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Eternity and Print

How Medieval Ideas of Time Influenced the Development of Mechanical Reproduction of Texts and Images

Bennett Gilbert

that belief, the “age of print” follows directly upon what may be called, for symmetry's sake but a little awkwardly, the “age of eternity.” While the advent of printing is intensely studied as the history of technology and as socio-cultural history, it

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Pushkar Sohoni

Abstract

The domestication and use of animals is an integral part of the history of technology, as beasts were used to improve the efficiency of agricultural, military, and transportation activities. Individuals and social groups often had to be introduced along with animal technologies, as the domestication, breeding, training, and handling of animals was a culture that could not be immediately learned. In the age of European empires, several ethnic groups were imported along with the animals that they tended. This article highlights the role of humans as part of animal technologies, as an important anthropological component when technologies that involve animals are introduced to new settlements and areas. Using three case studies in which animal technologies from Asia were introduced to other parts of the world, it can be seen that humans are an essential and integral component of animal technologies.

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Cropscapes and History

Reflections on Rootedness and Mobility

Francesca Bray, Barbara Hahn, John Bosco Lourdusamy, and Tiago Saraiva

Crops are a very special type of human artifact, living organisms literally rooted in their environments. Crops suggest ways to embed rootedness in mobility studies, fleshing out the linkages between flows and matrices and thus developing effective frameworks for reconnecting local and global history. Our focus here is on the movements, or failures to move, of “cropscapes”: the ever-mutating ecologies, or matrices, comprising assemblages of nonhumans and humans, within which a particular crop in a particular place and time flourishes or fails. As with the landscape, the cropscape as concept and analytical tool implies a deliberate choice of frame. In playing with how to frame our selected cropscapes spatially and chronologically, we develop productive alternatives to latent Eurocentric and modernist assumptions about periodization, geographical hierarchies, and scale that still prevail within history of technology, global and comparative history, and indeed within broader public understanding of mobility and history.

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Editorial

Mobility Studies, a Transdisciplinary Field

Dagmar Schäfer

) immobility. The history of technology may offer “nothing certain in a world of complex sociotechnical systems” when it comes to tackling modern mobility concerns, but, as Collin Divall has argued, “history can help us to see how, over the long term, various

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Niklas Olsen, Irene Herrmann, Håvard Brede Aven, and Mohinder Singh

. HÅVARD BREDE AVEN Oslo Metropolitan University For a long time, historians of concepts were not particularly interested in the history of technology, and historians of technology have not been particularly interested in the history of concepts. In

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Cotten Seiler

literary studies, sociology, and the history of technology, these essays illustrate the versatility of the mobility optic as well as its massive potential for the formation of new knowledge and the effecting of egalitarian policy. The scholars here make the

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Unbuilt and Unfinished

The Temporalities of Infrastructure

Ashley Carse and David Kneas

dimensions of infrastructure ( Anand et al. 2018 ; Barry 2017 ; Hetherington 2014 , 2019 ). This is a longstanding concern in the history of technology, where, to cite one influential example, a body of work traces the development of large sociotechnical

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“Containers, Carriers, Vehicles”

Three Views of Mobility from Africa

Clapperton Chakanetsa Mavhunga, Jeroen Cuvelier, and Katrien Pype

in the Humanities (KU Leuven–OJO Initiative). Wiebe E. Bijker, Thomas P. Hughes, and Trevor Pinch, The Social Construction of Technological Systems: New Directions in the Sociology and History of Technology (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1987

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Michael K. Bess, David Lipset, Kudzai Matereke, Stève Bernardin, Katharine Bartsch, Harry Oosterhuis, Samuel Müller, Frank Schipper, Benjamin D’Harlingue, and Katherine Roeder

International Cycling Ruth Oldenziel, Martin Emanuel, Adri Albert de la Bruhèze, and Frank Veraart, eds., Cycling Cities: The European Experience-Hundred Years of Policy and Practice (Eindhoven: Foundation for the History of Technology, 2016), 256 pp., 100

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Trending Transfers

A Decade of New Mobility Studies through the Lens of Transmodality, Transnationalism, and Transdisciplinarity

Gijs Mom

Presidential Address),” Technology and Culture 58, no. 3 (July 2017): 815–834, for comparable concerns regarding the history of technology. 23 Gijs Mom and Nanny Kim, “Editorial,” Transfers 3, no. 3 (Winter 2013): 1–5, here 3. 24 Gijs Mom and Georgine