relations, gender relations—that is, the classification and hierarchization of the social world into male or female domains—constitutes the most pervasive one, which at the same time is commonly perceived as the least social but most natural ordering scheme
Discursive Assertions of Mobility Futures
Climate Change, Gender Relations, and Situational Analysis
Jonas Østergaard Nielsen
Since the major Sahelian droughts and famines of the early 1970s and 1980s, international development and aid organizations have played a large role in the small village of Biidi 2, located in northern Burkina Faso. This article explores how a visit by a development 'expert' to the village can be analyzed as a social situation in which normal social control is suspended and negotiated. Focusing on gender relations, the analysis shows how the women of Biidi 2 involved in the event were relatively free to construct alternative definitions of their identity and social position vis-à-vis the men.
Popularization, Representational Politics, and Social Identities
political correctness. Furthermore, in Greece the development of motorcycling coincided with major changes involving the emergence of new counterhegemonic practices and gender relations. Here, I adopt the term politicality to indicate the kind of
The Making of Sunni versus Shi'ite Test-Tube Babies
Marcia C. Inhorn
In vitro fertilisation and even newer assisted reproductive technologies are part of everyday life in the contemporary Middle East. There, IVF is practised according to local Islamic norms, which have been reinforced by fatwas from lead- ing religious authorities. As this article will show, ideological differences between dominant Sunni and minority Shi’ite forms of Islam are currently shaping the practices of test-tube baby-making in the Muslim world, particularly regarding the use of third-party gamete donation and new technologies to overcome male infertility. Such divergences have led to gender transformations within infertile marriages in the Muslim Middle East, with potentially profound implications for women’s marital security and family formation.
In recent years in Iran some forms of gender relations typical for a traditional society have undergone significant transformation. 1 One such change concerns marriage, whose dynamics involve modifications in the family structure and redefinition
Teacher Complicity in Gender Inequality in a Middle School
’s philosophy. As such, the site is a rich environment in which to study gender relations between students, and between them and teachers. In order to gain access to the site, an Institutional Review Board approval (IRB) was obtained both from my university and
A Reconsideration of the Pentecostal Gender Paradox
break with patriarchal institutions without breaking with them. However, is it the case that gender relations change Pentecostalism, or does Pentecostalism change what gender is? I maintain that only if the latter is ignored can we claim that there is a
Some Examples from Spanish Museums
Lourdes Prados Torreira
Through the items in archaeological museums’ collections, it is possible to create inclusive narratives and discourses in which different social groups, ethnicities, age groups, and genders can and must be present. With this in mind, we shall focus our attention on some Spanish archaeological museums inaugurated in recent years, with the aim of analyzing how they have represented and represent women, which roles are assigned to women within the collective community, and how gender relations in past societies are illustrated.
Adam LeBor, City of Oranges: An Intimate History of Arabs and Jews in Jaffa (New York: W.W. Norton, 2006).
Daniel Monterescu and Dan Rabinowitz, eds., Mixed Towns, Trapped Communities: Historical Narratives, Spatial Dynamics, Gender Relations and Cultural Encounters in Palestinian-Israeli Towns (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2007).
Daphna Sharfman, Eli Nachmias, and Johnny Mansour, eds., The Secret of Coexistence: Jews and Arabs in Haifa during the British Mandate in Palestine, 1920–1948 (Charleston, SC: Booksurge, 2007).
Haim Yacobi, The Jewish-Arab City: Spatio-Politics in a Mixed Community (London: Routledge, 2009).
Feminist Movements across the Board (A Critical Analysis)
Barbara Franchi, Natália S. Perez and Giovanni A. Travaglino
Feminist movements have had a fundamental impact on social life in many different parts of the world. Reforms in marriage and private property laws, as well as change in spheres as diverse as sexual life, contraception, and the work-place have had profound consequences on the way we conceptualize, act and signify gender relations. Feminist thinkers and activists have also brought attention to the impact that the intersectionality of racism, heterosexism, poverty and religious intolerance (among many other factors) can have in people’s lives.