). According to the Education for All Report 2014 for the Arab States, in 1999, six countries—Jordan, Kuwait, Oman, Palestine, Qatar, and United Arab Emirates (UAE)—had achieved gender parity in primary schools, and have maintained it throughout the EFA period
A Case in Education for the Gulf Cooperation Council Countries
Faryal Khan and Maricel Fernandez-Carag
Progressive liturgists seek to introduce gender parity into the first paragraph of the Amidah by adding the names of the Matriarchs immediately after those of the Patriarchs. I argue that this misrepresents their marriages and the role played by the concubines. A more balanced understanding is made possible by distancing the names of the Matriarchs from those of their husbands, and inserting them in the form of a brief piyyut, composed of biblical citations, just before the concluding blessing formula. The proposed insertion reflects the agency displayed by the Matriarchs and alludes obliquely to the concubines. Account is taken of the appropriateness of the piyyut for use in traditional settings.
Sarah E. Summers
This article explores the connections between West German autonomous women's movement and the green movement from inception of the green movement in the 1970s until its institutionalization with the Green Party in the 1980s. I argue that understanding the role of feminism in the movement and vice versa requires scholars to rethink the autonomous strategies of the New Women's Movement. In doing so, I contend that autonomous feminists understood the wider implications of the green movement beyond ecological preservation, thus aiding in the transition to political party. Entangling the two movements also highlights the limits of gender equality in the Green Party as it implemented the quota system in the 1980s, and offers lessons for the potential future success of gender parity in German politics.
Louise K. Davidson-Schmich
This article examines the candidates for the 2009 Bundestag election and asks three questions. First, did German political parties comply with their voluntarily-adopted gender quotas for their electoral lists—both in terms of the numbers of women nominated and their placement on the party list? Second, did parties without gender quotas place female candidates in promising list places? In other words, did quotas exert a “contagion effect“ and spur political groups without quotas to promote women's political careers? Third, what propensity did all parties have to nominate female candidates for direct mandate seats? Did the quotas used for the second vote have a spillover effect onto the first vote, improving women's odds of being nominated for constituency seats? I find that while the German parties generally complied with the gender quotas for their electoral lists, these quotas have had only limited contagion effects on other parties and on the plurality half of the ballot. Gender quotas in their current form have reached their limits in increasing women's representation to the Bundestag. To achieve gender parity, a change in candidate selection procedures, especially for direct mandates, would be required.
Brexit, Sustainability, Economics, Companies’ Responsibilities, and Current Representations
about societal processes and their consequences for the other two spheres. In the third article, Faryal Khan and Maricel Fernandez-Carag present a critical case analysis of gender parity in the Sultanate of Oman as partner of the Gulf Cooperation Council
Caught between social tradition and economic globalization
Khuat Thu Hong
development pointed out that there are recurrent and new challenges in a number of major aspects of gender parity and women’s rights and welfare that the member states have to address. These challenges include: (a) age structure, women’s care and unpaid work
Narratives of Four Jamaican Girls’ Identity and Academic Success
Rowena Linton and Lorna McLean
privileging men as a group over women, feminism continues to evolve in its commitment to empower and bring about gender parity and equality for all women—those of colour, white, working-class, economically privileged, physically challenged, able bodied
through EFA Goals 2 and 5; the first of which focused on achieving gender parity and universal primary education while the second aspired to eliminate all gender barriers at all levels of education by 2015. UNICEF was a principal actor in MDGs 2 and 3, and
Selin Çağatay, Olesya Khromeychuk, Stanimir Panayotov, Zlatina Bogdanova, Margarita Karamihova and Angelina Vacheva
history of women’s activism. In addition, this chapter provides information on the contemporary strategies used around the world to increase women’s parliamentary representation, such as gender parity and quotas or international law norms such as the
Two Women and Two Men in a Changing Time
, was perceived by many as a pivotal moment when equality between men and women in all domains could be reached. However, despite the law of gender parity 5 requiring that political parties have ‘equal gender representation’ ( Khalil 2014: 194 ), the