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Daniel Canaris

A persistent feature in Jesuit reports about the late Ming and early Qing was the notion that an enduring peace and concord pervaded the Chinese political system. Although the Jesuits did not invent this association, which was rooted in Greco-Roman historiography, the Jesuit encyclopaedist Antonio Possevino (1533–1611) was the first to link the ‘perpetual peace’ (perpetua pax) and ‘supreme concord’ (summa concordia) of the Chinese state to the Confucian intellectual tradition. As the Jesuits’ missionary strategy developed under the tutelage of Matteo Ricci (1552–1610), ‘public peace’ (pax publica) and ‘the calm of the Republic’ (Republica quies) came to be perceived as the ultimate purpose of the Confucian precepts and one of the hinges on which the aims of Christianity, Confucianism and natural law can be reconciled. The supreme expression of the link between Confucianism and peace can be found in the Confucius Sinarum philosophus (1687), which presented for the first time an accessible translation of three of the four Confucian classics. Yet while retaining the view that pre-Qin Confucianism espoused peace as a central political aim, the Confucius Sinarum philosophus challenged the view that contemporary China could be regarded as a utopic actualization of Confucian peace. This paper will discuss this shift as an attempt to coopt the Chinese political experience as an argument against the pragmatic political philosophy known as ‘reason of state’, which was perceived by Jesuit thinkers as atheistic and immoral.

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Matthew Dimmock

Starting with the observation that there is a failure in an English language of “difference” associated with travel and trade in the late sixteenth century, this article explores the nature and consequences of that failure. Particular emphasis is placed on conversion—the evaluation and acceptance of an “alien” body into the Anglican community—and an analysis of John Foxe's A sermon preached at the christening of a certaine Iew (1578) and Meredith Hanmer's The Baptizing of a Turke (1586). Diplomatic and travel texts are considered to demonstrate the use of an earlier lexicon of heresy alongside contemporary ideas concerning the equivalence of Roman Catholicism, Judaism, and Islam. In the last decade or so many scholars have identified problems with the critical language in which these issues are discussed, in particular the notion of early modern England and its “others”. In evaluating the failure of a language of “difference,” this article suggests an alternative critical vocabulary.

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Ada Rapoport-Albert

(26 October 1945–18 June 2020)

Joanna Weinberg

their work. Each paper that Ada wrote was a gem, the fruit of deep immersion in the subject of her enquiry. In the last years of her life, many of these articles were collected into weighty volumes. The first of these, Women and the Messianic Heresy

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Anna Sapir Abulafia

, Harlow 2011. 3 Enarrationes in Psalmos 40, no. 14, ed. E. Dekkers and I. Fraipont, CCSL 38, Turnhout 1956, 459; John Watt, ‘Parisian Theologians and the Jews: Peter Lombard and Peter Cantor’, in The Medieval Church: Universities, Heresy, and the

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Jane F. Hacking, Jeffrey S. Hardy, and Matthew P. Romaniello

stood “far off” from European Russia, serving as both a physical and psychological place of distant separation. Such convents also held local women from the complex Siberian frontier, often for spiritual crimes such as the heresy of Old Belief. The

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The Complexity of History

Russia and Steven Pinker’s Thesis

Nancy Shields Kollmann

law and legal procedure. I read the law and case law of homicide, recidivist theft and robbery, and major political and religious crime (in Muscovy’s theocratic ideology, witchcraft, heresy, treason, and rebellion all qualified as assaults on the state

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Ism Concepts in Science and Politics

Jani Marjanen

rhetoric of grouping isms together became politically relevant in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. At this time, there was an influx of ism words in French and English describing religious heresies. After this, new isms have appeared to describe

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Marc Saperstein and Ruth Scott

investigate the heresy of ‘Judaizing’ – i.e., Christians observing a Jewish practice or professing a Jewish belief – by those whose grandparents or great-grandparents had been forcibly converted. The Inquisition had jurisdiction only over Christians; it was

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Gender and Empire

The Imprisonment of Women in Eighteenth-Century Siberia

Gwyn Bourlakov

of the Monastic Chancellery in the seventeenth century did eliminate monastic immunities in all but religious crimes (belief, heresy, and aspects of family law), the 1669 Criminal Articles allowed for the church to have oversight in secular court so

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Valentina Napolitano

discourse that has emerged around Francis is above all conflicted, riven with tensions between center and periphery, dogma and heresy, abstract theology and theology of practice, the West and the ‘racialized Rest’. The first elected Pope from the Americas