On the coasts of southern Spain, Italy, and Greece, thousands of young African men and women attempt to enter Europe illegally, that is to say, without having been granted the proper identification documents allowing them entry to a European
Photography, Identity, and Migration
Controlling Colonial Migrants in Interwar France and Senegal
Johann Le Guelte
Violence and Identification
Everyday Ethnic Identity in Bosnia and Herzegovina
The aim of this article is to account for some of the consequences of the war in Bosnia and Herzegovina from 1992 to 1995 on matters of identification in everyday life among the Muslims of Stolac. 1 Or, to put it a little polemically, the lack of
Democracy, Identification, and Embodiment
The significance of embodiment has long been overlooked in theories of deliberative democracy. Deliberation is characterized by inclusive and rational discussion that functions in an allegedly neutral and abstract space. This article draws attention to the bodies between which political interaction always occurs. Bodies have important yet unpredictable effects for political interaction and can extend or disorder the careful conscious conversation invoked by deliberative democrats. Identities are reproduced by bodies, and bodies may conform to or transform their identifications. Using Merleau-Ponty's notion of habitual knowledge, the article argues that bodies provide limitations, capacities, and opportunities for democratic politics. At the same time, bodies and their identifications are themselves transformed through deliberation and other types of political experience.
Identification and Contagion in Anna Rose Holmer's The Fits
commodifying and objectifying difference. Sigmund Freud noted of identification as a psychic phenomenon that it “enables” individuals “to suffer on behalf of a whole crowd of people” ( 1955b: 149 ), and further that it “has been not unsuitably compared to the
From Rhetoric to Identification
Miscommunication in Inter-ethnic Contact
The article analyses speech varieties among Uzbek migrants in Tashkent city in Uzbekistan to shed light on inter-ethnic contact. I do this through discussing various rhetorical strategies and linguistic means employed during the identification processes. 'We-codes' and 'They-codes' as well as the analysis of intent and 'perceived intent' are the centre of the theoretical argument of the article. It is important to consider communication and miscommunication when studying inter-ethnic relations and collective identities. I argue that it is necessary to distinguish between intent and what I call 'perceived intent' when analysing miscommunication. The data used for the article is drawn from the ethnography of communication among Khorezmians and other Uzbek groups in the capital city of Tashkent in Uzbekistan. Theoretically, the article contributes to the recent scholarly debate on language and identity pioneered by Gumperz, Hymes, Giles and Fishman among others.
Imposture at the border
Law and the construction of identities among undocumented migrants
Stefan Le Courant
In early 2001 Masséré Sissoko left his village in the Malian region of Kayes and began a journey to France. He travelled under the name of Mahamadou Diarra, an identity with which he obtained a visa. Years later, as he was undocumented in France, Sissoko reused this identity in order to obtain ‘papers’ that could reduce the effects of his irregularity and eventually maximise his possibilities of regularisation. This meant fabricating an existence for his double by producing documents in his name (i.e. tax declarations, bank receipts) and even sometimes by embodying this identity. The multiplicity and wide range of documents that Sissoko and his fellow ‘undocumented’ migrants manipulate thus allow them to free themselves from the omnipresence of the border and to construct a life. However, identity documents, and all other documents, are constantly subjected to authenticity tests and inquiries of veracity. What does it mean to exist when you cannot live under your own name? By following the personal journey of Masséré Sissoko and his double, this article explores the connections between identification, identity and the (im)possibilities of existing within a regime of illegality.
Ahimsa, identification and sacrifice in the Gujarat pogrom
Central Gujarat is often called the ‘laboratory of Hindutva’. This paper examines how complicity during the Gujarat pogrom in 2002 was tied to an imagery of sacrifice invoked through a language of ritual and diet. By means of the spectacle of uncanny terrorism, the deployment of sacrificial language, rumours of abduction of young women, and circulation of images of excess, a Hindu victim was mimetically constructed through Muslim victimisation. , initially deployed as an ethical critique of the violence of sacrifice, was transformed into an element of violent identification contributing to widespread complicity among residents of the city of Ahmedabad.
When the Outrage Becomes Personal, and the Urge to Act Unbearable
identification with Lebanon as the land of his birth, and his professional identification with the South Lebanese that made them far less abstract entities to him than Palestine and the Palestinians. The emotions he was relating to Lebanon were more personal than
Beyond the Body
Guillaume Dustan and the Poetics of Materialization
and Dustan's text as a productive and intergenerational 6 ground of embodiment and identification. I argue for a reading of Dustan that makes the reader's body matter through a fantasy of identity mobilized by the seropositive language of AIDS
Migration Destination Choice as a Criterion of Self-Identification
The Case of Young People Leaving Noril’sk and Dudinka
that the challenge of “tuning in to” a place is a frequent problem for many people. My field data provide numerous examples of how migration preferences, notably the direction of migration, are based on self-identification with a specific place. Here, a