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Introduction

Hierarchy, Value, and the Value of Hierarchy

Naomi Haynes and Jason Hickel

Modern man is virtually incapable of fully recognizing [hierarchy]. For a start, he simply fails to notice it. If it does force itself on his attention he tends to eliminate it as an epiphenomenon. Should he finally accept it, as I did, he must

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The Good, the Bad, and the Dead

The Place of Destruction in the Organization of Social Life, Which Means Hierarchy

Frederick H. Damon

is there in social life that makes destruction so often the condition of creation, the dead the lead-in to the good? The relationship between destruction and hierarchy is the problem, although in some social contexts hierarchy is desocialized into

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Islam and Pious Sociality

The Ethics of Hierarchy in the Tablighi Jamaat in Pakistan

Arsalan Khan

upon’ by those more pious than oneself (cf. Mittermaier 2011 ). In other words, Tablighis acquire pious virtue by living in a world of pious sociality structured by an ethics of hierarchy. Second, I argue that this contrasts sharply with the Islamists

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The Swiss Paradox

Egalitarianism and Hierarchy in a Model Democracy

Marina Gold

The Swiss system of direct democracy is in many ways paradoxical. The federal structure counteracts the formation of centralizing state hierarchies and protects the egalitarian representation of local political interests. Simultaneously, local political structures can have hierarchical and exclusionary effects, especially when democratic processes are turned into values. This article considers the tensions between egalitarian and hierarchical values in Swiss democratic structures in the wake of the rise of anti-foreigner and anti-EU passions harnessed by extreme right-wing parties. These tensions are heightened in the context of global processes that are transforming the structures of the state, as corporate power undermines state apparatuses with the potential to subvert democratic practices.

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Tajik Male Labour Migration and Women Left Behind

Can They Resist Gender and Generational Hierarchies?

Mary Elaine Hegland

Poverty and unemployment send at least one million Tajiks to Russia for low-level labour migration. The migrants, mainly male, leave women behind to manage on their own. As a result, women have to work all the harder to try to feed themselves and their children, often against great odds. Male migrant labour to Russia, along with unemployment, alcoholism, drug dependency and other problems, also results in a shortage of marriageable males. This is a serious problem because Tajiks expect girls to marry early. Globalisation, poverty and male labour migration serve to exacerbate existing gender and generational hierarchies.

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Stephan Feuchtwang

Instead of amplifying Louis Dumont’s (1972) Homo Hierarchicus as the locus classicus of the anthropological conception of hierarchy, I shall take his work back to an earlier publication by another French master, Marcel Mauss. In doing so, I

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Vertical Love

Forms of Submission and Top-Down Power in Orthodox Ethiopia

Diego Maria Malara and Tom Boylston

exercise of top-down power in Ethiopia co-exists with and depends upon asymmetrical or hierarchical understandings of love and mediation, exemplified by relationships between saints and people, between parents and children, and ultimately between God and

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Battle of Cosmologies

The Catholic Church, Adat, and ‘Inculturation’ among Northern Lio, Indonesia

Signe Howell

whole and neglects or subordinates the human individual” ( Dumont 1986: 279 ). Within holistic ideologies, the parts are organized according to a hierarchical system of value in which the whole encompasses the parts (cf. Dumont 1979 , 1986 ). Lio adat

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Afterword

After the commons—commoning!

Don Kalb

skill have always known, and as women have experienced. Universalism in ideology does in itself not prevent hierarchy and domination in its execution, and indeed in its very functioning from within. But overall, this was Göran Therborn’s (1995

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Valentina Mitkova

accepted as nationally representative, and their having a significant role within the native cultural context is on treating women’s literature through the relation of the gendered hierarchy of authorship. The article attempts to demonstrate how this