When studying the political development of young people, level of education matters. However, instead of concentrating on the amount of education and how it affects one’s political attributes (vertical effects of education), we consider the effects of characteristics of one’s education, specifically one’s college major, among people with similar levels of education (horizontal effects). Our study demonstrates that the discipline in which one majors affects one’s political development, over and above the expected self-selection effects. While our results are modest, they suggest that there is much to be gained from exploring horizontal variations in education and its effects on political attributes.
Hailey L. Huckestein, Steven M. Mikulic, and Jeffrey L. Bernstein
Matthew Carey, Ida Nielsen Sølvhøj, Eve Monique Zucker, Younes Saramifar, and Louis Frankenthaler
informative as it is thought provoking. Um leaves few stones uncovered here and includes the role of Buddhism, relations with the Vietnamese, the impacts of education, and several other underexplored issues. Part 3 of the book addresses the aftermath of the
educational expansion, and increased Muslims’ school attendance rate from 2 percent after the war to 13 percent on the eve of independence. This reform widened the social impact of education and inspired the urban middle classes to raise their educational