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Humanity’s Subtensions

Culture Theory in US Death Penalty Mitigation

Jesse Cheng

of knowledge accretion in which facts about the offense radiate ever further outward, ultimately becoming reconfigured in explanations of the client’s humanity that span his full life and beyond. Anything about that life has the potential to be

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Humanitarian militarism and the production of humanity

Antonio De Lauri

The limits and consequences of humanitarian military operations continue to be major issues in Western public debates on global security, democracy and human rights. This article focuses on the intersection of war and humanitarianism, situating the study of humanitarian militarism within a European context in which a reinvigorated proliferation of the military ethos coexists with ongoing transformations in European military culture and a resurgence of nation‐state ideologies. Building on a reflection of the historical consolidation of humanitarian militarism and interviews conducted with soldiers, the paper explores the politics of humanity produced by humanitarian militarism.

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Sartre

The Civil Code and the Rights of Arabs

Nathalie Nya

-à-vis the European, validating both the humanity and sub-humanity of the colonized. The attempt to grant liberal political rights to the Arab showed the Europeans—and Sartre in particular—the complicit relationship between the colonized and the colonizer

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Reimagining Frankenstein

Otherness, Responsibility, and Visions of Future Technologies in Ahmed Saadawi's Frankenstein in Baghdad and Jeanette Winterson's Frankissstein

Amal Al Shamsi

to her work to create both direct reproductions and recontextualized interpretations. Frankenstein' s existential dilemmas of humanity and science have led the novel to be upheld as a premonition of the dangers of overreaching technological

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Vernacular Humanitarianisms

An Introduction

Čarna Brković

universal moral community that has the power to make inequalities and injustices a bit more bearable (2012: xii). Although one is regional and another transnational in scope, both forms of helping are informed by visions of humanity understood as a

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Philosophy in the Present Context of Africa

Tsenay Serequeberhan

continent. Within this debilitating setup, and constantly nurtured by it, the myth of an inherently impaired ‘darker’ sector of humanity, incapable of doing for itself is sustained. The daily news (i.e., genocide, manmade famine, corruption, blood

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Cosmopolitanism as the existential condition of humanity

Lisette Josephides

Cosmopolitanism as the existential condition of humanity refers to the view that human beings are both transcendent and social. This is argued through another pair of concepts, commonality and difference. If humans are moral, it is because they recognise each other as sharing a basic ontology. But this morality is expressed in the sort of regard that separates ‘me’ from ‘you’. Two aspects of difference are elaborated: foreignness feared as alien but also found in oneself, and alterity as irreducibly other. How can these differences keep us both individual and social?

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“Evidences of Decadent Humanity”: Antianthropocentrism in Early Science Fiction

Bryan L. Moore

Early science fiction (SF) is noted for, among other things, its conservatism and lack of interest in ecology. Brian Stableford, a well-known SF writer and critic, writes that "there are very few early stories with ecological themes" (1993, 395). This article shows that, in fact, many early SF works (those written between the Enlightenment and World War II) employ ecological themes, especially as applied to questioning our anthropocentrism. These works suggest that humans are but one species among many, that we are not the end of nature/history, that the natural world may be better off without us, and, in some cases, that humanity is fated to go extinct, the result of its own hubris. Such views are undoubtedly pessimistic, yet these works may also be read as warnings for humans to seek a more humble view of ourselves as members of what Aldo Leopold calls the land community.

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Humanosphere Potentiality Index

Appraising Existing Indicators from a Long-term Perspective

Takahiro Sato, Mario Ivan López, Taizo Wada, Shiro Sato, Makoto Nishi, and Kazuo Watanabe

, they are all concerned with providing a detailed snapshot of the current state of humanity’s impact on the planet. With the exception of EVI, these environmental indicators measure the present country-level performance related to environmental

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Common Humanity and Shared Destinies

Looking at the Disability Arts Movement from an Anthropological Perspective

Andrea Stöckl

This article will bring together two strands of anthropological theories on art and artefacts, the disability arts movement and the phenomenological approach to the study of material things. All three of these different perspectives have one thing in common: they seek to understand entities – be they human or nonhuman – as defined by their agency and their intentionality. Looking at the disability arts movement, I will examine how the anthropology of art and agency, following Alfred Gell's theorem, is indeed the 'mobilisation of aesthetic principles in the course of social interaction', as Gell argued in Art and Agency. Art, thus, should be studied as a space in which agency, intention, causation, result and transformation are enacted and imagined. This has a striking resonance with debates within the disability arts movement, which suggests an affirmative model of disability and impairment, and in which art is seen as a tool to affirm, celebrate and transform rather than a way of expressing pain and sorrow. I will use case studies of Tanya Raabe-Webber's work and of artistic representations of the wheelchair in order to further explore these striking similarities and their potential to redefine the role of art in imagining the relationship between technology and personhood. I will finish by looking at Martin Heidegger's conceptualisation of the intentionality of things, as opposed to objects, and will apply this to some artwork rooted in the disability arts movement.