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The Gift and Open Science

Henrik Egbert

science. In contrast to open science, in proprietary science scientists and organisations can restrict open access to the produced goods. The objective of this article is to draw attention to open science as a gift system. More particularly, I refer to

Open access

The Orthodox Charismatic Gift

Giuseppe Tateo

Bucharest. Depending on the context, the Romanian word har stands for the ‘divine grace’, ‘charisma’, or ‘gift’ that descends on priests and monks as a result of ordination or as a special quality granted directly by God. The alleged lack or abundance of

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The Gift of The Nation

Marcel Mauss and the Intersocial Turn of Sociology

Francesco Callegaro

relations, he took bold steps forward and anticipated his future Essay on the Gift , incidentally revealing the political significance of anthropology, once oriented by the principles, questions and methods of sociology. An old intersocial tradition waiting

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Repaying and Cherishing the Gift of Life

Gift Exchange and Living-related Kidney Transplantation in the Philippines

Yosuke Shimazono

This paper considers living-related kidney transplantation, especially that between family members in the Philippines. Drawing on the anthropological theory of gift, it explores two aspects of the gift relationship—the relationship between the donor and the recipient and the relationship between the recipient and the object—and describes two categories of acts—'acknowledging the debt/repaying the gift of life' and 'taking care of a kidney/cherishing the gift'. This paper seeks to show that there is an internal tension in live kidney transplantation between two rival principles of gift operative in the world of Filipino family and kinship: one akin to the Maussian or 'archaic' gift and the other that places cherishing of the gift over repaying of the debt.

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'If I Receive It, It Is a Gift; If I Demand It, Then It Is a Bribe'

On the Local Meaning of Economic Transactions in Post-Soviet Ukraine

Abel Polese

Challenging the main reports of corruption in Ukraine, this article proposes that most of the 'economic transactions' that are reported as bribe taking have a deeper meaning and can be analysed within the framework of gift exchange proposed by Marcel Mauss. This paper thus focuses on the three alleged most 'corrupted' places in Ukraine: a university, a hospital and a police control post, in order to develop a detailed analysis of the meanings behind these transactions. Furthermore, it examines the particular role that social actors take within these arrangements. Finally, I propose the recognition of a grey zone between corruptions as evident in the ethnographic examples analysed in the course of this paper.

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The Look as a Call to Freedom

On the Possibility of Sartrean Grace

Sarah Horton

maintaining that receiving the look only in shame is bad faith because the look is the gift of the world. Indeed, I argue that the look is not fundamentally shame-inducing except insofar as one is in bad faith. Dolezal and Mui, as well as Katherine J. Morris

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Trading Futures

Sadaqah, social enterprise, and the polytemporalities of development gifts

Tom Widger and Filippo Osella

, a non-profit initiative of a wealthy Muslim family originating in a gift of sadaqah (voluntary charity) delivered via the corporate social responsibility (CSR) team of the company they own, was one of three options for medical treatment available

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Socialities of solidarity

Revisiting the gift taboo in times of crises

Katerina Rozakou

This article addresses solidarity and the opening of social spaces in the relations between refugees and residents of Greece who try to help them. ‘Socialities of solidarity’ materialise alternative worldviews; they are loci for the production of lateral relationships; places inhabited by the prospects that derive from the political production of sociality. The article discusses the ‘gift taboo’, dominant in the pre‐crisis era, that reflects the risks of giving to the formation of horizontal relationships. In the contemporary ‘European refugee crisis, and other crises, the gift taboo has collapsed, posing challenges to the egalitarian visions of sociality.

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The Gift in Cyberspace

Denise Carter

With the continuing movement of social life into new types of places such as cyberspace the function and meaning of gift-exchange has emerged as being an important anthropological tool for the investigation of social relations online. In cyberspace several fascinating questions come into light, for example: what kinds of gifts are exchanged in cyberspace; how are these gifts exchanged there and what does the exchange of gifts in cyberspace signify? An analysis of the 'gift of time' is particularly pertinent when investigating friendship in virtual communities because gift exchange in cyberspace can be related to notions of reciprocity and trust. For example, my own ethnographic research in Cybertown, a virtual community on the Internet, suggests that one important concept for friendship in Cybertown is the exchange of the 'gift of time', and highlights its role in the creation of trust and reciprocity. In explaining this phenomenon, this paper examines the function and meaning of gift exchange in Cybertown in relation to contemporary theoretical notions of the gift, explains what kinds of obligations gifts engender and what role gift practices play in creating networks of friendship.

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Expectations of the Gift: Toward a Future-Oriented Taxonomy of Transactions

Article with comments and response

Guido Sprenger, Anthony J. Pickles, Ilana Gershon, Joel Robbins, Rebecca Bryant, and Marilyn Strathern

relates to classifications of relationships in the field, is thus of central importance for the description and comparison of societies. Currently, gift exchange, commodity trade, and sharing are major taxa in the taxonomy of transactions in the social