palestinian resistance, who have

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Rethinking France’s “Memory Wars”

Harki Collective Memories, 2003–2010

Laura Jeanne Sims

, former combatants, members of the OAS, 12 and les porteurs de valises 13 —divided by highly codified collective memories. A war, after all, requires the existence of distinct “rival camps.” 14 Yet while scholars have interpreted the “memory wars” as

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Space of Hope for Lebanon’s Missing

Promoting Transitional Justice through a Digital Memorial

Erik Van Ommering and Reem el Soussi

of perpetrators over justice and accountability ( Ghosn and Khoury 2011: 390–391 ). With “no victor, no vanquished” emerging as the guiding principle, and former combatants integrated into positions of power, there has been neither momentum nor