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Steve Reyna

This essay is concerned with where the current of global political and economic events runs. It addresses this concern by erecting an argument in three stages. First, a string being theory (SBT) is outlined. Second, this theory is used to formulate an SBT approach to imperialism, one that might be imagined as Lenin by alternative (theoretical) means, emphasizing the role of violent force. The 'seven deadly sirens'—generalizations that predict the exercise of violent force under different conditions in imperial systems—are introduced. Third, certain post-1945 US government uses of violence are analyzed in terms of their fit with the seven sirens' predictions. Oil depletion is considered as contributing to systemic crisis in capital accumulation, and its role in Gulf War II is explored. It is concluded that US government violence is consistent with the sirens' predictions. The essay terminates with speculation about where the current runs.

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Republican Imperialisms

Narrating the History of “Empire” in France, 1885–1900

Christina Carroll

harness the force of its empire more effectively, as each colony would “freely” contribute its energies toward French goals. 2 In these articles, Saint-Paul worked to reclaim the terms “empire” and “imperialism” from Bonapartist politics. He likely did so

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“Space without People”

Austro-German Filmmaker, Bestselling Author, and Journalist Colin Ross Discovers Australia

Siegfried Mattl

context of modern technology, education, science, media revolution, identity-production, and colonialism or imperialism ( Ruoff 2006 ). Jennifer Peterson in her analysis of early American travel films went further by ascribing a kind of resistance to non

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German Colonial Rule in Present-day Namibia

The Struggle for Discursive Shifts in History Education

Patrick Mielke

perceptions. The article is based on a chapter from my dissertation in which I explore the enactment of belonging and difference in German history instruction based on an examination of German history lesson units on imperialism. 4 After presenting

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Samuel Moyn and Jean-Paul Gagnon

necessity and choice. The experience of modern imperialism and global Cold War competition had the effect of eradicating most competition ideologically – the ecosystem, as it were, got winnowed down substantially, since the war was over the exact form of

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Invoking a World of Ideas

Theory and Interpretation in the Justification of Colonialism

David Boucher

contingent on those circumstances, but the veracity of the arguments depend on the constellation of ideas as a whole. The history of the European colonisation of non-European territories and subsequent policies of imperialism illustrate a general tendency

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Lawrence Ogbo Ugwuanyi

a space for the ideology of pan-Africanism. The central argument of the article, however, is that the developmental paradigm driving pan-Africanism gives support to Western imperialism, which stands against the ultimate dream of pan-Africanism. The

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Taking place

‘new wars’ versus global wars

Stephen Reyna

We are told we are living in an age of globalisation; that in this age we are bedevilled by ‘new wars’ and that to combat such wars we should impose ‘benign imperialism’. The ‘new wars’ standpoint is said to be the ‘most illuminating’ representation of contemporary warfare. The present paper has four tasks. The first critiques the ‘new wars’ perspective. The second proposes an alternative ‘global wars’ approach, which suggests that certain of the conflicts termed ‘new wars’ might be usefully understood as neo‐colonial forms of old colonial global warring. The third formulates and empirically supports a ‘global warring hypothesis’ that explains why such warring is increasing in the current conjunction. The fourth task is to decide whether the ‘new wars’ representation is, indeed, ‘illuminating’. In the course of performing these chores readers encounter a bull in the china shop and learn that taking place is taking [violently] place.

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Introduction

What can Transnational Studies offer the analysis of localized conflict and protest?

Nina Glick Schiller

After reviewing the strengths and limitations of Transnational Studies, including its methodological nationalism, this article calls for the field to develop a theory of power. A transnational theory of power allows us to set aside binaries such as internal/external, global/local, or structure/agency, when analyzing historical and contemporary social processes and conflicts. Previous and current scholarship on imperialism can contribute to this project by facilitating the examination of the role of finance capitalists and of states of unequal financial and military power. However, Transnational Studies also must assess the contestatory possibilities of transnational social movements. The articles in this special section contribute to the development of Transnational Studies by examining past and present transnational constructions of locality, identity, authenticity, and voice, within social fields of uneven power. The articles also illuminate the types of transnational practices, conflict, and struggle that emerge. v

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The Traveling Model That Would Not Travel

Oil, Empire, and Patrimonialism in Contemporary Chad

Stephen P. Reyna

This article concerns a type of change involving implementation of 'traveling models'—procedural cultural plans of how to do some-thing done somewhere elsewhere. Specifically, it concerns the World Bank's traveling model of oil revenue distribution in support of Chadian development. It finds that this model is failing and that dystopia is developing in its stead. A contrasting explanation, which examines the contradictions and consequences of Chadian patrimonialism and US imperialism, is proposed to account for this state of affairs. Finally, the analysis is shown to have implications for conceptualizing patrimonialism and planning development.