This article explores the lack of controversy over genetically modified objects (GMOs) in the daily life of a research laboratory in Canada. Scientific perceptions of GMOs and the types of knowledge valued in scientific research contribute toward an absence of discussion on the wider social implications of GMOs. Technical and epistemic knowledge are crucial for the success of a scientific project, whereas discussion of the social values involved may be allocated to particular settings, people, or research stages. GMOs, within scientific circles, are seen as many individual projects with different goals, rather than as a single object. Therefore, according to this view, it is inappropriate to be opposed to or to support GMOs in general, without first ascertaining the specifics of a particular project. How then are scientists engaged in seemingly local, distinct projects seen as globally defending this technology? Scientific expertise unevenly translates into political voice, transforming into silences as well as debates.
Objects without everyday controversy
Technologies of the Quantified Self in Andrew Niccol's In Time and Michael Anderson's Logan's Run
As a film about a science fictional future in which genetic engineering is used to guard against the threat of overpopulation, Andrew Niccol's In Time (2011) bears a remarkable resemblance to Michael Anderson's environmental dystopia Logan's Run (1976). This article traces the narrative similarities of these two dystopian ecocinematic Hollywood productions, while demonstrating how they succeed as social critiques of technoscientific social regimes that wreak havoc on the Earth and its inhabitants. Borrowing from Michel Foucault's theories of a biopolitics of the population, this article argues that both film-makers' works contribute to our understanding of the potentially culturally and environmentally devastating implications of genetic engineering. Seen through the lens of Foucault's ideas about the disciplinary technologies of the self-regulated subject, the article suggests that Niccol's In Time is particularly noteworthy for its creative problematizing of the increasing normalization of high-tech bodily modification, enhancement, and digital quantification.
Science, Capitalism and the Commodification of Biodiversity
A recent article in the popular journal Scientific American begins with the claim that scientists have succeeded in “cracking the code of life.” Two decades ago, such an announcement would have been met with wonder and amazement. Today, it is likely to elicit a far more subdued response. Over the past few years, we have grown accustomed to reading about the “miracles” of modern science. The expanding use of new reproductive technologies, genetic engineering, prosthetics, and cloning to name but a few of the most astonishing advances, have allowed us to become habituated to the dizzying pace of scientific discoveries. The ability of science to impress us with its seemingly impossible feats has become “extraordinarily ordinary” over the past five years (Hayden 1998).
Between Religion, Regulation, and Globalization
) and their implications for biotechnology and genetic engineering. Another type of study deals with how diverse groups of Jews in the global diaspora negotiate kosher principles and practices ( Buckser 1999 ; Diamond 2000 , 2002 ; Klein 2012 ). These
Jane M. Kubiesa, Looi van Kessel, Frank Jacob, Robert Wood and Paul Gordon Kramer
idea of the real and non-traditional child with a broader literary focus to cover the monstrous child as “unsettling rather than horrifying” (297). This notional non-traditional child first becomes the result of genetic engineering, and then develops
Strand . 2007 . “ Models of Science and Policy .” In Biosafety First: Holistic Approaches to Risk and Uncertainty in Genetic Engineering and Genetically Modified Organisms , ed. Terje Traavik and Li.C. Lim , pp. 263 – 278 . Trondheim, Norway
Taking Different Worlds Seriously
Sociology of a Genetic Engineering Technique: Ritual and Rationality in the Performance of the ‘Plasmid Prep.’” In The Right Tools for the Job: At Work in Twentieth-Century Life Sciences , ed. Adele E. Clarke and Joan H. Fujimura , 77 – 114
A Story of Media and Academia in Israel, 1977–2013
Hagai Boas and Ayelet Baram-Tsabari
Exact sciences 92 19.3 Physics, Chemistry, Medicine, Biology, Geology, ComputerScience, etc. Immunology, Genetic Engineering in Plants, The History of Mediterranean Geology, Black Holes and White Dwarves Social sciences 43 9 Economics, Law, Education
The Social Worlds of Wheat
contamination by genetically modified wheat from experimental plots [ Wines 2013 ]). Despite the delays in genetically engineering wheat, yields have increased dramatically through conventional breeding, from a worldwide average of 1.1 metric tons per hectare in