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Pierre Makhlouf

With the stated aim of government policy now being to ‘create a really hostile environment for illegal migrants’, 1 greater focus on the rights of migrants is essential. People whom the government describes as ‘illegal migrants’ are, in their eyes

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“Windrush Generation” and “Hostile Environment”

Symbols and Lived Experiences in Caribbean Migration to the UK

Huon Wardle and Laura Obermuller

The Windrush scandal belongs to a much longer arc of Caribbean-British transmigration, forced and free. The genesis of the scandal can be found in the post–World War II period, when Caribbean migration was at first strongly encouraged and then increasingly harshly constrained. This reflection traces the effects of these changes as they were experienced in the lives of individuals and families. In the Caribbean this recent scandal is understood as extending the longer history of colonial relations between Britain and the Caribbean and as a further reason to demand reparations for slavery. Experiences of the Windrush generation recall the limbo dance of the middle passage; the dancer moves under a bar that is gradually lowered until a mere slit remains.

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Enforcing Apartheid?

The Politics of “Intolerability” in the Danish Migration and Integration Regimes

Julia Suárez-Krabbe and Annika Lindberg

Across Northern European states, we can observe a proliferation of “hostile environments” targeting racialized groups. This article zooms in on Denmark and discusses recent policy initiatives that are explicitly aimed at excluding, criminalizing, and inflicting harm on migrants and internal “others” by making their lives “intolerable.” We use the example of Danish deportation centers to illustrate how structural racism is institutionalized and implemented, and then discuss the centers in relation to other recent policy initiatives targeting racialized groups. We propose that these policies must be analyzed as complementary bordering practices: externally, as exemplified by deportation centers, and internally, as reflected in the development of parallel legal regimes for racialized groups. We argue that, taken together, they enact and sustain a system of apartheid.

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Spells of belonging

A response to Anna Tuckett

Susannah Crockford

Anna Tuckett’s piece on the paper trails left, created and curated by migrant streams crossing Europe raises questions on how social personhood is legally affirmed or undermined by legal paperwork. As is now a well aired fact, those UK citizens affected by the ‘hostile environment’ instituted by the British Home Office (HO) from 2012 onwards were disproportionately black and descended from former Caribbean colonies (Olusoga 2019). I consider my experience relating to immigration practices and assumptions to indicate aspects of this environment in the making. In 2004, I spent six months working for the civil service in the UK as a blandly labelled ‘presenting officer’. A presenting officer presented the Home Secretary’s case for refusing immigration and asylum claims that the applicant had appealed. In such cases, it was common strategy to draw attention to the lack of consistency, in terms of both narrative and between a person and their papers. Narrative consistency was required: the same story had to be told to the case officer on presenting a claim and in the courtroom to the adjudicator and in any and every opportunity to retell the tale the applicant had. Any inconsistency was taken as evidence of deceit. A person had to be able to document their birth, entries and exits to the UK, schooling, workplaces, income and family relationships. The requirements of consistency reified relationships that had documentary existence over those that did not. Lack of documents undermined a person’s ability to make their case.

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Edited by Jonathan Magonet

experience of the persecution of minorities led to the creation of customary international human rights law that sought to protect the fundamental rights and civil liberties of all individuals. However, the UK government procedures offer a ‘hostile

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Introduction

Emerging Kinship in a Changing Middle East

Soraya Tremayne

of the group, especially among minority groups and in hostile environments (see also the special issue of Anthropology of the Middle East 12, no. 1, 2017). The notion of ‘child-centred’ research became valid in the late 1980s and early 1990s, as

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John Drakakis

adversarial layer of intertextuality into a drama that will embed the play’s love interest and the potentially comic form, its ‘aesthetic’, in a distinctly hostile environment. The Verona that the play depicts is one of warring households in thrall to the

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Anan D’Sageinan B’Shleimuta

A Theology of LGBTQ Integrity, Integration and Rabbinic Leadership

Shulamit Ambalu

you make only once and then build your life upon. It is this lifelong effort to build, hold, adjust and name this integrity, this truth, in a hostile environment, where our truth and basic goodness is again and again denied, that I would call a

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Barbara Roche Rico

the Island. As in the first novel, Felita’s reemergence is affected when she is able to exercise her agency as an artist. Her demonstrable talent allows her to thrive, even in a hostile environment. After a period of competitive appraisal, Felita (even

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Anthropology at the dawn of apartheid

Radcliffe-Brown and Malinowski’s South African engagements, 1919–1934

Isak Niehaus

obligations toward different constituencies, who hold contradictory interests. Radcliffe-Brown’s more scholarly interventions helped secure a fragile institutional base for anthropological pursuits in a hostile environment. But there is little doubt that