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The Contribution of Social Movement Theory to Understanding Genocide

Evidence from Rwanda

Aliza Luft

2015, I made a similar argument, suggesting that social movement theory has much to contribute to understanding genocide ( Luft 2015a ). In particular, I argued that the same mobilization mechanisms found in other forms of contentious politics are often

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Visual Storytelling about Genocide, Displacement, and Exile

Encounters with Rithy Panh

Katarzyna Grabska

Sontag (2007) “For Me Cinema Means Freedom”: Art, Alternative Stories, and Alternative Knowledge about Genocide and Displacement When I arrived in France, after four years under the Khmer Rouge regime, I wanted to live very simply and forget

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Locality and the Hidden Realities of Genocide

Dennis Klein

This article looks at the significance of local circumstances, including direct encounters between victims and assailants, in the genocide process. In what scholars term “the micropolitical turn in the study of social violence,“ the argument here considers the encounter from the perspectives of both constituent parties. Assailants often acted before they thought, raising questions about the premise of intention and calculation that anchors the defining Article 2 in the United Nations Genocide Convention. Victims in local encounters express in their accounts a recognition of their assailants and describe what amounts to a betrayal of the trust they invested in their compatriots. Expressions of recognition in witness accounts attenuate victims' resentment and recrimination, opening a space that permitted possibilities for postgenocide reconciliation and even qualified forgiveness.

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Speaking of the Holocaust

From Silence to Knowledge and Back Again

Keith Kahn-Harris

beyond the reach of the Nazis: all were forced to confront it, to understand what happened, to grapple with what it meant to be a Jew and a human being after the genocide. One major component of that generational project involved finding a language in

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Howard Jacobson's J: A Novel and the Counterfactual Imagination

Sue Vice

's engagement with the paradox that the very act of erasure draws attention to what is being ruled out. 2 In this article, I will ask whether the audacious project of imagining the aftermath of genocide in Britain is part of a metaphysical or a more

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Carceral Repair

Methane Extraction in Lake Kivu, Rwanda

Kristin Doughty

immediate aftermath of the 1994 genocide against the Tutsis’ ( Government of Rwanda 2000: 3 ) as its point of departure, and was framed as a ‘reconstruction of the nation of Rwanda and its social capital’ (2000: 10). That is, expanding energy production

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Looking without Seeing

Visual Literacy in Light of Holocaust Photography

Christophe Busch

related to the Holocaust are indeed large in volume and broad in subject matter. It is, after all, one of the first genocides to take place in an early information age in which the technical possibilities of capturing and reproducing images were widely

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Unsettling Monstrosity in Rhymes for Young Ghouls

Sol Neely

countervailing forces of cyclical, palimpsestic violence. There is no place outside of violence to stand—either for characters within the film or for the audience. All possibility for the future begins only in the wake of disaster—the genocidal disaster of

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“There Was No Genocide in Rwanda”

History, Politics, and Exile Identity among Rwandan Rebels in the Eastern Congo Conflict

Anna Hedlund

This article analyzes how the 1994 genocide in Rwanda is recalled and described by members of a Hutu rebel group, the Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Rwanda (FDLR) whose leadership can be linked to the 1994 atrocities in Rwanda. The article explores how individuals belonging to this rebel group, currently operating in the eastern territories of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), articulate, contest, and oppose the dominant narrative of the Rwandan genocide. Based on ethnographic fieldwork with members of the FDLR in a rebel camp, this article shows how a community of exiled fighters and second-generation Hutu refugees contest the official version of genocide by constructing a counterhistory of it. Through organized practices such as political demonstrations and military performances, it further shows how political ideologies and violence are being manufactured and reproduced within a setting of military control.

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‘The impossible only takes a little longer’, or what may be learned from the Argentine experience of justice

Katja Seidel

This article discusses the meaning of justice in the context of cosmopolitan law and human rights movements in Argentina. Specifically, it addresses the practice of , an alternative path to justice introduced by the organisation HIJOS, and the current trials against the ‘perpetrators’ of the last military regime. In doing so, the article traces the connection between an emergent consciousness of genocide as a historical ‘truth’ and the innovative localisation of cosmopolitan law in order to meet this ‘truth’ on a juridical level. As such it offers the idea of social and legal practices to be analysed not just as local articulations of justice, but as legal theory productions with potential lessons for elsewhere.