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Pacifying Disruptive Subjects

Police Violence and Anti-Fracking Protests

Will Jackson, Helen Monk, and Joanna Gilmore

This article considers the policing of protests against “fracking” at Barton Moss, Salford, Greater Manchester between November 2013 and April 2014. The article seeks to make sense of the policing response to the protest camp established at the Barton Moss site and to consider what the policing of anti-fracking protests reveals about state responses to resistance in the current era. The article begins by sketching out the background to fracking in the UK and to the specific protest at Barton Moss. It then provides some detail about the nature of policing experienced at the camp during its five-month operation before considering how the policing of anti-fracking protests—and protest policing more generally—need to be considered in relation to the general function of police. To do this we draw upon the concept of pacification to consider both the destructive and productive effects of the exercise of police power and suggest that this concept, and the reorientation of critical policing studies that it demands, are essential for understanding police and state violence in contemporary liberal democracies.

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Sarah Townsend, Anna J. Willow, Emily Stokes-Rees, Katherine Hayes, Peter C. Little, Timothy Murtha, Kristen Krumhardt, Thomas Hendricks, Stephanie Friede, Peter Benson, and Gregorio Ortiz

ANDERSON, E. N., Caring for Place: Ecology, Ideology, and Emotion in Traditional Landscape Management

ÁRNASON, Arnar, Nicolas ELLISON, Jo VERHUNST, and Andrew WHITEHOUSE, eds., Landscapes Beyond Land: Routes, Aesthetics, Narratives

BARNARD, Timothy P., ed., Nature Contained: Environmental Histories of Singapore

BARTHEL-BOUCHIER, Diane, Cultural Heritage and the Challenge of Sustainability

FOOTE, Stephanie and Elizabeth MAZZOLINI, eds., Histories of the Dustheap: Waste, Material Cultures, Social Justice

HAKANSSON, Thomas N. and Mats WIDGREN, eds., Landesque Capital: The Historical Ecology of Enduring Landscape Modifications

PERLMUTTER, David and Robert ROTHSTEIN, The Challenge of Climate Change: Which Way Now?

RUPP, Stephanie, Forests of Belonging: Identities, Ethnicities, and Stereotypes in the Congo River Basin

SODIKOFF, Genese Marie, ed., The Anthropology of Extinction: Essays on Culture and Species Death

SWANSON, Drew A., A Golden Weed: Tobacco and Environment in the Piedmont South

WILBER, Tom, Under the Surface: Fracking, Fortunes, and the Fate of the Marcellus Shale

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“We Do Not Exist”

Illness, Invisibility, and Empowerment of Communities Struck by the Fracking Boom

Kristen M. Schorpp

Gullion, Jessica Smart. 2015. Fracking the Neighborhood: Reluctant Activists and Natural Gas Drilling . Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. Wylie, Sara Ann. 2018. Fractivism: Corporate Bodies and Chemical Bonds . Durham, NC: Duke University Press

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Shubhi Sharma, Rachel Golden Kroner, Daniel Rinn, Camden Burd, Gregorio Ortiz, John Burton, Angus Lyall, Pierre du Plessis, Allison Koch, Yvan Schulz, Emily McKee, Michael Berman, and Peter C. Little

from Presidents and the American Environment with a simple, resounding truth about American environmental history—presidents matter. Camden Burd University of Rochester Gullion, Jessica Smartt. 2015. Fracking the Neighborhood: Reluctant Activists and

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Commoning in New York City, Barcelona, and Paris

Notes and observations from the field

Ida Susser

percent. This too echoes the commons—the multiple movements around housing, health, fracking, nuclear reactors, and student debt. Black Lives Matter has stayed somewhat separate, although many African American youth supported Sanders. Sanders’s demand for

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Making Space for Sanctions

The Economics of German Natural Gas Imports from Russia, 1982 and 2014 Compared

Stephen G. Gross

surplus for which it needs outlets, and it is increasingly facing competition from gas exporters in Australia, the Persian Gulf, and North America with its fracking revolution. 59 Indeed, Gazprom is under severe pressure back home now that Russia

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Coulthard, Glen Sean. Red Skin, White Masks

Rejecting the Colonial Politics of Recognition

Elaine Coburn

up and assume power through direct actions, including dramatic blockades of capital and the state for the purposes of fracking, in places like Elsipogtog, New Brunswick. Second, and relatedly, Coulthard calls for ‘Capitalism, No More!’ (170). The

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Private Politics in the Garden of England

An Atypical Case of Anti–Wind Farm Contention

Matthew Ogilvie

-seekers ( Hubbard 2006 ) to a wide variety of specific local environmental concerns (e.g., unwanted waste, or fracking infrastructure). Local mobilization can be usefully compared to nationally oriented social movements, which tend to involve generalized aims (e

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Symbolizing Destruction

Environmental Activism, Moral Shocks, and the Coal Industry

Alison E. Adams, Thomas E. Shriver, and Landen Longest

; Norgaard 2011a , 2011b ), fracking ( Davidson 2019 ), and environmental illness (Jacobson 2017). Indeed, this is a burgeoning field of inquiry within environmental sociology, with many aspects yet unexplored ( Kennedy and Johnston 2019 ; Norgaard and Reed

Open access

Icelandic Resource Landscapes and the State

Experiments in Energy, Capital, and Aluminium

James Maguire

group of geologists liked to point out to me while on fieldwork; ‘the history of geothermal is almost 100 years old, this is stable, sustainable: this is not fracking’. What these geologists had not accounted for were the forms of economic acceleration