understand the social factors that support rape and how they might be transformed, many of the best-known examples fail to do so” (2017: 116). I argue that YA paranormal romance uses genre tropes to engage with the implicit embedded nature of rape culture and
Possession as Rape in Young Adult Paranormal Romance
The Classical Union of Athletic and Intellectual Masculinities in Charles Reade's Hard Cash
Marc Milton Ducusin
Charles Reade's sensation novel Hard Cash (1863) ostensibly divides the qualities of athletic and intellectual prowess between its two main male characters, the Oxford rower Edward Dodd and the more academically inclined Alfred Hardie. Their contrasted pairing iterates the sensation genre's trope of doubled identities, while Reade's depiction of their respective aptitudes draws heavily on Classical ideals of male beauty and philosophical learning. Complicating the dichotomy, Alfred increasingly comes to embody the need for cohesion of body and intellect, thus illustrating Reade's vision of Oxford as a 'modern Athens' that 'cultivates muscle as well as mind.'