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“I Showed You What I Thought Was Appropriate”

Reflections on Longitudinal Ethnographic Research and the Performativity of Dutch Gang Life

Robert A. Roks

intercom amplify my nervousness. It has been four years since I spoke to Raymond, and my anxiety stems from our last interactions. On WhatsApp, we had a falling out about the publication of my research on the Dutch gang that Raymond founded in the late 1980

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Hegemonic Masculinity and “Badness”

How Young Women Bargain with Patriarchy “On Road”

Clare Choak

. To explore how hegemonic masculinity and emphasized femininity are inscribed on women's bodies, “road culture” (which can include gang activity) is explored. Anthony Gunter (2008: 352) explains road culture as a “a small minority of young males or

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Ecuador's “black site”

On prison securitization and its zones of legal silence

Chris Garces

When a state of emergency in Ecuador's prison system was declared in 2007, municipal leaders in Guayaquil built the country's first “supermax” prison, La Roca, for the administrative segregation of inmates considered a security threat. I suggest that administrative curtailment of access to these so-called “worst of the worst” prisoners merits legal comparisons with the juridical status of detainees in US “black site” facilities, the inter-American drug wars now paralleling the global war on terror insofar as prisoners' rights are concerned. Contrasting my brief visit to La Roca with political-economic and media analysis, my article draws two conclusions: (1) that limited physical access to prisoners, stimulated by administrative “zones of legal silence”, demands an ethnographic focus on daily conditions of prison life using inconsistencies in administrative rhetoric; and (2) that measures to securitize the prison system have augmented prison directors' powers to coerce inmates and to confound understandings of their living conditions.

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Ceasing Fire and Seizing Time

LA Gang Tours and the White Control of Mobility

Sarah Sharma and Armonds R. Towns

It is a regular summer day in July 2012 in the Pueblo del Rio Housing Projects in South Los Angeles the first time Armond, a heavily tattooed former Bloods gang member, takes a drive through the neighborhood. Pueblo del Rio is home to the 52

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“It's Not Being Racist, but … ”

A Youth Gang and the Creation of Belonging Based on “Othering”

Sinead Gormally

This qualitative study demonstrates how one youth gang, in an area fictionalized to Dixonvale, Scotland, construct their group identity by othering a migrant community. Simultaneously, these young people are often pathologized by wider societal

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“Smile Now, Cry Later”

Chicana and Mexicana Homegirls Trespassing/Reinforcing Linguistic, Gendered, and Political Borders

Lena Carla Palacios

Review of Norma Mendoza-Denton’s Homegirls: Language and Cultural Practice among Latina Youth Gangs

Open access

Telling Tales?

Subjective Ethnography and Situated Narratives in Longitudinal Research on Violence in Nicaragua

Dennis Rodgers

out of “the field,” with particular reference to the ethnography of violence. Drawing on the ongoing longitudinal ethnographic research on gangs and violence that I have been carrying out since 1996 in barrio Luis Fanor Hernández, 2 a poor

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Why do drug dealers still live with their moms?

Contrasting views from Chicago and Managua

Dennis Rodgers

Although there exists a significant corpus of literature describing how urban gangs can be involved in various forms of illegal economic activity (e.g., Bourgois 1995 ; Contreras 2012 ; Hagedorn 1988 ; Padilla 1992 ; Sánchez-Jankowski 1991

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“Eyes, Ears, and Wheels”

Policing Partnerships in Nairobi, Kenya

Francesco Colona and Tessa Diphoorn

Africa has empirically centered around non-state actors, which broadly refers to actors who are not (directly) aligned to or working within the larger state apparatus. These studies have focused on gangs ( Jensen 2008a ; van Stapele 2015 ), vigilante

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Violence makes safe in South African prisons

Prison gangs, violent acts, and victimization among inmates

Marie Rosenkrantz Lindegaard and Sasha Gear

That gangs have a prominent place in South African prison violence—like in many other geographical contexts—has become increasingly clear. Based on qualitative research among South African inmates and ex-inmates, we propose that prison gangs be considered adaptation strategies to the extremely coercive and oppressive environments of prisons. We focus on the relationship between gang involvement in prison, violent acts among inmates, and the risk of being subjected to violence during incarceration. By providing emic perspectives, we aim to demonstrate how inmates negotiate three types of social roles, largely defined by their ability and willingness to use violence: franse, gangster, and wyfie. Our findings suggest that prison gangs may jeopardize the personal safety of inmates, but can also paradoxically offer some inmates the opportunity to establish a sense of safety and agency by avoiding random violence.