This article is a history of the making of the term global inequality . 1 Today, global inequality is often presented as one of the defining issues of our present. 2 The United Nations defines inequality as one of the grand challenges facing
A Conceptual History, 1945–1980
Christian Olaf Christiansen
At a time when political, social and environmental inequalities proliferate around the globe, anthropologists need to be equipped to diagnose, analyse and respond. This review of the anthropological research published in European journals in 2017 identifies three sets of tensions for an inquiry into global inequalities: first, between macro political economy processes and their localised workings/effects; second, between institutional processes of legitimisation and their everyday forms of resistance; and third, between future‐oriented projects of change and the political demands of the present. Taken together, these sets of tensions not only offer a starting point for analysing how global inequalities are locally channelled, experienced and acted on from below, but also point to the political and methodological challenges that anthropologists face in today's neoliberal climate of higher education.
The case of Ukrainian reforms in higher education
Despite the diversity of socio-political and economic contexts, educational transformations in post-socialist states have some common trends: orientation towards the ‘West’ and denial of the socialist past; marketisation of higher education through the introduction and extension of paid services, as well as promotion of competition for public funding; economisation of higher education via adjustment to the amount of economic resources and labour market demand. In this article, I analyse how those trends have been reflected in political practices and public discourses in the case of Ukrainian higher education reforms since the ‘Euromaidan’ events in 2013–2014. The research shows that, in the Ukrainian case, concepts of orientation towards the ‘West’, marketisation and economisation of higher education are the key elements of local opinion makers’ political rhetoric that play a crucial role in the process of legitimisation of neoliberal reforms in higher education.
Chelsea Cormier McSwiggin
Harlan Koff, Carmen Maganda, Edith Kauffer, Julia Ros Cuellar, and Citlalli Alhelí González Hernández
, and we have contextualized these discussions by focusing on global inequalities and their local manifestations. Like many people, our fear has been (and continues to be) that a “return to normal” represents a return to unsustainable development and
Elena Fiddian-Qasmiyeh and Mette Louise Berg
have enabled many people in Europe and North America to start traveling again for work, to visit family, or for pleasure, yet long-standing global inequalities and inequities have persisted, with deadly effect. At the time of writing (end of February
global inequalities that it is meant to alleviate ( Crane 2013 ). Acknowledging Rajan’s observations about the mechanisms of biocapital, but directing my attention toward the ways that these mechanisms unfold in the lives of “experimental subjects,” I
The Story of Homo Resiliens in Film Documentaries on the Anthropocene
stance of the Capitalocene ( Moore 2016 ) or the Technosphere ( Haff 2014 ) and other notions to decenter the biological category of humans in favor of a reflection on historical dynamics and global inequalities ( Dürbeck 2018b: 9–10 ). Bonneuil moreover
Ted Nordhaus and Michael Shellenberger. Break Through: From the Death of Environmentalism to the Politics of Possibility. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 2007.
J. Timmons Roberts and Bradley C. Parks. A Climate of Injustice: Global Inequality, North-South Politics, and Climate Policy. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2007.