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Christian Hunold

conceptions of pristine nature and created new ways of imagining the intersection of ecology and society in the city. The human-animal relations that animate this article played out in the fifth-largest city in the United States; more specifically, right in

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Pigs, Fish, and Birds

Toward Multispecies Ethnography in Melanesia

Katharina Schneider

This article reviews two strengths of Melanesian anthropology that could make a significant contribution to anthropological research on human-animal relations, specifically to multispecies ethnography. The first strength is an analytical approach to comparative research on gender developed in response to challenges from feminist theory in the 1980s; the second is a wealth of ethnographic detail on human-animal relations, much of it contained in texts not explicitly concerned with them and thus largely inaccessible to nonspecialist readers. The article sets up an analogy between the challenges faced by feminist anthropologists and those currently faced by multispecies ethnographers. It demonstrates how pursuing the analogy allows multispecies ethnographers to draw together analytically, and to reinvestigate a broad range of ethnographic resources containing details on human-animal relations, whose convergence so far remains hidden by divergent theoretical interests.

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Inalienable Worlds

Inter-species Relations, Perspectives and 'Doublethink' in a Catalonian Chimpanzee Sanctuary

Lys Alcayna-Stevens

This article draws on ethnographic research conducted in a chimpanzee sanctuary in Catalunya, and contributes to contemporary theoretical debates surrounding Viveiros de Castro's recent injunction for anthropologists to 'take seriously' the worlds of their ethnographic interlocutors. Taking seriously apparent contradictions in keepers' reflections on the care of chimpanzees, the concept of 'doublethink' is introduced as a heuristic in order to appreciate both their practices of boundary maintenance and the strong inter-species relationships which proliferate at the sanctuary. Anthropologies of Euro-American naturalism must be ready to appreciate both the apparently unbridgeable dualisms utilized and enacted by their interlocutors, and the simultaneous disappearance, dissolution and intermittent irrelevance of these dualisms in their interlocutors' encounters and reflections. The article concludes with a rethinking of the alienability/inalienability of others' worlds.

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Archaeology and Animal Persons

Toward a Prehistory of Human-Animal Relations

Erica Hill

The discipline of archaeology has long engaged with animals in a utilitarian mode, constructing animals as objects to be hunted, manipulated, domesticated, and consumed. Only recently, in tandem with the rising interest in animals in the humanities and the development of interdisciplinary animal studies research, has archaeology begun to systematically engage with animals as subjects. This article describes some of the ways in which archaeologists are reconstructing human engagements with animals in the past, focusing on relational modes of interaction documented in many hunting and gathering societies. Among the most productive lines of evidence for human-animal relations in the past are animal burials and structured deposits of animal bones. These archaeological features provide material evidence for relational ontologies in which animals, like humans, were vested with sentience and agency.

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Agustín Fuentes and Eduardo Kohn

Proposal 1: Anthropology Beyond the Human Eduardo Kohn

Ethnographic attention to human-animal relations in Amazonia reveals the constitutively semiotic nature of all life.This helps us appreciate more broadly the ways in which semiotic logics that are not necessarily human or language-like underlie the modes by which thoughts and lives form associations. This changes our understanding of relationality, arguably anthropology’s central concern.

Proposal 2: Humans as Niche Constructors, as Primates and with Primates: Synergies for Anthropology in the Anthropocene Agustín Fuentes

Humans are primates and consummate niche constructors. If we hope to be both relevant and successful investigators in the multispecies word of the Anthropocene, we need an anthropological practice that places humans and other organisms in integrated and shared ecological and social spaces. Ethnoprimatology and a constructivist evolutionary theory help us move towards a place where the biological and social are folded into an integrative anthropology, in which a myriad of entangled agents and theoretical perspectives are central in investigating the processes of becoming human.

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Edited by David Detmer and John Ireland

influence of his thought on many other schools of psychoanalytic thought and related therapies today. Baya Messaoudi addresses a neglected area of Sartre’s work, the difficult issue of human-animal relations, focusing specifically on problems related to the

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Pushkar Sohoni

arguably defined human-animal relations in the sphere of domestication were the concept of evolution (through artificial selection) and the idea of civilization (through training). 4 Animals were bred in an attempt to control evolution as humans were to

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Introduction

People and Plants

Kay E. Lewis-Jones

.fao.org/forestry/livelihoods/en (accessed 10 July 2016 ). Feinberg , Rebecca , Patrick Nason , and Hamsini Sridharan . 2013 . “ Introduction: Human-Animal Relations .” Environment and Society: Advances in Research 4 , no. 1 : 1 – 4 . 10.3167/ares.2013.040101 Gallagher

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Stephan Dudeck

important animals in the forest, like the bear and the moose. It is difficult to determine whether the human–animal relations influence the relations among humans or the other way around. The Khanty and Nenets mythology tells us about the kinship of man and

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Every Dog Has Its Day

New Patterns in Pet Keeping in Iran

Anahita Grisoni and Marjan Mashkour

trend. They caricature the position of a fanatic, irrational and non-ethic ‘traditionalism’. These are only press materials, but we can nonetheless criticise their orientalist slant, as reflected by an ethnocentric approach to the question of human–animal