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Deprivation of citizenship, undocumented labor and human trafficking

Myanmar migrant workers in Thailand

Steve Kwok-Leung Chan

intended contribution of this article is its focus on the role of the black market economy in labor migration to Thailand. This article includes four sections. Following this introduction, part two reviews the concept of human trafficking, followed by a

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The Theatre of Human Trafficking

A Global Discourse on Lao Stages

Roy Huijsmans

Using the Lao PDR as a case study, this paper analyses human trafficking as discourse. Human trafficking is identified as a global discourse that is globalized through a set of powerful relations and actors. Following Appadurai, it is argued that this global discourse is not passively received by local actors such as the Lao state. This demonstrated by unravelling the global–local interactions through which it has entered the Lao social landscape. This is complemented with an analysis of a series of events in which the human trafficking discourse is staged on Lao soil. On this basis, the paper argues that the global human trafficking discourse is actively indigenized through, amongst other things, the social practice of staging. In addition, the paper argues that this indigenized discourse is employed by actors in more localized power struggles; in this case, by the Lao state as a response to boundary crises triggered by the phenomenon of cross-border migration into Thailand as an important manifestation of the overarching process of transition.

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Intersectional Feminism and Social Justice in Teen Vogue

Shara Crookston and Monica Klonowski

Abstract

In this article, we argue that Teen Vogue has evolved to encompass aspects of intersectional, feminist activism that is particularly evident in the 2017 “Voices” section of the magazine. This evolution challenges previous research that has found that, historically, teen magazines focus heavily on heteronormativity, ideals of beauty, and consumerism. Our analysis of the content of this section of Teen Vogue in 2017 demonstrates that teen magazines can be reimagined as legitimate sources of intersectional activist feminist information for readers. Despite these positive changes, however, Teen Vogue continues to advertise clothing brands that many adolescent girl readers are likely unable to afford, thereby reinforcing superficial postfeminist notions of empowerment.

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En-Gendering Insecurities

The Case of the Migration Policy Regime in Thailand

Philippe Doneys

The paper examines the migration policy regime in Thailand using a human security lens. It suggests that insecurities experienced by migrants are partly caused or exacerbated by a migration policy regime, consisting of migration laws and regulations and non-migration related policies and programs, that pushes migrants into irregular forms of mobility and insecure employment options. These effects are worse for women migrants who have fewer resources to access legal channels while they are relegated to insecure employment in the reproductive or informal sectors. Using a gender and human security analysis, therefore, reveals how the migration policy regime, often informed by a restrictive national security approach, can clash with the human security needs of migrants by creating a large pool of unprotected irregular migrants with women occupying the most vulnerable forms of employment. In conclusion, it is suggested that this ‘en-gendering’ of human insecurities could be overcome if gender equality was designed into policies and guided their implementation.

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Peters, Alicia W. 2015. Responding to human trafficking: sex, gender, and culture in the law. Philadelphia, PA: University of Pennsylvania Press. 256 pp. Hb.: US$59.95. ISBN: 9780812247336.

Hannah Marshall

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Slavery as the commodification of people

Wa "slaves" and their Chinese "sisters"

Magnus Fiskesjö

In the 1950s, teams of Chinese government ethnologists helped liberate “slaves” whom they identified among the Wa people in the course of China’s military annexation and pacification of the formerly autonomous Wa lands, between China and Burma. For the Chinese, the “discovery” of these “slaves” proved the Engels-Morganian evolutionist theory that the supposedly primitive and therefore predominantly egalitarian Wa society was teetering on the threshold between Ur- Communism and ancient slavery. A closer examination of the historical and cultural context of slavery in China and in the Wa lands reveals a different dynamics of commodification, which also sheds light on slavery more generally. In this article I discuss the rejection of slavery under Wa kinship ideology, the adoption of child war captives, and the anomalous Chinese mine slaves in the Wa lands. I also discuss the trade in people emerging with the opium export economy of the late nineteenth and early twentieth century which helped sustain, yet also threatened, autonomous Wa society. I suggest that past Wa “slave” trade was spurred by the same processes of commodification that historically drove the Chinese trade in people, and in recent decades have produced the large-scale human trafficking across Asia, which UN officials have labeled “the largest slave trade in history” and which often hides slavery under the cover of kinship.

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The return of human rights

academic contribution, by Steve Kwok-Leung Chan, which addresses links between deprived citizenship among minorities in Myanmar and human trafficking in Thailand. The article highlights how transnationalism undermines human rights protections—human

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Reviews

Rachel J. Wilde, Gayle Clifford, Áron Bakos, and Kristine Hickle

human trafficking in the United States, focusing specifically on the experiences of children and young people. She draws upon her own research with trafficked children and youth, and weaves their narratives throughout as a means of bringing to life

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Reading Desires

Romanian Pimps Striving for Success in the Transnational Street Economy

Trine Mygind Korsby

of migrant sex workers (see, e.g., Andrijasevic 2010 ; Brennan 2004 ; Day and Ward 2004 ; Korsby 2023 ; Plambech 2020 ; Skilbrei and Polyakova 2006 ), as well as on the contested theme of human trafficking. Several critical academic analyses

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The Risk of Revictimization for the Young Victims of Crimes

Delia Magherescu

committed against young people. 1 It concerns crimes of violence, crimes of abuse both physical and psychological ( Marchetti 2009 ), and crimes of human trafficking, including with young people as victims ( Koenen et al. 2007 ). All kinds of crimes present